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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Functional Characterization of ER Exit Sites (ERES) in Plants
Project description  Although many of the molecular players are evolutionary conserved among the major eukaryotic cell types, there is considerable diversity in the morphological manifestation of the organelles of the secretory pathway. Unlike mammals, higher plant cells possess polydisperse and mobile Golgi stacks. This makes the visualization of protein transfer between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the Golgi apparatus difficult to monitor, in particular the sites on the ER where proteins exit (ERES) have not been adequately characterized. Cytosolic proteins ? called COPII proteins ? are sequestered at ERES and cover the nascent transport vesicles. This project will use confocal laser scanning microscopy to define ERES by a) expressing selected GFP-COPII constructs, and b) by immunofluorescence staining. Our special interest lies currently in the role of plant Sec16p orthologues in ERES formation. Lit: Yang et al. (2005) Plant Cell 17: 1513-1531
Pre requisites  advanced undergraduates majoring in biological sciences
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Heidelberg Institute for Plant Sciences (HIP) is a relatively new section of the Faculty of Biosciences at the University of Heidelberg, being formed through the fusion of existing units devoted to Botany, Cytology and Taxonomy. Currently there are five Departments representing Biodiversity, Biotechnology, Cell Biology, Cell Chemistry and Molecular Biology of Plants. A further Department for Developmental Biology will soon be integrated. HIP has a major commitment towards plant biotechnology and crop improvement. The major research interest of the Dept. of Cell Biology centers on intracellular protein transport (secretion and endocytosis) and organelle biogenesis, especially the Golgi apparatus and the vacuole. The three essential methodological requirements for cell biological research are well- established, with state of-the-art equipment for biochemistry, microscopy (CLSM, EM), and molecular biology."
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Segmentation of NMR Spectral Images of the Brain
Project description  Research group: Multidimensional Image Processing The recording of vast amounts of data has become a characteristic of our time, and can be observed in areas ranging from medicine and systems biology to industrial quality control, the security sector, and financial markets. In these areas, an individual object is often described by multiple features, giving rise to "multivariate data". We are interested in all aspects of the (semi-) automatic quantitative analysis of such data, with the aim of leveraging its information content. In particular, we develop methods for the analysis of contiguous data with more than two dimensions, such as spectral images. It is our credo that satisfactory solutions to nontrivial problems require optimization at all levels. As a consequence, we deploy a fairly broad range of methods from signal processing, image processing and (un-) supervised learning that seek to optimally exploit the raw data. Our principal application is in the development of automated diagnostic systems in medicine, biology and industrial quality control. The latter is in close collaboration with our principal sponsor, the Robert Bosch GmbH, for whom we have developed and implemented a number of systems that successfully run in a production environment, 24/7 and all year round. Project: NMR spectroscopy allows the in-vivo study of physiological and pathophysiological cell processes through the visualization of specific cell metabolites. This allows to detect tumorous tissue with very high specificity and has been applied for clinical examinations in the breast, prostate and brain. Recent technological advances allow the recording of three-dimensional volumes of spectral NMR signals at very high resolution. Since the spectral images have to be analyzed in order to access their diagnostic information, an automated approach is indispensable. The aim of this project is to develop algorithms for the unsupervised or semi-supervised segmentation of spectral images
Pre requisites  Candidates should have some programming skills, preferably in Matlab or R, and should be familiar with or interested in statistical pattern recognition.
Duration  2 semesters
Faculty Department  Founded over 15 years ago, the Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing (in German: Interdisziplinares Zentrum fur Wissenschaftliches Rechnen IWR) has become a national leader with international standing in computational science and technology.IWR comprises 32 research groups ranging from mathematics and computer science over physics, chemistry, biology to medicine and even the humanities. Embedded in several university faculties, its horizontal structure reflects the commitment to a scientific interdisciplinary approach.Equipped with high-performance computers and developing cutting-edge algorithms, researchers at IWR tackle challenging problems.Examples include process optimization of entire chemical plants, simulation of large biomolecules, or the reconstruction and visualization of ancient sites such as the temples of Angkor in Cambodia. Comprehensive teaching and project work with graduates and UGstudents has always been a key issue at IWR to ensure future excellence.""
Website  http://klimt.iwr.uni-heidelberg.de/mip/
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Collaboration with a member of the Graduate School 'Molecular Probes'
Project description  The graduate school 'molecular probes' was constituted in January 2007 by the Inorganic Chemistry Department of the University of Heidelberg, funded both by the state of Baden-W?rttemberg and by Roche Diagnostics, comprising about ten research groups. The scientific aim is the design and synthesis of molecular probes and their bioconjugates for the detection and visualization of biomolecular targets. The focus is on metal ions and their coordination compounds which due to their unique signalling properties offer superior sensitivity and selectivity in microscopic, electrochemical or radiodiagnostic detection schemes. The educational program includes a variety of training courses, including solid phase synthesis of oligonucleotides and peptides, fluorescence spectroscopy, high-field NMR spectroscopy, high-resolution mass spectrometry (soft ionization techniques), molecular modeling as well as presentation skills and scientific writing. In addition, the graduate students will profit from the individual expertise of the participating groups in the fields of organic and metal complex synthesis, bioconjugate chemistry and fluorescent labels, nucleic acid and peptide chemistry and dendrimer chemistry. ECTS 24 per semester.
Pre requisites  advanced undergraduate education; majoring in chemistry or closely related field
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Chemistry Department was established in the year 1817. Since then, a number of renowned chemists have been associated with Heidelberg, such as Gmelin, Bunsen, Kirchhoff, Kekule, Erlenmeyer, Meyer, Knoevenagel, Kuhn, Ziegler, Hieber and Wittig. Today, the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry consists of five professors and several junior research groups. Overall, approximately 700 chemistry students are currently enrolled at the Heidelberg Faculty.The main focus within the inorganic chemistry department is on molecular catalysis, bioinorganic chemistry, coordination chemistry, computational chemistry, and main group chemistry. The faculty of chemistry takes part in many national and international cooperations, both academic and industrial, as well as a European student exchange (Erasmus) program.
Website  http://www.chemgeo.uni-hd.de/AC/kraemer/
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Collaboration with the workgroups of the Department of Inorganic Chemistry
Project description  The workgroups of the inorganic department offer short-term placements. Below, the individual groups are listed, along with their primary fields of research: Prof. Dr. Peter Comba- coordination chemistry, oxygen activation, molecular magnetism and computational chemistry. PD. Dr. Markus Enders- Homogeneous olefin polymerization. Prof. Dr. Lutz H. Gade - dendrimer catalysis, stereoselective catalysis, perlyene chemistry, organometallic chemistry. Priv. Doz. Dr. Katja Heinze- Solid phase synthesis, biomimetic catalysis. Prof. Dr. Hans-Jorg Himmel - matrix isolation, hydrogen storage, main group chemistry. Dr. Matthias Hofmann - computational chemistry, bioinorganic and boron cluster chemistry. Prof. Dr. Roland Kraemer - bioinorganic and bioconjugate chemistry. Prof. Dr. Gerald Linti-main group cluster chemistry. Dr. Andriy Mokhir - PNA and DNA probes, metal ion sensors and reactions. ECTS 24 per semester.
Pre requisites  advanced undergraduate education; majoring in chemistry of closely related field
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Chemistry Department was established in the year 1817. Since then, a number of renowned chemists have been associated with Heidelberg, such as Gmelin, Bunsen, Kirchhoff, Kekule, Erlenmeyer, Meyer, Knoevenagel, Kuhn, Ziegler, Hieber and Wittig. Today, the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry consists of five professors and several junior research groups. Overall, approximately 700 chemistry students are currently enrolled at the Heidelberg Faculty.The main focus within the inorganic chemistry department is on molecular catalysis, bioinorganic chemistry, coordination chemistry, computational chemistry, and main group chemistry. The faculty of chemistry takes part in many national and international cooperations, both academic and industrial, as well as a European student exchange (Erasmus) program.
Website  www.aci.uni-heidelberg.de, www.chemgeo.uni-hd.de, http://www.uni-heidelberg.de/institute/fak12/AC/hofmann/
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Application of Modern Optimization Methods
Project description  Optimization is fascinating from an application point of view as well as mathematically. Applications include chemical, biological, mechanical science and engineering. This project focuses on numerical aspects of optimization of dynamic systems. It aims to introduce the junior researcher to modern optimization methods and software to enable her/him to employ these methods to a challenging real world problem. The junior researcher can choose the specific problem from different application fields. ECTS 24 per semester
Pre requisites  Multi-variable Calculus, Matrix Analysis, Introductory Numerical Analysis, Introductory Ordinary Differential Equations, Introductory Numerical Optimization, C/C++ programming skills
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Founded more than 15 years ago, the Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing (in German: Interdisziplinres Zentrum fur Wissenschaftliches Rechnen-IWR) has become a national leader with international standing in computational science and technology. In total, IWR is comprised of 32 research groups ranging from mathematics and computer science over physics, chemistry, biology to medicine and even the humanities. Embedded in several university faculties, its horizontal structure reflects the commitment to a scientific interdisciplinary approach. Equipped with high-performance computers and developing cutting-edge algorithms, researchers at IWR tackle challenging problems. Examples include process optimization of entire chemical plants, simulation of large biomolecules, or the reconstruction and visualization of ancient sites such as the temples of Angkor in Cambodia. Finally, comprehensive teaching and project work with graduates and undergraduates has always been a key "
Website  http://simopt.uni-hd.de
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Software Engineering Aspects of Numerical Software
Project description  In the development of numerical software the focus lies on the algorithmic part. Especially in academia software engineering aspects sometimes have to be put in the rear because of short project durations and multi-developer projects. The goal of this project is to analyze one of the group's software packages, and then to identify, suggest and discuss promising points of improvements and finally implement them. Main issues are portability, maintainability (interfaces, data structures) and reliability (creation of automated test scenarios). 24 ECTS per semester.
Pre requisites  Matrix Analysis, Introductory Numerical Analysis, C/C++ programming skills, advanced OS experiences (Windows, Unix; Mac beneficial), Software Engineering Methodology, Introductory Numerical Optimizati
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Founded over 15 years ago, the Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing (in German: Interdisziplinares Zentrum fur Wissenschaftliches Rechnen IWR) has become a national leader with international standing in computational science and technology.IWR comprises 32 research groups ranging from mathematics and computer science over physics, chemistry, biology to medicine and even the humanities. Embedded in several university faculties, its horizontal structure reflects the commitment to a scientific interdisciplinary approach.Equipped with high-performance computers and developing cutting-edge algorithms, researchers at IWR tackle challenging problems.Examples include process optimization of entire chemical plants, simulation of large biomolecules, or the reconstruction and visualization of ancient sites such as the temples of Angkor in Cambodia. Comprehensive teaching and project work with graduates and UGstudents has always been a key issue at IWR to ensure future excellence."
Website  http://simopt.uni-hd.de
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Volume Representation for GPR-data
Project description  3D ground-penetrating radar (GPR or georadar) is used to detect underground structures by sending electro-magnetic signals through soil and detecting reflected echoes form interfaces of subsurface objects. For archaeological investigations at the nearby World Heritage site of Lorsch Abbey the data acquisition was done on undulating terrain, but resulting in flat 2D images, the so-called time-slices. Time corresponds to the distance from the antenna and colors in the image indicate detected densities. A software tool shall be developed displaying a volume data set taking into account the topography of the area. Interpolation between the time-slices shall be done with respect to the probable dielectric constant of the underground. Known objects like water pipes and cables shall be suppressible in a volume rendered display.
Pre requisites  For students of computer science with basic knowledge of geophysics and math. concerning interpolation.Knowledge of programming language C/C++, preferably experiences with OpenGL and computer graphics
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Founded over 15 years ago, the Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing (in German: Interdisziplinares Zentrum fur Wissenschaftliches Rechnen IWR) has become a national leader with international standing in computational science and technology.IWR comprises 32 research groups ranging from mathematics and computer science over physics, chemistry, biology to medicine and even the humanities. Embedded in several university faculties, its horizontal structure reflects the commitment to a scientific interdisciplinary approach.Equipped with high-performance computers and developing cutting-edge algorithms, researchers at IWR tackle challenging problems.Examples include process optimization of entire chemical plants, simulation of large biomolecules, or the reconstruction and visualization of ancient sites such as the temples of Angkor in Cambodia. Comprehensive teaching and project work with graduates and UGstudents has always been a key issue at IWR to ensure future excellence."
Website  kroemker@iwr.uni-heidelberg.de
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Non-photorealistic rendering of ancient architecture
Project description  Constructing 3D computer models of ancient architecture such as the temples of Angkor (Cambodia) is one of the key research projects of the Angkor Project Group (APG). The APG, a student group located both at the IWR, university of Heidelberg and the royal university of fine arts (RUFA), Phnom Penh, is currently investigating means of using rendered images from computer graphic models in cultural heritage projects. While the high level of detail of these models is highly appreciated in the humanities, the look and appeal of computer graphic models is seen as counter-productive to the goals of disciplines such as archaeology or site interpretation. The computer graphics group and the APG jointly offer a junior research project in the field of non-photorealistic rendering. In coordination with the researchers modeling temples of the Angkor region, the student will apply and develop state-of-the-art methods of rendering appropriate images from 3D graphics to create a look and appeal suited to the application areas in the humanities. The applicant is expected to implement such algorithms in an object-oriented framework and investigate in improvements of both the visual effects generated and the computational complexity. Earn up to 24 ECTS per semester.
Pre requisites  Basic mathematical education (calculus, linear algebra), an introduction course to computer graphics and a solid education in a major computing language (C, C++ or Java).
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Founded over 15 years ago, the Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing (in German: Interdisziplinares Zentrum fur Wissenschaftliches Rechnen IWR) has become a national leader with international standing in computational science and technology.IWR comprises 32 research groups ranging from mathematics and computer science over physics, chemistry, biology to medicine and even the humanities. Embedded in several university faculties, its horizontal structure reflects the commitment to a scientific interdisciplinary approach.Equipped with high-performance computers and developing cutting-edge algorithms, researchers at IWR tackle challenging problems.Examples include process optimization of entire chemical plants, simulation of large biomolecules, or the reconstruction and visualization of ancient sites such as the temples of Angkor in Cambodia. Comprehensive teaching and project work with graduates and UGstudents has always been a key issue at IWR to ensure future excellence."
Website  http://scotty.iwr.uni-heidelberg.de
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Analysis of mass spectrometry data
Project description  (in close collaboration with Steen & Steen Lab, Children's Hospital Boston, Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School) Project: Mass spectrometry (MS) has become the workhorse of proteomics. Huge amounts of high-dimensional data are being generated, with appropriate algorithms for automated analysis still lagging behind the experimental development. The tasks in MS data processing have roots in many fields including signal and image processing, statistical modeling, decision theory, statistical learning, and pattern recognition. Within this rapidly moving field, we focus on providing robust automated methods for quantitative analysis. Feature selection: Most research efforts on the analysis of mass spectrometric data share a common approach based on post-acquisition signal filtering - followed by peak picking, alignment and statistical modeling. Sound methods exist for each of these steps, but mere pipelining neither seems to be able to cope with the complexity present in LC/MSn data nor does it provide access to more than a fraction of the overwhelming amount of information buried within the high dimensional data, thus calling for new methods. Biomarker detection: From a statistical point of view, finding biomarkers can be described as finding those peaks in the mass spectrum that maximize discrimination between species. Biomarkers need to be as sensitive as possible to avoid false negatives and also as specific as possible to avoid false positives. The problem is nontrivial since biomarker candidates need to be found among tens of thousands of m/z values with only a few hundred samples available. Interested students can contribute towards our algorithm development at the interface of signal processing, bioinformatics and pattern recognition. ECTS 24 per semester, 2 semesters, less is negotiable.
Pre requisites  Candidates should have some programming skills, preferably in Matlab or R, and should be familiar with or interested in statistical pattern recognition
Duration  2 semesters
Faculty Department  Founded over 15 years ago, the Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing (in German: Interdisziplinares Zentrum fur Wissenschaftliches Rechnen IWR) has become a national leader with international standing in computational science and technology.IWR comprises 32 research groups ranging from mathematics and computer science over physics, chemistry, biology to medicine and even the humanities. Embedded in several university faculties, its horizontal structure reflects the commitment to a scientific interdisciplinary approach.Equipped with high-performance computers and developing cutting-edge algorithms, researchers at IWR tackle challenging problems.Examples include process optimization of entire chemical plants, simulation of large biomolecules, or the reconstruction and visualization of ancient sites such as the temples of Angkor in Cambodia. Comprehensive teaching and project work with graduates and UGstudents has always been a key issue at IWR to ensure future excellence.
Website  http://klimt.iwr.uni-heidelberg.de/mip/
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Purification of Retromer-Vesicles from Plants
Project description  Transport and sorting of lytic enzymes within the secretory pathway of eukaryotic cells is a complex process, which starts at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and proceeds via the Golgi apparatus and the prevacuolar/prelysosomal compartments (PVCs/PLCs), and ends in the lytic compartment of the cell. The vacuolar sorting receptors (VSRs) responsible for recognition of the hydrolases are recycled back to the Golgi apparatus for another round of cargo transport. Participating in the recycling of VSRs from PVCs/PLCs is a pentameric protein complex termed retromer. Retromer has recently been identified in plant cells, and retromer components as well as VSRs localize to multivesicular body-type PVCs. Retromer appears to coat special recycling vesicles which have been identified in cell homogenates. The goal of this project is their purification and characterization; the methodology is principally biochemistry/subcellular fractionation. Lit: Oliviusson et al. (2006) Plant Cell 18: 1239-1252
Pre requisites  advanced undergraduates majoring in biological sciences
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Heidelberg Institute for Plant Sciences (HIP) is a relatively new section of the Faculty of Biosciences at the University of Heidelberg, being formed through the fusion of existing units devoted to Botany, Cytology and Taxonomy. Currently there are five Departments representing Biodiversity, Biotechnology, Cell Biology, Cell Chemistry and Molecular Biology of Plants. A further Department for Developmental Biology will soon be integrated. HIP has a major commitment towards plant biotechnology and crop improvement. The major research interest of the Dept. of Cell Biology centers on intracellular protein transport (secretion and endocytosis) and organelle biogenesis, especially the Golgi apparatus and the vacuole. The three essential methodological requirements for cell biological research are well- established, with state of-the-art equipment for biochemistry, microscopy (CLSM, EM), and molecular biology.
Website  
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  The Physics of Chromatin: What is its three-dimensional organization? Towards an understanding analyzing experimental and simula
Project description  Research Group: The last decade has seen exciting developments in the application of simulation techniques to study important problems in physics and biology. Progress in the modeling of protein folding and synthetic polymers, for instance, has all been driven by the emergence of new and powerful computers that allow us to use direct numerical simulation techniques, such as molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo methods, to circumvent the mathematical complexity of these systems and provide a fundamental framework for theoretical understanding. Computer aided design now provides wide opportunities for gaining a molecular understanding of a whole range of physical, chemical and biochemical phenomena. The group is dedicated to the use and development of simulational techniques to solve problems that are intractable to current analytical theory, and to gain insight into physical phenomena where the accuracy and scope of experimental results is limited. Much attention is paid to the further development of these techniques. 24 ECTS per semester.
Pre requisites  some knowledge on classical mechanics
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  From its earliest beginnings the University of Heidelberg has offered courses in physics and astronomy. The development of physics from a more speculative to an exact science in the 19th century owes much to famous names like Gustav Robert Kirchhoff and Hermann Helmholtz. In the present century, important scholars working at the Faculty were astronomer Max Wolf and Nobel Prize laureates Philip Lenard, Walther Bothe ? who initiated the rebuilding of physics after World War II ? and Hans Jensen. The latter appointment to the newly created chair of Theoretical Physics in 1949 marked the beginning of a broadening of the research ambit ultimately responsible for the wide range of interests displayed by the present Faculty. Today, these interests encompass both basic research and application-oriented approaches.
Website  http://wwwcp.tphys.uni-heidelberg.de/group/research.php
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Collaboration with a member of the Graduiertenkolleg 850 'Modeling of Molecular Properties'
Project description  The aim of the 'Graduiertenkolleg' is for PhD students primarily concerned with experimental research to be familiarized with the current methods in computational chemistry: molecular mechanics, quantum mechanics with a focus on DFT methods, and structure-activity relationships (QSAR/QSPR). In each term a number of seminars and courses are held by renowned researchers of the respective field. Every year a summer school for an in-depth understanding of one of the topics is held (normally in August). As computational resources, each graduate student is provided with a laptop for personal use; computational resources are provided by a medium-sized computer cluster, along with current versions of the quantum chemistry codes. The applicants, both local and foreign, are required to have excellent diploma grades. The additional expertise in computational methods has proven to be an excellent addition to the traditional education. ECTS 24 per semester.
Pre requisites  advanced undergraduate education; majoring in chemistry or closely related field
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Chemistry Department was established in the year 1817. Since then, a number of renowned chemists have been associated with Heidelberg, such as Gmelin, Bunsen, Kirchhoff, Kekule, Erlenmeyer, Meyer, Knoevenagel, Kuhn, Ziegler, Hieber and Wittig. Today, the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry consists of five professors and several junior research groups. Overall, approximately 700 chemistry students are currently enrolled at the Heidelberg Faculty.The main focus within the inorganic chemistry department is on molecular catalysis, bioinorganic chemistry, coordination chemistry, computational chemistry, and main group chemistry. The faculty of chemistry takes part in many national and international cooperations, both academic and industrial, as well as a European student exchange (Erasmus) program.
Website  www.molmod.uni-hd.de
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Institution  University of Helsinki
Research Project Title  Catalysts for biopolymers
Project description  Organometallic and catalyst group in the Laboratory of Inorganic Chemistry is part of the national Centre of Excellence of Bio- and nanopolymers. The Centre consists of groups of chemists, physicists, dentists and medical doctors. The Centre concentrates in the following areas: (i) Precision and tailored synthesis of functional polymers and biopolymers, (ii) Bioactive interphases and coatings, (iii) Novel bioactive 3-D structures as scaffolds for tissue wngineering, (iv) Novel bioresorbable and biostable composites and (v) biomedical and dental research. The role of the laboratory of Inorganic Chemistry is to study catalysts for biopolymers and surface structures. The research targets can be listed: (i) Controlled molecular homo- and copolymer structures including stereoselectivity, (ii) Controlled active functional structures and controlled hierarchical nanostructures (iii) Ultra-high molar mass polymers, (iii) Bioactive inorganic coatings (for example calcium phosphate), (iv) Nanoscale surface structure for biological response, and (v) Coating on 3D structures
Pre requisites  2-3 years basic chemistry studies (inorganic, organic) The laboratory courses are very important and interest in synthetic chemistry. Duration min. 3 months, max. 12.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of Chemistry is the largest and leading teaching and research unit in chemistry in Finland. The Department possesses very good possibilities for basic and post-graduate studies in analytical, inorganic, physical, organic, polymer and radiochemistry, as well as in chemistry teachers education. The Department locates in a modern premise not far from the city centre of Helsinki. The research performed at the Department is of highest international level and the current areas of specialisation are green chemistry, material and nanochemistry, computational and theoretical chemistry, synthesis and chemical analysis. The Department has all the necessary spectroscopic, diffraction and microscopic tools as well as computational capacity to carry out modern chemistry research. The Department hosts two of the Finnish national centers of excellence.
Website  http://bionanopolymers.hut.fi/
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Institution  University of Helsinki
Research Project Title  Algorithmic Data Analysis in Bioinformatics and Neuroinformatics
Project description  The project develops computational methods for discovering useful knowledge from large masses of data. In particular it uses methods employed in data mining, data analysis, and pattern matching. The work is done in close collaboration with our application partners on various fields such as molecular biology and neuroscience. The project is an activity of the Centre-of-Excellence on Algorithmic Data Analysis (Algodan), which is located at the Department of Computer Science and employs a large number of postgraduate students and research staff. Within the EuroScholars programme, we offer the possibility for two promising students to join one of our teams. The detailed contents of the project will be based on the research topics of the Centre, see http://www.cs.helsinki.fi/research/algodan/ for a list of the research teams and their topics. Duration 6-12 months
Pre requisites  basics of computer science and algorithmics, introductory university courses in mathematics, multidisciplinary interests.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Dept. of Computer Science is one of the largest det. at the University of Helsinki, Finland, with about 2000 students majoring in computer science and a faculty of 200 teachers and researchers. The Dept. provides teaching in a wide range of topics in computer science, including algorithms, intelligent systems, software engineering, distributed systems, data communications, information management and bioinformatics. As an example of highly successful teaching at the department, Linus Torvalds, who developed the Linux operating system, studied and worked at the Dept. in the 1990s.The Dept. has been very successful in its research in different areas such as data mining and analysis, pattern matching, and bioinformatics. The Dept. is located in Kumpula, Helsinki, in brand-new premises (2004) together with the other depts. of the Fac. of Science.The up-to-date equipment consistis of about 500 workstations using both Linux and Windows, 50 servers and a LAN with 40 base stations.
Website  www.cs.helsinki.fi/research/algodan/
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Dissecting the Function of Hypoxia-inducible Prolyl-4-hydroxylases (PHDs) in Oxygen Metabolism
Project description  Within the research group "Cellular Oxygen Physiology" at the Institute of Physiology, a "junior research project" within an ongoing research project is available. This research project focuses on the regulation of intracellular oxygen sensing by prolyl-hydroxylase domain (PHD) proteins. Cellular adaptation in response to oxygen deprivation is involved in many diseases, including anemia, stroke, infarction and cancer. Using a lentiviral approach, our lab has generated permanent cell lines with stable knock-down of regulatory components of the cellular oxygen sensing pathway in human cancer cells. These models will be used to further dissect the specific contribution of either player to the cellular response to long-term hypoxia.
Pre requisites  Advanced undergraduate education: majoring in Biomedical Science, Biology or closely related field. Biomedical Research: Practical laboratory work experience
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Institute of Physiology belongs both to the Medical Faculty as well as to the Life Science Faculty of the University of Zurich, illustrating its integrative function between medical and basic science. The University Research Priority Program "Integrative Physiology" supports the "Zurich Center for Integrative Human Physiology" (ZIHP). The aim of the ZIHP is to advance physiological science from the molecule to the organism. Support is provided in the form of cooperative research grants, joint meetings, core facilities and a PhD program.
Website  www.physiol.unizh.ch
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Time Series Analysis
Project description  In the department of Psychological Methods and Statistics we can offer one or two graduate or advanced undergraduate students to work on Time Series Analysis : Since a few years we have three graduate students (one has just finished her PhD) doing basic research (cp. website links) in process analysis, which is a main topic in different areas of psychology, e.g. clinical, pedagogical, developmental and even general psychology. In the last field the interesting research of D.L. Gilden, E.-J. Wagenmakers etc. has to mentioned concerning long range dependencies detected in psychological experiments. Usually these approaches depend on the proper model identification, which is one of the topics of our research. We analysed some Automatic Classification Procedures, and are now engaged in studying Cointegrated Processes, which is a very appealing phenomenon with interesting consequences.
Pre requisites  Applicants should have some experience in programming and good knowledge in basic statistics.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Psychology in Heidelberg has a long tradition: In the middle of 19th century Psychology was integrated in the Medical Faculty, from 1919 in the Philosophical Faculty and had famous professors like Wilhem Wundt, Hermann von Helmholtz, Ernst Kraepelin, Karl Jaspers, and Willy Hellpach, who founded in 1941 the Psychology Department as an institution by its own. Today there are 11 professors employed who run many research projects, funded by a variety of different agencies, ranging form governmental to the private industry, with a yearly volume of around 1 Mio Euro. Major research themes are related to cognitive, developmental, social, industrial, and clinical themes. Teaching and research is supported by about 20 research assistants and about 5 technical staff persons. Presently about 600 students are enrolled. Some 30 doctoral students are currently under supervision. More information (mostly in German): http://www.psychologie.uni-heidelberg.de/
Website  http://www.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/archiv/6975/
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Religion, Society, and Community in the United States from World War II to the Present
Project description  This interdisciplinary research project at the intersection of history, American studies, and the sociology of religion is presently in its planning stage and will be directed by Professor Manfred Berg (American History, manfred.berg@uni-hd.de ) in collaboration with the Heidelberg Center for American Studies and the Institute for Religious Studies. It will focus on topics such as the development of neo-evangelicalism since World War II, the emergence of suicidal ?deadly cults,? and the Religious Right and the death penalty. The project will be launched in 2007. Participants in the EUROScholar program may join us for a one-to-two-semester stint as soon as possible. We expect advanced undergraduate students with some background in the history and sociology of religion. They will be required to support the research of the participating scholars and to write a research paper of their own. Because the project language is English, participants do not have to be fluent in German, although some basic knowledge would be useful.
Pre requisites  advanced undergraduate students with some background in the history and sociology of religion
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The study of history at the University of Heidelberg goes back to the 17th century. The Department of History (Historisches Seminar) was founded in 1889/90 and since then has been among Germany?s most important and recognized centers of historical scholarship. It has an extensive and outstanding faculty on most periods of history, including Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern European history, Eastern European history, Global and International history, contemporary German and Western European history, South Asian history and American history. The Department maintains interdisciplinary cooperation with other key institutions in the humanities at Heidelberg such as the Center for European History and Culture, the Heidelberg Center for American Studies, the Center for Classical Studies or the Center for East Asian Studies. Moreover, the historians at the University of Heidelberg are involved in numerous national and international collaborative research projects."
Website  
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Advertising as a Manifestation of Social Change in Germany and the U.S.
Project description  For more than a century, advertising has been playing a crucial part in Western culture. On both sides of the Atlantic advertising messages reflect and shape human longings and ideals, thus it is about time to credit the due quality with advertising as a source of contemporary history such as in newspapers, magazines, TV-, radio-, and internet-ads. The research project analyzes advertising as a key element of cultural, social, and even political change since the 1940s as an aspect of Americanization and, later, globalization. The project, directed by Professor Edgar Wolfrum (Chair of Contemporary History), will be launched in 2007/08 and combine the field of contemporary history with history of arts, cultural and media studies. We expect advanced undergraduate students with background especially in cultural and media studies. Students will be given the opportunity of participation and mutual exchange helping them to finish their own thesis/research paper. Advanced knowledge of German would be useful. ECTS 24 per semester.
Pre requisites  advanced undergraduate students with background especially in cultural and media studies; Advanced knowledge of German would be useful
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The study of history at the University of Heidelberg goes back to the 17th century. The Department of History (Historisches Seminar) was founded in 1889/90 and since then has been among Germany most important and recognized centers of historical scholarship. It has an extensive and outstanding faculty on most periods of history, including Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern European history, Eastern European history, Global and International history, contemporary German and Western European history, South Asian history and American history. The Department maintains interdisciplinary cooperation with other key institutions in the humanities at Heidelberg such as the Center for European History and Culture, the Heidelberg Center for American Studies, the Center for Classical Studies or the Center for East Asian Studies. Moreover, the historians at the University of Heidelberg are involved in numerous national and international collaborative research projects.
Website  
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Liberalism and Republicanism in Early Modern Europe: Concepts of Citizenship as a Usable Past for Today?s Israeli-European Civic
Project description  Globalisation and the crisis of the nation-state inevitably lead to reconsiderations of the concepts of citizen and citizenship that have so far been pivotal to the modern state. The Principal Investigators of this ongoing project, Professor Thomas Maissen (Heidelberg) and Dr. Fania Oz-Salzberger (Haifa), believe that it is very helpful to turn back to an era preceding the modern nation state in order to understand ? and maybe develop ? alternative concepts of citizenship, especially within the current Israeli-European dialogue. Therefore two groups of young scholars in Heidelberg and Haifa, respectively, will focus the investigation both on the practise and the theory of early modern republican and liberal interpretations of civic freedom and its prerequisites. Participants in the EUROScholar program may join the project in Heidelberg for a one-to-two-semester stint as soon as possible. We expect advanced undergraduate students with a solid background in Early Modern European intellectual history, social history, or history of religions. They will be required to support the research of the participating scholars and to write a research paper of their own. The project languages are German and English, so some basic knowledge of German is welcome. ECTS 24 per semester.
Pre requisites  a solid background in Early Modern European intellectual history, social history, or history of religions; project languages are German and English, so some basic knowledge of German is welcome
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The study of history at the University of Heidelberg goes back to the 17th century. The Department of History (Historisches Seminar) was founded in 1889/90 and since then has been among Germany?s most important and recognized centers of historical scholarship. It has an extensive and outstanding faculty on most periods of history, including Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern European history, Eastern European history, Global and International history, contemporary German and Western European history, South Asian history and American history. The Department maintains interdisciplinary cooperation with other key institutions in the humanities at Heidelberg such as the Center for European History and Culture, the Heidelberg Center for American Studies, the Center for Classical Studies or the Center for East Asian Studies. Moreover, the historians at the University of Heidelberg are involved in numerous national and international collaborative research projects.
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Heidelberg 1933 - Harvard 1940
Project description  The project Heidelberg 1933 Harvard 1940 is based on the unpublished manuscript of Dr. Barbara Schütz-Sevin, a former student in Heidelberg, telling a very personal and naturally very biased story of the Machtergreifung (seizure of power) at the University of Heidelberg in the early 1930s. Written in 1940, the autobiographical text is addressed to Harvard, where a group of scientists had released a contest inviting German refugees to describe the Machtergreifung. Although the manuscript is already known in the scientific community, the text has still a huge interpretative potential. Therefore it provides a very good starting point for methodological learning. The primary objectives of the project, directed by Prof. Dr. Madeleine Herren, are to provide an e-learning-course for students in their first semesters as well as to introduce e-learning for advanced students as a collaborative research laboratory. Participants in the EUROScholar program may join us for a one-to-two-semester stint. We expect advanced undergraduate students with some basic knowledge of the history of National Socialism. They will be required to support the expansion of an e-learning-project into a not only bilingual, but also international course by adding research(ed) material concerning the Harvard contest and the immigration of Schütz-Sevin into the United States in 1936. The participants should have advanced knowledge of the German language, although they do not have to be fluent in German. ECTS 24 per semester.
Pre requisites  basic knowledge of the history of National Socialism, advanced knowledge of the German language
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The study of history at the University of Heidelberg goes back to the 17th century. The Department of History (Historisches Seminar) was founded in 1889/90 and since then has been among Germany most important and recognized centers of historical scholarship. It has an extensive and outstanding faculty on most periods of history, including Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern European history, Eastern European history, Global and International history, contemporary German and Western European history, South Asian history and American history. The Department maintains interdisciplinary cooperation with other key institutions in the humanities at Heidelberg such as the Center for European History and Culture, the Heidelberg Center for American Studies, the Center for Classical Studies or the Center for East Asian Studies. Moreover, the historians at the University of Heidelberg are involved in numerous national and international collaborative research projects.
Website  
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Studies in Late Antiquity
Project description  3 subprojects: - “The city in late antiquity” – a project aimed a writing a synthesis on the development on the cities of the Roman Empire using all available literary, juristic, epigraphic and archaeological sources; - “Epigraphic cultures in the late antique Roman West” – based on a systematic collection of all late antique inscriptions in the Latin West, this project - which is part of the SFB 933 "Material Textcultures" - explores the uses and the impact of inscriptions in the late antique world, especially in the context of the Christaniazation of the Imperium Romanum; - “International Network for the Study of Late Antiquity” – regular meetings of younger scholars from Germany, the UK, Canada and the USA who specialise in late antique studies to discuss current research projects (see http://www.la-network.org/). The project is also open for recently graduated undergraduate students who have not yet started in their graduate program and also for graduate students. 24 ECTS per semester.
Pre requisites  Good knowledge of Latin (and preferably also Greek); German is not a necessary requirement. A basic background in Roman and Late Antique History would be welcome.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Ancient History in Heidelberg is part of the Classics Dept. but also has close affiliations with the History Dept. The Classics dept. is an outstanding and internationally well known center for the study of Mediterranean cultures from the 3rd millennium BC to the end of late antiquity.It has a strong focus on Archaeology (Egyptology, Prehistoric, Classical and Byzantine Archaeology) but also on History and ancient textual sources of all kinds like papyri. At the Ancient History Inst. a particular emphasis is given to epigraphy (i.e. Greek and Latin inscriptions). Some of the most important research projects in this field like the Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum or the Epigraphische Datenbank H'berg are concentrated at the Institute, which is a meeting place for many international scholars and students. In the last 3 yrs a new and innovative research focus has been developed here dealing with different aspects of late antique culture in close collaboration with intern. colleagues.
Website  http://www.alte-geschichte.uni-hd.de/
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Representations of History in Chinese Film and TV
Project description  One of the specials of our library are holdings in Chinese films and DVDs of TV-dramas. The research project focuses on the ways history is presented in this material, contrasting it with other forms of popular history representation like textbooks used in school. Students are required to have a fair knowledge of Chinese history and to be fluent in Chinese to be able to deal with this material and to contextualize it for analysis. Courses integrating visual representations of history into a broader framework of Chinese historiography are regularly offered. Students' work may be integrated into the newly established website: www.sino.uni-heidelberg.de/representations The project is open for recently graduated undergraduates who have not yet started in their graduate program an also for graduate students. 24 ECTS per semester
Pre requisites  fair knowledge of Chinese history; fluency in Chinese
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Institute for Chinese Studies is part of the Center of East Asian Studies (Faculty of Philosophy) at Heidelberg and was established in 1962. The following people taught at Heidelberg over the years: Wolfgang Bauer (main field: intellectual history), G. Debon (main field: literature), Rudolf G. Wagner in 1987 (main field: intellectual history), S. Weigelin-Schwiedrzik (main field: historiography), Barend ter Haar (main field: popular religions), G. M?ller-Saini (main field: cultural history) and Barbara Mittler (main field: popular culture). The institute is actively engaged in various academic projects, ranging from Chinese textbooks and paleography to Chinese contemporary music, the Chinese public sphere and contemporary popular culture as well as history representation in Chinese film and TV. The library has a number of exceptional holdings such as films, musical scores and recordings, news-media old and new and numerous otherwise inaccessible databases.www.sino.uni-heidelberg.de
Website  http://projects.zo.uni-heidelberg.de/representations/
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  The role of the Myocyte Enhancer factor 2A in Arteriogenesis
Project description  Arteriogenesis is defined as the development and maturation of collateral arteries from a preexisting arteriole network, which enables the redirection of blood-flow to ischemic areas downstream of an arterial occlusion. Impaired arteriogenesis in patients with occlusive atherosclerosis results in continuous hampered blood-flow to downstream ischemic areas. Trials with drugs designed to stimulate arteriogenesis have so far been only marginally successful. A major problem with pro-arteriogenic factors is that they often stimulate only one proces or one celltype involved in arteriogenesis, whereas any form of vascular remodeling is complex proces involving many different celltypes. Therefore, in this research project, we focus on so-called phenotypic masterswitches. Such masterswitches include epigenetic factors, microRNAs and transcription factors. For this particular EuroScholars project, the participant will work on the role of the muscle specific transcription factor Myocyte Enhancer Factor 2A (MEF2A), which regulates actiation, proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells. Downstream targets of MEF2A, focusing mainly on microRNAs, will be identified and their role in vascular remodeling investigated. The project involves cloning techniques, rt/qPCR, primary cell isolation and cultivation and immunohisto- and cytochemistry.
Pre requisites  bachelorate in chemistry, biology, medicine or life sciences; laboratory experience; basic experience with cell cultures; interest in cardiovascular disease.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Research within the Department of Vascular Surgery has a strong emphasis on translational research (close cooperation and integration of basic and clinical research). Research is essentially focused on (a) the (pathological) arterial vessel wall of peripheral arteries and (b) compromised organ perfusion and its consequences (ischemic damage and necrosis). Current main research topics are pathogenesis of peripheral artery disease, treatment of aneurysmal disease, vein graft disease and ischemia of the lower limb. http://www.lumc.nl/home/0002/71210071839221/71217094208221/80304013111221/80310014407221/
Website  http://www.lumc.nl/home/0002/71210071839221/71217094208221/80304013111221/80310014407221/
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Chinese Popular Culture
Project description  Several members at the Institute of Chinese Studies have initiated the Chinese popular culture research group which meets regularly to read theoretical and methodological texts. Members of the group tap the various special resources in the Institute?s library and have worked on Chinese propaganda and political citation, plagiarism and trivial literature, advertising, women?s magazines and film. The aim of the group is to use the study of popular culture in the China throughout the 20th and into the 21st century as steps for writing a history of social change in modern and contemporary China. How? Our definition of popular culture hinges on the apparently popular texts we peruse: newspapers, encyclopedias, women's magazines, comics, folksongs, legal proclamations, commercial films and advertisements. The question of whether or not these texts actually are popular, in the sense that a great number of people enjoys perusing them or believes in their use, is one we continually pose. Producers of popular texts try precisely to make them popular. The tension between imagined and real popularity of particular texts is one which actually creates/makes these texts. Their success or failure can tell us a lot about society at large at that moment in time. Their success or failure hinges on historical contingencies. It is the aim of the project to uncover these. Students interested in aspects of popular culture are welcome to join the group and make use of the vast resources in this area. ECTS 24 per semester.
Pre requisites  A good command of Chinese is required
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Institute for Chinese Studies is part of the Center of East Asian Studies (Faculty of Philosophy) at Heidelberg and was established in 1962. The following people taught at Heidelberg over the years: Wolfgang Bauer (main field: intellectual history), G. Debon (main field: literature), Rudolf G. Wagner in 1987 (main field: intellectual history), S. Weigelin-Schwiedrzik (main field: historiography), Barend ter Haar (main field: popular religions), G. M?ller-Saini (main field: cultural history) and Barbara Mittler (main field: popular culture). The institute is actively engaged in various academic projects, ranging from Chinese textbooks and paleography to Chinese contemporary music, the Chinese public sphere and contemporary popular culture as well as history representation in Chinese film and TV. The library has a number of exceptional holdings such as films, musical scores and recordings, news-media old and new and numerous otherwise inaccessible databases.www.sino.uni-heidelberg.de
Website  www.sino.uni-heidelberg.de/popcult
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  German Post-War Literature: Fact and Fiction
Project description  description will be provided shortly.
Pre requisites  Advanced UG education, major in German Literature / Comparative Literature / Theory of Literature or closely related field; practical experience with archival research; good command of German
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Since 1972, the Dep of German as a Foreign Language (SDF) has offered an essential contribution to German cultural politics.For students with a non-German native language, the Seminar's academic program provides instruction catered to those aiming at becoming teachers of German or intend to work in other professions, including the press, TV, radio, publishing, travel and the non-profit sector.The course of study is divided into two broad areas: Linguistics and Literary Studies. There are 3 levels of instruction:B.A.,M.A. and PhD. In addition to basic Linguistics and Literary Studies, the BA/MA programs offer special courses in teaching, media studies, or business PR as professionally qualifying areas of study.To supplement their studies at H'berg, students may study at partner universities in Europe, the US and Canada. The academic concept behind research and teaching at the SDF has stood the test of time exceedingly well; the ever-increasing rate of applicants document its succe
Website  http://www.idf.uni-heidelberg.de/mitarbeiter/roesch/03_Arbeitgeb/index.html
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Institution  University of Helsinki
Research Project Title  Mitochondrial dysfunction underlying neurodegeneration
Project description  Our research unit (FinMIT), an Academy of Finland Centre of Excellence, includes three closely integrated research teams. Two of them, led by Professor Howy Jacobs and Docent Hans Spelbrink are based in the Institute of Medical Technology of the University of Tampere. The third, led by Docent Anu Wartiovaara, is housed in Biomedicum Helsinki (the biomedical research institute of the University of Helsinki). The three teams have overlapping interests and complementary expertise. Howy Jacobs? team uses both mammalian cell and fruit fly models to analyse mitochondrial gene expression and disease. Hans Spelbrink studies the genetic apparatus of mitochondrial DNA maintenance in mammalian cells, and collaborates closely with Anu Wartiovaara?s team to investigate the clinical and molecular consequences of mutations in these genes. Anu Wartiovaara?s main interest is to identify disease-causing genes and to clarify the disease pathogenesis in defects of the mitochondrial energy-generating system.
Pre requisites  Excellent record in studies, curious and enthusiastic mind. If the student has previous experience in cell biology of molecular . Duration should be more that 6 months, preferable one year.
Duration  2 semesters
Faculty Department  Our group is part of FinMIT Centre of Excellence of Mitochondrial Biogenesis and Disease, located in Molecular Neurology Research Program in University of Helsinki. The research institute Biomedicum-Helsinki, which hosts practically all biomedical science groups in Helsinki, provides excellent facilities for research. Resourcing is adequate, and all interesting and relevant science questions can be tackled - only the scientist's innovativeness is the limit! FinMIT is an international research unit, one of the world leaders in the field clarifying mechanisms of mitochondrial DNA maintenance in aging and disease.
Website  http://Research.med.helsinki.fi/neuro
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Institution  University of Helsinki
Research Project Title  CBRU has several projects with variable durations
Project description  The work carried out in CBRU has unveiled new components in the ERPs, most notably a memory-related response, the mismatch negativity, MMN, and an attention-related response, the processing negativity, PN. There are several projects going on simultaneously in CBRU. The projects are mostly based on EEG related brain measures sometimes accompanied by behavioral measures of auditory discrimination. The main areas of research include auditory perception and memory, the neural basis of speech and language learning, music perception, the development of auditory cognition, impairments of audition and speech, developmental disorders, and brain plasticity in learning and as a result of recovery and intervention. The research work in CBRU has demonstrated, for instance, native-language speech-sound representations and their development and enhanced auditory processing in musicians.
Pre requisites  EEG recording skills and good basic knowledge on cognitive neuroscience. Number of plcements depend on projects in progress. Duration to be discussed with Project Supervisor
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Brain Research Unit (CBRU), founded by Academy Professor Risto Naatanen, is located at the Department of Psychology, Faculty of Behavioral Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. CBRU belongs to the Center-of-Excellence, Helsinki Brain Research Centre (2002-2007) of the Academy of Finland. Auditory and cross-modal brain processes are investigated in CBRU mostly with electroencephalography (EEG), but also with magnetoencephalography (MEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and trans-cranial magnetic resonance imaging (TMS). CBRU has the NeuroScan and the BioSemi for EEG recording. There are facilities for studies on adult participants and a laboratory which has a child-friendly environment. In addition to most Finnish Universities and several national research institutes, CBRU has collaboration world-wide, with several European countries, USA, Canada, and Australia. The primary funding sources have been the Academy of Finland and the University of Helsinki, but in the future, CBRU will be more dependent on grants applied from external sources.
Website  http://www.cbru.helsinki.fi/
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Complex Problem Solving (CPS)
Project description  Joachim Funke, head of the section on cognitive psychology, has been working for many years on complex problem solving. How do people deal with complex, intransparent, and dynamic problem situations?  In his group, microworlds like "Tailorshop", "MicroDYN", "MicroFIN", "Plan-A-Day" or "In-Basket Exercise" are used to elicit solution behavior and and to test hypotheses about, e.g., the role of emotions in complex problems or the consequences of small side effects in larger systems. Our current research is twofold: on the one side we are interested in the development of better measurement devices, on the other side we want to understand the regulation and self-regulation processes during problem solving: the impact of emotion on cognition, for example, how affective states influence planning processes and problem solving strategies, or how metacognition can be improved to come to better problem solving results. We also run studies with patients from a psychiatric hospital who suffer from dysfunctional executive functions. ECTS 24 per semester.
Pre requisites  It is expected that the EuroScholar applicant conducts a study to a topic related to complex problem solving under supervision of our lab. It is appreciated if ideas for such a study are already developed so that the stay can be used efficiently to plan the study, to run it, and to write down the results. Joint publications are possible if quality allows for that. In every case, interested persons should contact Prof. Funke before application and discuss potential projects
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Psychology in Heidelberg has a long tradition: In the middle of 19th century, Psychology was integrated in the Medical Faculty, from 1919 in the Philosophical Faculty.It had famous professors like Wilhelm Wundt, Hermann von Helmholtz, Ernst Kraepelin, Karl Jaspers, and Willy Hellpach, who founded in 1941 the Psychology Dept. as an institution by its own.Today there are 11 professors employed who run many research projects, funded by a variety of different agencies, ranging form governmental to the private industry, with a yearly volume of around 1 Mio Euro. Major research themes are related to cognitive, developmental, social, industrial, and clinical themes. Teaching and research is supported by some 20 research assistants and about 5 technical staff. About 300 students are educated in the Bachelor curriculum (completely in German language) and 200 in the Master curriculum (partly in English language). Qualification papers (e.g., Bachelor and Master theses) can be written in English language. About 30 doctoral students are currently under supervision in the department. Homepage from Psychology Department: http://www.psychologie.uni-heidelberg.de
Website  http://www.psychologie.uni-heidelberg.de/ae/allg/forschun/probleml.html
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Institution  University of Helsinki
Research Project Title  Metapopulation biology of the Glanville fritillary butterfly, a model system for population biology
Project description  The long-term and large-scale study of the Glanville fritillary butterfly (Melitaea cinxia) has become a model system for the study of ecological, genetic and evolutionary consequences of habitat fragmentation. This project has also provided stimulation and rich empirical material for the development of spatially realistic modelling approaches. We are currently developing molecular biological and genomics tools to produce an increasingly mechanistic understanding of the individual processes that underpin population processes in fragmented landscapes. At the conceptual level, this projects contributes to the unification of metapopulation ecology, landscape ecology, and evolutionary biology. Duration 6-12 months.
Pre requisites  Students with interest in life-history evolution and functional genomics are encouraged to apply.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences is the largest and most research-oriented biology department in Finland. The section (major) Ecology and Evolutionary Biology has several large and internationally recognized research groups working in metapopulation biology, spatial ecology, evolutionary biology, behavioural ecology, and ecological genetics. The Department of Biology and Environmental Sciences is located in new buildings in the Viikki campus east of downtown Helsinki (http://www.helsinki.fi/biosci/)"
Website  www.helsinki.fi/science/metapop
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Institution  University of Helsinki
Research Project Title  Molecular regulation of animal development
Project description  The groups in the research program are interested to study the mechanisms controlling the devel-opment of animal embryos at the gene and molecular level. Particular interest is the signaling mole-cules and their receptors driving embryonic development and their modulation by transgenic tech-nologies and other experimental methods. Cell interactions regulating patterning, organogenesis and stem cell differentiation are areas of special expertise of the groups. Of special interest in the pro-gram is the interface between developmental and evolutionary biology, evo-devo, as well as medi-cal implications of developmental biology. The program includes eight research groups with a staff of 50 people. Four groups use mouse as the model animal and two use the fruit fly Drosophila. The methods used include both classic methods of experimental embryology and modern molecular biology techniques including the genetic analy-sis of mutant mice and flies. see also: http://www.biocenter.helsinki.fi/devsignalnet/index.htm
Pre requisites  Good knowledge in two of the following areas:developmental biology/ cell biology/genetics/evolutionary biology
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Institute of Biotechnology is an active and international research institute of the University of Helsinki and is situated in the creative environment of the Viikki Biocenter. The Institute has a total personnel of 400 with 100 foreign scientists. The technical resources are excellent. The Institute of-fers core facilities in DNA sequencing and synthesis, as well as peptide and protein analysis. There is a well functioning transgenic mouse facility, and excellent modern light and electron microscopy core facilities. In addition there are well-equipped units for histology, tissue and cell culture, and in situ hybridization. The Research Program in Developmental Biology is one of the three Research programmes of the Institute of Biotechnology and it includes 8 independent research groups. These groups form the core of the Center of Excellence in Research of the Academy of Finland 2002-2007 (http://www.biocenter.helsinki.fi/dev_coe/).
Website  http://www.biocenter.helsinki.fi/bi/research_dev.htm
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Experimental Projects in Atmospheric and Climate Research: Development and Application of Isotope Techniques
Project description  Atmospheric and climate research are hot science topics because of the great relevance for society. The atmospheric physics and chemistry group (APCG) of IMAU combines field measurements, laboratory measurements and modelling to improve our understanding of the atmosphere. Our specialty is the development and application of analytical techniques to measure the isotopic composition of trace species in the atmosphere. This isotope information allows distinguishing different sources and sinks of trace compounds, which provides information that is not possible with other techniques. We always have new research projects available, where students build or apply new analytical equipment. Everyone that works in our lab gets hands-on experience with state-of the art analysis techniques in atmospheric sciences. Depending on the project, there is also a possibility to take part in scientific field campaigns. Undergraduate students will generally be supervised by a PhD student or PostDoc and a permanent staff member. Minimum duration for an undergraduate research project is 6 months. At present two places would be available. The students should have at least basic knowledge of atmospheric physics and chemistry and a strong interest in atmospheric processes. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  The students should have at least basic knowledge of atmospheric physics and chemistry and a strong interest in atmospheric processes.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research, Utrecht University (IMAU) was established on 24 September 1991 as a university research institute. It is based in the Faculty of Physics and Astronomy, with a significant contribution from the Faculty of Geosciences. The study of environmental change and possible implications for mankind is one field in which fundamental knowledge of the atmosphere and the oceans is applied. The mission of the IMAU is to contribute to the basic science of the atmosphere, oceans and cryosphere. The research and teaching program is built around five themes: (1) Ice and climate, (2) Ocean circulation and climate, (3) Atmospheric physics and chemistry (4) Atmospheric dynamics and boundary-layer meteorology, and (5) Physical geography and oceanography of the coastal zone. The proposed student projects will be available within the atmospheric physics and chemistry theme in the group of Prof. Dr. Thomas Röckmann.
Website  http://www.projects.science.uu.nl/atmosphereclimate/research.php
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Chemical Hydrogen Storage
Project description  Worldwide growing energy demands make it necessary to develop hydrogen (H2) storage devices for its use as a common fuel. Its reversible storage in form of chemical compounds would in particular be appropriate to circum-vent the disadvantages of the direct use of H2 gas bearing considerable han-dling risks. Major research efforts have been devoted to use amine boranes for storage purposes, which however require catalysts for reversible storage/release cycles. Non-noble metal would be highly preferred as catalysts, which how-ever require development for this specific task at optimum conditions. Three detailed projects are available dealing with this matter, in which the hydrogen molecule gets catalytically activated and transferred to unsaturated amine borane type compounds or released from those. The projects consist of mainly preparative and analytical lab work, literature work and reporting. The project will be available per Spring 2015.
Pre requisites  3rd year students of chemistry or bachelor students of chemistry.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Institute of Inorganic Chemistry (IIC) is an institute of basic research and teaching at all academic levels. It is part of the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics at the University of Zurich. IIC employs around 10 administrative and technical staff and over 50 scientists. IIC is directed by Prof. Heinz Berke. The faculty consists of two full professors, two assistant professors and five group leaders. Approximately 40 PhD and Master students are preparing their Theses. The institute is equipped with a top set of instrumentation for chemical research and offers an intense teaching programme. The official languages of the institute are English and German.
Website  http://www.systbot.uzh.ch/index_en.html
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Finding key mechanisms of the destructive process in joints of patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Project description  The main fields of research include the molecular and cellular basis of joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis and involve especially the search for novel genes and their signalling pathways (“Functional Genomics”). Special emphasis is given to the epigenetic mechanisms of gene regulation, including methylation, acetylation, sumoylation and microRNA. The Center is equipped with the state of the art technology in molecular biology and has established a molecular biology training course, twice a year, to train new international research fellows in cloning, sequencing, cell-culture, cell-sorting (FACS), TaqMan Real Time PCR, primer design, in situ PCR, CHIP, analysis of acetylation, methylation and miRNAs, in situ hybridization and immunohistology.
Pre requisites  Undergraduate education in Basic Sciences or Medical Studies. Participation in an ongoing research project is possible for 5-11 months (1-2 semesters).
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Center of Experimental Rheumatology is integrated into the Rheumatology Clinic at the University Hospital in Zurich. Within the Faculty of Medicine, it is also part of the Zurich Center of Integrative Human Physiology (ZIHP), an interdisciplinary center of competence, which promotes research and education and links basic and clinical-oriented research of different fields. As a leading center in the field of Rheumatology and based on its scientific output in original research publications, the Center of Experimental Rheumatology was selected by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) as a ‘Center of Excellence’ from 2005-2015. Internationally, the center has been integrated into the major rheumatology networks of the European Union such as the Marie Curie Research Training Network (2004-2007) and the AUTOCURE project (2006-2011), and is now part of the FP7 Masterswitch (2008-2013) , the BTCure (2011-2016) and Osteoimmun (2012-2016).
Website  http://www.rheumatologie.usz.ch/LehreUndForschung/Forschung/ExperimentalRheumatology/Seiten/default.aspx
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Scrittori italiani del '900 in esilio
Project description  La cattedra di Letteratura Italiana (Prof. Dr. Tatiana Crivelli) dell'Universita di Zurigo offre la possibilita di partecipare al progetto di ricerca dal titolo "Scrittori italiani del '900 in esilio", che si propone di affrontare, attraverso lo studio filologico dei materiali di archivio conservati nei fondi della Zentralbibliothek, la produzione dei fuoriusciti italiani a Zurigo nel secolo XX. La descrizione dettagliata del progetto terra conto di specifici interessi individuali e verra concordata una volta in sede. I materiali elaborati serviranno tra l'altro per l'allestimento di una mostra in occasione del giubileo per i 175 anni dell'Universita. Oltre al lavoro di ricerca e allaiuto nell''allestimento della mostra, il progetto implica la frequenza di due corsi connessi, la redazione di un lavoro scritto, nonche il superamento di un esame orale.
Pre requisites  ottima conoscenza dell "italiano, disponibilit" a lavorare in gruppo, interesse e conoscenze in letteratura italiana moderna e contemporanea, interesse a lavorare su materiali d'archivio e autografi.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  La sezione di italianistica fa parte del Seminario di lingue e letterature romanze (Romanisches Seminar) dell'Universita di Zurigo. Fondato nel 1894, il Romanisches Seminar garantisce tutta la varieta di infrastrutture e di saperi accumulata in oltre un secolo di tradizione. Con 4 cattedre (2 di linguistica e 2 di letteratura) la Sezione di italianistica dell' Universita di Zurigo fra le sedi di riferimento piu importanti degli studi italianistici fuori d'Italia. Le lezioni si svolgono in lingua italiana. Corsi di appoggio per le persone non di madrelingua, sono offerti regolarmente. L'offerta didattica nell'ambito dell'italianistica prevede ca. 35 corsi ogni semestre. L'elenco e la descrizione dei corsi attuali si trovano sulla homepage dell'istituto: www.rose.unizh.ch (per i corsi degli ultimi due anni: www.rose.unizh.ch/archiv.html, alla voce Romanix).
Website  www.rose.unizh.ch/archiv.html, alla voce Romanix).
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Basic clinical epidemiological research
Project description  During the research a clinical epidemiological study will be designed and conducted in one of the clinical research fields of interest of the Julius Center. The target is submission of a research paper to a Journal Editor. Prior basic training in epidemiological and biostatistical methods; basic knowledge of and basic skills in design of clinical medical research, in particular clinical epidemiological research. Familiar with basic theory of design, data collection and data analyses for etiological, diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic research. Project is available in the Fall and Spring semester. Minimum duration of participation is 3 months, preferably 6 months.
Pre requisites  See research project description
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care is part of the University Medical Center Utrecht, and carries out groundbreaking research in the field of medicine and health sciences with a strong clinically oriented focus. The Julius Center contributes to the five main research programs of the Utrecht University Medical Center: heart- and vascular disease, infectious diseases, cancer, mental health, and imaging. The scientific disciplines of the center are: Clinical Epidemiology, General Practice, Medical Technology Assessment, Public Health, Nursing and Nutrition. The Clinical Epidemiology staff of the Julius Center offers the possibility for Euroscholars projects. More information can be found at: www.juliuscenter.nl.
Website  www.juliuscenter.nl
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Advanced clinical epidemiological research
Project description  During the research an empirical study on clinical epidemiological methods will be designed and conducted. This project will relate more to epidemiological methods than to a particular clinical research fields of interest of the Julius Center. The target is submission of a research paper to a Journal Editor. Prior advanced training in epidemiological and biostatistical methods; advanced knowledge of and skills in advanced methods of clinical medical research, in particular clinical epidemiological research. Experience with theory of design, data collection and data analyses for etiological, diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic research. Prior experience in writing research papers. Project is available in Fall and Spring semester. Duration of participation in the project is minumum 3 months, preferably 6 months.
Pre requisites  See project description
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care is part of the University Medical Center Utrecht, and carries out groundbreaking research in the field of medicine and health sciences with a strong clinically oriented focus. The Julius Center contributes to the five main research programs of the Utrecht University Medical Center: heart- and vascular disease, infectious diseases, cancer, mental health, and imaging. The scientific disciplines of the center are: Clinical Epidemiology, General Practice, Medical Technology Assessment, Public Health, Nursing and Nutrition. The Clinical Epidemiology staff of the Julius Center offers the possibility for Euroscholars projects. More information can be found at: www.juliuscenter.nl.
Website  www.juliuscenter.nl
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  The Future of Europe and the euro-transatlantic relations
Project description  European integration ? in its multiple manifestations ? represents the main object of research and analysis at the C?A?P. Current projects focus on efficient EU governance, the constitutional process and questions of legitimacy within the EU, as well as "greater Europe" and its global responsibilities. Furthermore, the Center analyzes foreign and security policy in Southern and Eastern Europe, conflicts in the Middle East, as well as the EU's global role as a partner for the United States and Asia.
Pre requisites  Language skills in German
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Center for Applied Policy Research is the largest university-based institution in Germany for political advising on European and international issues. It was founded in 1995 by Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Werner Weidenfeld as a home for practice-oriented, externally-financed research, aligned with the chair for political systems and European unification of Munich?s Geschwister-Scholl Institute for Political Science at the Ludwig-Maximilian University. The C.A.P. draws its operating funds from projects and partnerships with foundations, government institutions and corporations. The Center brings together academic understanding in order to work out strategies and options for current issues in politics. The Center?s Research Groups and projects combine international and interdisciplinary analysis with concrete suggestions for political practice.
Website  www.cap-lmu.de
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Video analysis of English language classrooms
Project description  The Interaction between teachers and learners is highly complex. Video-based analysis can shed light on this complexity. The project aims to analyze the essential teaching exchange in the language classroom by looking at discourse sequences (e.g. teacher questions-student aswers-teacher feedback), at verbal and non-verbal behaviour of teachers (e.g. teacher language, instructional moves) and learners (e.g. turn-taking, reaction to other learners'contributions) and at particular learners (e.g. case studies of learners with multilingual backgrounds). The use of classroom videos for teacher education and professional development is a further area of research. contact person is Prof. Dr. Friederike Klippel
Pre requisites  some basic knowlegde of German, familiarity with analytical methods (e.g. discourse analysis, video analysis) and conventions of data transcriptions would be an advantage.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The dept. of British and American Studies provides teaching programmes for future teachers of English as a foreign language as well as programmes in the fields of literature, linguistics and cultural studies with a focus on the UK, the US and other English-speaking cultures. Research areas comprise modern linguistics (esp. pragmatics and cognitive linguistics), historical linguistics, literary studies from medieval to modern times with special emphasis on Shakespeare, Romanticism, 20th century literature and postcolonial literature, cultural history of America, history of American literature and the fiel of ELT (Elish language teaching) and TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of other languages.)
Website  http://www.anglistik.uni-muechen.de/abteilungen/didaktik/index/html
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Diversity in ageing labour markets and organisations.
Project description  The project deals with a series of research questions related to the ageing of the labour force and of organisations and the consequences of this ageing, including new opportunities for non-traditional groups in the labour market and the need for additional human capital investment.
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge of basic labour market theory (human capital theory, discrimination theories, segmentation theory) and proper knowledge of statistical methods for the social sciences (preferably SPSS)
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Utrecht School of Economics (USE) was set up in large measure to establish an institute in which multidisciplinary economics would have sufficient breathing space to develop novel insights in economic structures, processes and behaviour. USE endeavours to be an internationally oriented scholarly institution that engages in high-quality research in the field of economics while stimulating multidisciplinary co-operation by gearing its research to the Institutional, Historical and Spatial dimensions (IHS-dimensions) of economic problems and by focusing attention on problems relevant to society. The IHS-dimensions show how the frontiers of the economics discipline can be crossed in order to explore the contributions of other disciplines to the solutions of economic problems. Researchers are stimulated to make use of the insights and approaches of other disciplines and to examine what consequences their contributions have for existing economic methods, theories and solutions.
Website  http://www.uu.nl/uupublish/17652main.html
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Pricing corporate default risk in the Credit Default Swap (CDS) market
Project description  A relatively new financial instrument to transfer and price credit risk is the credit default swap (CDS). A CDS offers protection on default of a credit, comparable to credit insurance, by requiring a regular fee to be paid, the premium or CDS spread, in exchange for compensation in case of default. CDS spreads are increasingly accepted as appropriate measures of individual firms credit risk. The project aims at investigating the development and determinants of CDS spreads for major industrial and financial corporations across the (developed) world using daily data from roughly 2000 to 2006. More particularly, spreads are decomposed into one or more common factors and idiosyncratic determinants. Assuming that the CDS market appropriately prices each firm's riskiness into the CDS spreads, differences between firms may arise from two sources. On the one hand, a firm's risk level may be affected by a common (market) shock differently from other firms due to different underlying characteristics. On the other hand a firm's risk level may change due to own shocks that do not influence the market as a whole. The analysis allows the distinction of regional and national effects as well as sectoral (industrial) effects. The final purpose of the analysis is not only to assess the default probabilities of individual firms, but more generally to evaluate the stability of financial markets and to possibly identify the sources and transmission of contagion effects. An example of this type of research can be found in the paper Financial Stability in European Banking: the Role of Common Factors' on my website (http://www.uu.nl/leg/staff/CJMKool/0). The paper has been published under the same name in the Open Economies Review, vol. 17, nr4-5, December 2006, pp. 525-540. The first 3 months of the study period may be used to do coursework to fulfil the basic requirements or to extend basic knowledge to a higher level. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge of finance, in particular asset pricing, and econometrics (time series and panel analysis). Duration of participation in the project is 6 months, the last half at least should be devoted to actual research (Applied Economic Research crs).
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Utrecht School of Economics (USE) was set up in large measure to establish an institute in which multidisciplinary economics would have sufficient breathing space to develop novel insights in economic structures, processes and behaviour. USE endeavours to be an internationally oriented scholarly institution that engages in high-quality research in the field of economics while stimulating multidisciplinary co-operation by gearing its research to the Institutional, Historical and Spatial dimensions (IHS-dimensions) of economic problems and by focusing attention on problems relevant to society. The IHS-dimensions show how the frontiers of the economics discipline can be crossed in order to explore the contributions of other disciplines to the solutions of economic problems. Researchers are stimulated to make use of the insights and approaches of other disciplines and to examine what consequences their contributions have for existing economic methods, theories and solutions.
Website  http://www.uu.nl/leg/staff/CJMKool/0
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  International Capital Flows, Net Foreign Assets and Real Exchange Rates
Project description  The analysis of the sustainability of retirement funding systems is a hot topic in most industrialized countries which see their populations age at a rapid pace. An underdeveloped issue in the literature is the potential role of international capital mobility. Theoretically, international capital mobility allows the citizens of a country to smooth macroeconomic consumption across time. Countries with aging populations can save for some period through investment in other countries and subsequently start to consume when large fractions of the population retire. However, recent research raises questions on the feasibility and optimality of intertemporal consumption smoothing through international (financial) markets. This project will investigate the issue from different perspectives. The project is part of a larger research network in the Netherlands about the consequences of ageing, called NETSPAR. The first 3 months of the study period may be used to do coursework to fulfil the basic requirements or to extend basic knowledge to a higher level. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester. Period of 6 months, minimal the last half being devoted to actual research (in framework of Applied Economics research course).
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge of international macroeconomics and econometrics (time series and panel analysis). Preferably also basic knowledge in (international) asset pricing.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Utrecht School of Economics (USE) was set up in large measure to establish an institute in which multidisciplinary economics would have sufficient breathing space to develop novel insights in economic structures, processes and behaviour. USE endeavours to be an internationally oriented scholarly institution that engages in high-quality research in the field of economics while stimulating multidisciplinary co-operation by gearing its research to the Institutional, Historical and Spatial dimensions (IHS-dimensions) of economic problems and by focusing attention on problems relevant to society. The IHS-dimensions show how the frontiers of the economics discipline can be crossed in order to explore the contributions of other disciplines to the solutions of economic problems. Researchers are stimulated to make use of the insights and approaches of other disciplines and to examine what consequences their contributions have for existing economic methods, theories and solutions.
Website  www.netspar.nl
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Condensed Matter Physics
Project description  Relevant websites on which projects are available in detail: Information about the ongoing research in the field of Condensed Matter Physics can be found at: http://www.physics.leidenuniv.nl/sections/cm/index.asp The exact content of the project needs to be determined in consultation with the contact person.
Pre requisites  Undergraduate level in Physics and Mathematics.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Leiden Institute of Physics, (LION) (Leids Instituut voor Onderzoek in de Natuurkunde) consists of the Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory, the Institute-Lorentz, and the Huygens Laboratory. The Institute is located next to the other Science Institutes of the University in the Bio-Science Park, a situation that favours interdisciplinary research projects. Its main responsibility is the education and training in research in physics of graduate students and postdoctoral fellows. In addition, it is responsible for the teaching of physics on the BSc and MSc level in the Faculty of Science at Leiden University. The research done at LION can be divided into different domains: - Theoretical Physics - Quantum Optics and Quantum Information - Biological and Molecular Physics - Condensed Matter Physics The various research groups in LION have an outstanding international reputation. They offer an excellent environment for a highly recognised education in physics.
Website  http://www.physics.leidenuniv.nl/sections/cm/index.asp
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Quantum Optics
Project description  Information about the ongoing research in the field of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information can be found at: http://molphys.leidenuniv.nl/qo/index.html The exact content of the project needs to be determined in consultation with the contact person.
Pre requisites  Undergraduate level in Physics and Mathematics.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Leiden Institute of Physics, (LION) (Leids Instituut voor Onderzoek in de Natuurkunde) consists of the Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory, the Institute-Lorentz, and the Huygens Laboratory. The Institute is located next to the other Science Institutes of the University in the Bio-Science Park, a situation that favours interdisciplinary research projects. Its main responsibility is the education and training in research in physics of graduate students and postdoctoral fellows. In addition, it is responsible for the teaching of physics on the BSc and MSc level in the Faculty of Science at Leiden University. The research done at LION can be divided into different domains: - Theoretical Physics - Quantum Optics and Quantum Information - Biological and Molecular Physics - Condensed Matter Physics The various research groups in LION have an outstanding international reputation. They offer an excellent environment for a highly recognised education in physics.
Website  http://molphys.leidenuniv.nl/qo/index.html
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Evolutionary Biology
Project description  Our central theme is to develop a more complete and integrated understanding of the evolution of adaptive traits. Our research focuses on the causal, functional and historical explanations of variation of populations and species, both in space and time. Evolutionary and ecological issues are investigated by use of experimental research. We use a multi-disciplinary approach based on the tropical butterfly, Bicyclus anynana. Both wing pattern and life history traits in this butterfly are studied. Many of these traits express dramatic phenotypic plasticity in response to dry-wet seasonal environments in Africa. The species can be readily and rapidly reared in the laboratory. We continuously rear a variety of stocks, mutant lines and selected lines. In addition, this species can be readily sampled and studied in the field, and Museum collections of this species-rich genus are freely available. Mapping of phenotypic variation onto variation at the genetic level is crucial to our research. This involves studies of both developmental and physiological mechanisms Research projects: 1.Butterfly and Ladybird Colour Patterns: Constraints,'Evo-Devo' and Gene Phenotype Mapping 2. Evolution of Phenotypic Plasticity: Norms of Reaction, Life History Traits and Physiological Mechanisms
Pre requisites  A profound knowledge of evolutionary biology and population genetics is necessary
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Institute of Biology (IBL) brings together biologists working in many different subdisciplines (from ecology to evolutionary biology to molecular biology and metabolomics). Research focuses on different levels, from molecule to cell , to organism to population. Studies deal with microorganisms, plants ,fungi and animals (mainly insects and fish). Details can be found at the website of the IBL
Website  http://www.biology.leidenuniv.nl/ibl/sections.shtml
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Materials for Repair and Restauration of Historical Buildings
Project description  The project concerns the study of mineral binders, applied in grouts for the consolidation injection of ancient buildings and masonry monuments. The binders are blends of hydrated lime, cement and pozzolana. The flow properties of the fresh mixtures will be studied, as well as the hardening reactions and the development of microstructures in the mortars. Variable curing conditions will be studied, according to the exposure conditions in real monuments. Site visits and following up of restoration works are included. Experimental techniques include thermo-gravimetrical analysis, calorimetry, SEM-microscopical analysis, mechanical and physical testing. The students will learn to integrate scientific research in structural design of restoration projects. Project is only available in Spring semester.
Pre requisites  4th bachelors of Science in civiol engineering/in architecture.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Civil Engineering dept. is composed of 6 research groups focussing on: Structural Mechanics: structural dynamics, particularly on dynamic soil-structure interaction problems and dynamic system identification of civil engineering structures. Building Materials & Building Technology:concrete, masonry and polymers, incl. non-destructive testing, probabilistic evaluation of structures, and cement chemistry. Natural Resources:rock mechanics geostatistics and geophysics. Hydraulics Laboratory:urban hydrology and hydraulics, integrated river catchment modelling and flood and flooding control, morphological processes in rivers and estuaries, interaction of waves and currents. Building Physics focuses on heat & mass transfer in building parts, energy demand & energy use, durability of building materials, sound insulation, acoustics & noise control. Traffic Engineering & Infrastructure Planning:traffic modesl and alternative traffic systems.
Website  http://www.kuleuven.be/bwk/materials/index.htm
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  A comparative study of multiple-instance learning algorithms
Project description  This project is situated in the area of artificial intelligence, more specifically machine learning. In the multiple-instance learning setting, a set of couples (Si,yi) with Si={xi1, xi2, ..., xik} is given, with the property that there exists a function f such that in each Si there is an xij such that f(xik)=yi. The task is to learn f. Think of drug design: if a molecule is "active" this means at least one of its multiple spatial configurations is active. Learning f amounts to learning which part of which configurations explains the activity. Many methods for multiple-instance learning have been proposed recently, yet little is known about their ability to learn f: evaluations have mostly focused on other qualities. The goal of this project is to investigate how well multiple-instance learners approximate f. This is an excellent opportunity to perform fundamental research in one of Europe's largest and most active machine learning labs.
Pre requisites  bachelor in informatics, with some background in algorithms, mathematics, and artificial intelligence.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Computer Science or Informatics is a relative young discipline. The impact on our modern society is however huge; computers can be found everywhere and so is software. And software-development makes up the essence of the education and research activities of the department of Computer Science. The K.U.Leuven, stimulated by Prof. Ludo Buyst, already started in 1971 with the Master of engineering in Computer Science within the former division of Applied Mathematics. In 1981 the department of Computer Science was established within the Faculty of Engineering. Since the department has constantly grown and now counts more than 150 employees. The department focuses on Bachelor and Master programmes in engineering: Computer Science. Together with the Faculty of Science, it organises the Bachelor and Master in Informatics. The department is also involved in the organisation of other Master courses as Mathematical Engineering Techniques and Artificial Intelligence.
Website  http://www.cs.kuleuven.ac.be/~dtai/
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Behavioral Biology
Project description  The research has a strong focus on animal communication, with birdsong as our main model system. Bird song provides an ideal and fascinating system: Bird songs are prominent and complex signals crucial in determing an individuals fitness. They mediate male-male competition and female choice, conveying different types of information about the sender to receivers, one of our research topics. Across avian taxa, songs may or may not be acquired by learning, involving sophisticated and well delineated special adaptations of the brain. This makes bird song an important model for comparative cognitive research that may inform us about human speech and language, another one of our topics. Song (as a behaviour) is open to detailed quantitative analyses as well as experimental manipulation, and can be studied both in the field and in the laboratory. Another area of interest is the impact of anthropogenic noise on birds and fish. Research projects can be done in the areas indicated. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester. However, a placement in the Spring semester can not be guaranteed, due to the limited places available.
Pre requisites  A good knowledge of behavioural biology is necessary
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The research has a strong focus on animal communication, with birdsong as our main model system. Birds's song provides an ideal and fascinating system: Birds's songs are prominent and complex signals crucial in determing an individuals fitness, they mediate male-male competition and female choice, conveying different types of information about the sender to receivers. Across avian taxa , songs may or may not be acquired by learning, involving sophisticated and well delineated special adaptations of the brain. The unusual high localisation of the neural substrate have songbirds firmly established as one of the neurobiological models of vertebrate learning. This is also due to the fact that song (as a behaviour) is open to detailed quantitative analyses as well as experimental manipulation, and can be studied both in the field and in the laboratory. Research projects: 1.Evolution of communication signals: proximate and ultimate factors. 2.Learning processes, behavioural development and evolution.
Website  http://www.biology.leidenuniv.nl/ibl/sections.shtml
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Molecular Cell Biology
Project description  The section Molecular Cell Biology studies recognition of the environment by developing vertebrate cells. Zebrafish is used as the major test organism and compared with the human system. We focus on the function of B-linked glycan signal molecules that play a role in innate immunity and embryo development. Our major objectives are to study the way in which cells can recognize the difference between their own glycan molecules and identical or similar molecules produced by pathogens and to investigate how the recognition of these signal molecules dynamically alters cellular polarity. In particular, we currently focus on the function of signal recognition in the innate immune system Research projects: 1.Analysis of the role of Toll-like receptors and downstream signalling pathways in the recognition of glycan signal molecules involved in innate immunity and embryonic development. 2.The dynamic distribution in membrane micro-domains of Toll-like receptors and G-protein coupled receptors involved in cell polarity changes, including cell migration.
Pre requisites  A profound knowledge of biochemistry and molecular biology is necessary
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Institute of Biology (IBL) brings together biologists working in many different subdisciplines (from ecology to evolutionary biology to molecular biology and metabolomics). Research focuses on different levels, from molecule to cell , to organism to population. Studies deal with microorganisms, plants ,fungi and animals (mainly insects and fish). Details can be found at the website of the IBL
Website  http://www.biology.leidenuniv.nl/ibl/sections.shtml
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Astronomy
Project description  As focus and themes of staff research are continuously evolving, the Sterrewacht does not offer a list of projects. Rather, specific projects may be defined at any time, depending on current staff research, student interest, and actual circumstances. A good guide to general Leiden astronomy research interests may be found at the website. A good guide to general Leiden astronomy research interest may be found at: http://www.strw.leidenuniv.nl/research/index.ph Interested student should contact the Supervisor and state their exprience and preference. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Advanced Majors in Physics, Astrophysics or equivalent, succesfully completed at least one introductory course on Astronomy (the Sackler laboratory will also consider Chemistry students). Students should be prepared to spend a period of at least 3 full months time at the Sterrewacht.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Sterrewacht is an internationally renowned research institute. Some 20 faculty, 20 postdocs, 40 grad. students, and 40 MSc students, of many nationalities work together in the fascinating fields of astronomy and astrophysics. In addition to its excellent scientific reputation, it is also known for its pleasant and active social environment. At the institute, students are considered and treated as junior staff and provided with access to all facilities necessary to carry out high-quality research. Much of this research is tied to observations conducted at the world's foremost observatories, but some groups specialise in theory, large-scale computer simulations, as well as instrument design and building. Within the Sterrewacht, there is a laboratory where researchers and students with backgrounds in physics, chemistry or astronomy study materials under simulated deep-space conditions. Please see: http://www.strw.leidenuniv.nl/research/index.ph for general Leiden astronomy research.
Website  http://www.strw.leidenuniv.nl/research/index.php
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Design & Building Methodology
Project description  Ann Heylighen's research in the Design & Building Methodology division focuses on architects? design process. Her interest is not inspired by an urge for method/systematization, but by the hope that a more articulate understanding of this process will ultimately advance the quality of the built environment by improving the design thereof. Through transdisciplinary research, Ann studies architects design process from multiple perspectives (with colleagues' from psychology, sociology, computer science) and on different levels (micro/cognitive, macro/organisational). She studied, initiated and participated in several initiatives to exploit the knowledge embedded in design projects and processes, including DYNAMO (Dynamic Architectural Memory On-line) and Building Stories, a methodology developed at UCBerkeley to explore the knowledge capital of architectural practice through storytelling. Recently her research focuses on people as sources of design knowledge, by studying designers socio-cultural background, or the role of people with disabilities in realising the Universal Design concept. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Background in Architecture or related design domain.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Faculty of Engineering is a multidisciplinary school forming academic engineers with a sound scientific background, an advanced technical knowledge, a stimulated creativity, a concept oriented approach and with an open view on societal issues. Intensive research is the heart beat for the education programme, as demonstrated by the almost 100 defended PhD theses per year and the large number of research projects. The dept. of Architecture, Uran Planning and Design's mission is to deliver high-end research and education in architecture from its unique position within the engineering faculty. "Architecture" covers the wide range of built environment, planning, design, construction and housing.Its action field interferes with society, professional practice and the scientific discipline. The dept. has a matrix structure with 4 research divisions: Architectural History and Conservation, Design- and Building Methodology, Theory of Urbanism and Architecture, Planning and Development.
Website  http://www2.asro.kuleuven.be/home/heylighen http:\dynamo.asro.kuleuven.be
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Effect of flow on phase separating polymer mixtures
Project description  Many mixtures of high molecular weight polymers are partially miscible, separating into two coexisting phases in some ranges of temperature and concentration. Although the determination of phase diagrams under quiescent conditions is already known for a long time, experimental and theoretical investigations of the phase behavior during flow are relatively scarce. Nevertheless, it has been shown for different blend combinations that both shear induced mixing as well as shear induced demixing can occur. During processing, materials are subjected to high deformation rates. Hence, the knowledge of the phase behavior during processing conditions is required in order to tune the morphology during the subsequent solidification step. Since phase separation occurs throughout different length-scales, the experimental approach consists of monitoring the dynamics of the phase separation process using different techniques. More specifically, small angle light scattering measurements, sensitive to small fluctuations in local concentration, will be the main method in this work. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Chemical thermodynamics, transport phenomena, polymer technology
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Chemical Engineering Dept.is the largest research dept. in Belgium in the field of chemical technology. In Belgium, the chemical industry plays an utmost important role. This industry represents more than 20% of the turnover of the Belgian Industry as a whole and of the total export of the country. The zone surrounding Antwerp is the second largest petrochemical complex in the world. This all is, among others, due to the availability of well trained engineers. They are the chairmen of the Flemish companies, responsible for maintaining their capacity and for innovation and growth in a changing social economic context. To maintain this important competitive advantage, high level scientific research about chemical technology is required, as well as in-depth education and training of civil engineers.The CIT dept. is organised in 3 sub-depts: Chemical and Biochemical Process, technology & control;Applied Physical Chemistry & Environmental Technology;Applied Rheology&Polymer Technology.
Website  http://cit.kuleuven.be/english/index
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Molecular and Developmental Genetics
Project description  The section Molecular and Developmental Genetics uses the plants Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa (rice) and the unicellular eukaryote Saccharomyces cerevisiae as model organisms in its research. Research themes: 1.Transkingdom DNA transfer from Agrobacterium to eukaryotes 2.The phytohormone auxin and plant development 3.Regulatory DNA binding peptides as novel tools for plant functional genomics 4.Gene discovery and molecular breeding for quality traits in rice
Pre requisites  A profound knowledge of biochemistry and molecular biology is necessary
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Institute of Biology (IBL) brings together biologists working in many different subdisciplines (from ecology to evolutionary biology to molecular biology and metabolomics). Research focuses on different levels, from molecule to cell , to organism to population. Studies deal with microorganisms, plants, fungi and animals (mainly insects and fish). Details can be found at the website of the IBL
Website  http://www.biology.leidenuniv.nl/ibl/sections.shtml
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Plant Ecology
Project description  We are interested in identifying and understanding the key processes in the evolution of reproductive traits and defence mechanisms in plants. We study how biotic and abiotic environmental factors influence the fitness of different genotypes (in natural populations) and how these fitness differences lead to genetic change. We start from a theoretical framework. Modelling and determining the direction and strength of selective agents allows us to use experimental data from laboratory and field experiments to test quantitative and qualitative predictions on evolution and optimization. Research projects: 1.The evolutionary ecology of plant reproduction 2.Ecology and evolution of herbivory and plant defence systems
Pre requisites  A profound knowledge of ecology is necessary
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Institute of Biology (IBL) brings together biologists working in many different subdisciplines (from ecology to evolutionary biology to molecular biology and metabolomics). Research focuses on different levels, from molecule to cell , to organism to population. Studies deal with microorganisms, plants, fungi and animals (mainly insects and fish). Details can be found at the website of the IBL
Website  http://www.biology.leidenuniv.nl/ibl/sections.shtml
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Metabolomics
Project description  Plants produce a wide range of secondary metabolites, many of which are economically important fine chemicals such as drugs, flavors, fragrances, dyes, antioxidants and insecticides. The section Metabolomics has as its mission: To find, produce and determine the role of economically important secondary metabolites in plants and unravel their biosynthesis. Research themes: 1. Lead finding for drug development 2. Plant metabolomics 3. Metabolic engineering
Pre requisites  A profound knowledge of biochemistry and molecular biology is necessary
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Institute of Biology (IBL) brings together biologists working in many different subdisciplines (from ecology to evolutionary biology to molecular biology and metabolomics). Research focuses on different levels, from molecule to cell , to organism to population. Studies deal with microorganisms, plants, fungi and animals (mainly insects and fish). Details can be found at the website of the IBL
Website  http://www.biology.leidenuniv.nl/ibl/sections.shtml
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Microbiology
Project description  While growing in their natural environment, fungi have to react continuously on changes occurring in their environment. Fungi have developed a number of different response mechanisms to react on the environmental changes to sustain growth and reproduction. The research aim of the sub-section is focused to unravel the molecular mechanisms which allow the fungus to interact with its environment using genetic, cell-biological and genomics approaches. Our mission is to understand the molecular mechanisms used by the fungus to respond on internal signals like unfolded protein stress and external signals such as cell wall disturbing agents, plant defence signals and sensing of (complex) nutrients in the environment using Aspergillus niger as our model fungus. Research themes: 1. Stress responses in filamentous fungi a) misfolded protein stress b) cell wall stress 2. Sensing and transcriptional regulation of carbohydrate modifying enzymes 3. Establishment and maintenance of polarized cell growth
Pre requisites  A profound knowledge of biochemistry and molecular biology is necessary
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Institute of Biology (IBL) brings together biologists working in many different subdisciplines (from ecology to evolutionary biology to molecular biology and metabolomics). Research focuses on different levels, from molecule to cell , to organism to population. Studies deal with microorganisms, plants, fungi and animals (mainly insects and fish). Details can be found at the website of the IBL
Website  http://www.biology.leidenuniv.nl/ibl/sections.shtml
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Fields of interest: Biomedical Research
Project description  The research areas which determine the LUMC profile are: Immunology & Transplantation Haematology Genetics Epidemiology & Bioinformatics Vascular Medicine Neuroscience Infectious Diseases Ageing Regenerative medicine The Leiden University Biomedical Center offers the possibility for a junior research project within an ongoing research project. Students need to have practical experience in laboratory work, preferably related to the field of (Bio) Medicine. The duration of a project is usually 5 - 9 months (1 or 2 semesters). The start of such a placement depends on the availability of a research position in a particular project and will be determined between the student and the placement coordinator after acceptance. Students should indicate clearly their field of interest on the project agreement form (max. 3 fields). The projects are listed on: http://www.lumc.nl/home/0002/71210071839221/71217094208221/?setlanguage=English&setcountry=en The projects are available for the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Advanced undergraduate education: majoring in Biomedical Science, Pre-Med, Medicine, Biology or closely related field.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Leiden University Medical Centre (LUMC) consists of the Faculty of Medicine and the Academic Hospital. This unit has three major tasks: patient care, education and research. Medicine at Leiden University has an Internationally renowned reputation, that dates back to the 17th century when the famous Herman Boerhaave (1668-1738) introduced bed side teaching to medical students; he was the founder of the first University Hospital (now Boerhaave Museum). Sylvius (1614-1672) tested principles of physiology in his own chemical laboratory; the evidence-based medicine was born. Since then, many internationally celebrated physicians and scientists have contributed to medical education and research.
Website  http://www.lumc.nl/home/0002/71210071839221/71217094208221/?setlanguage=English&setcountry=en
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Molecular mechanisms of DNA damage repair
Project description  Ferrari and his coworkers are focusing on the role of post-translational modifications in the cell cycle and the DNA damage response. Janscak and his group study the biochemistry of DNA helicases of the RecQ family. Jiricny?s group studies the links between mismatch repair and cancer of the colon and endometrium, as well as the roles of the mismatch repair proteins in recombination and DNA damage signaling. Other projects deal with the functional genomics of lung cancer. Lopes and his group will be searching for structures causing replicative stress in cancer cells and Marra's group focuses on the identification of novel markers of transformation of colonic epithelial cells. Muller's group is attempting to elucidate the link between Helicobacter pylori and gastric cancer and Schwendener and coworkers are engaged in a translational research effort dealing with the depletion of macrophages with liposome technology. Practical training in biochemistry, molecular- and cell biology, microscopy and other techniques of modern biology will be provided.
Pre requisites  Practical training in biochemistry, molecular- and cell biology, microscopy and other techniques of modern biology will be provided. Participants of the EUROScholars Program will have the possibility to participate in ongoing research projects for 5-11 months .
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The IMCR is a basic research institute affiliated with the Medical Faculty of the University of Zurich. It is housed on the Irchel Campus of the University, in the immediate vicinity of numerous facilities and technology platforms, ranging from the Functional Genomics Center Zurich, to the Light and Electron Microscopy Center and the animal facilities. The IMCR employs 12 administrative and technical staff and more than 40 scientists. It is directed by Prof. Josef Jiricny. The faculty consists of two assistant professors, Prof. Anne M?ller and Prof. Massimo Lopes, one titular professor, Prof. Reto Schwendener and three group leaders, Dr. Stefano Ferrari, Dr. Pavel Janscak and Dr. Giancarlo Marra. The institute is equipped with cutting-edge facilities of modern biological research, and offers an intensive program of seminars, data- and journal clubs. The official language of the institute is English.
Website  http://www.imcr.uzh.ch/index.html
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Stories of Stagnation: the Brezhnev Years in Post-Soviet Culture
Project description  This project examines the representation of the 'stagnant' years under secretary-general Leonid Brezhnev (1964-1982) in post-Soviet literature, film and the press. The aim is to describe how the reputation of this period as a time of general ossification emerged and, more in particular, how the perceived legacy of this period affected the construction of historical and personal narratives. How are fifty years-old Russians (i.e. who were 'young' in the 1970s) portrayed in contemporary fiction? To what extent are they represented as being deformed by the Soviet past? How valid is the analogy drawn by Grigorii Iavlinksii between Putin?s Russia and the 1970s under Leonid Brezhnev? Finally, how does this affect the intelligentsia's self-image? Possible topics to be explored in more detail are the films Envy of the Gods (Vladimir Menshov, 2000) and Kopeika (Ivan Dykhovichnyi, 2002), or the character of the serial killer in modern pulp fiction.
Pre requisites  good reading knowledge of Russian
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Faculty of Arts provides students and researchers alike with an inspiring atmosphere and ideal circumstances in which to study a multitude of languages and cultures, as well as history and art history. The Faculty of Arts provides a rich environment for research, covering fields of study as diverse as Linguistics, Literature, Philology, History, and the study of Art and Material Culture. Many different historical periods are studied, from ancient to contemporary history. Research is dedicated to a wide variety of regions in the world. Above all, the Faculty of Arts values high-quality research, and strives for oustanding achievement on both an individual level and within research institutes. "
Website  www.slavisch.leidenuniv.nl
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Political Cynicism
Project description  This research project aims to answer basic questions about political cynicism and its effects and origins. What is political cynicism and can can we measure it? What effects does a high degree of political cynicism have on political cohesion including political participation? How can we explain variance in political cynicism? Ultimately the research project's aim is to develop a political cynicism explanatory theory. Project is only available in Fall semester.
Pre requisites  Political Science bachelor or major, including courses on Methods and Statistics and Political Psychology
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Department of Political Science current research programme is primarily concerned with the analysis of institutions, in the broadest sense of that term. In common with the international political science literature, the department defines institutions in a very broad sense. That is, the department recognises that political institutions are more than the simple aggregations of individual political activity, but provide the rules and pay-off structures that constrain individual behaviour, and that also contribute to the formation of political preferences. In this programme political institutions are therefore analysed both as dependent variables (in terms of their formation and design) and as independent variables (in terms of their impact on the attitudes, behaviour and values of political actors). Moreover, within this broad definition, we also pay particular attention to the normative and theoretical aspects of institutions, and thus we devote a substantial part of the research pr
Website  http://www.socialsciences.leidenuniv.nl/politicalscience/research.jsp
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Islamophobia
Project description  The aim of this research project is to answer basic questions about Islamophobia and its effects and origins. What is Islamophobia and can we measure it? Is Islamophobia a key variable in explaining ethnic exclusionism and discrimination of Muslims? How can we explain variance in Islamophobia, i.e. what are its origins? Ultimately we want to develop a Islamophobia explanatory theory. The project is only available in the Fall semester
Pre requisites  Political Science bachelor or major, including courses on Methods and Statistics and Political Psychology
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Department of Political Science current research programme is primarily concerned with the analysis of institutions, in the broadest sense of that term. In common with the international political science literature, the department defines institutions in a very broad sense. That is, the department recognises that political institutions are more than the simple aggregations of individual political activity, but provide the rules and pay-off structures that constrain individual behaviour, and that also contribute to the formation of political preferences. In this programme political institutions are therefore analysed both as dependent variables (in terms of their formation and design) and as independent variables (in terms of their impact on the attitudes, behaviour and values of political actors).
Website  http://www.socialsciences.leidenuniv.nl/politicalscience/research.jsp
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Projects in Cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience
Project description  Research projects are always designed individually, tailored to the interests of the student and the expertise of the supervisor. Most basic research projects are located in the areas of the attention, cognition, action control, creativity, and self-representation, whereas applied research projects often address drug effects, cognitive effects of religion, decision-making, risk, and safety issues. Most staff members of the Cognitive Psychology Unit are available as supervisors, more information is available from the internship coordinator. Examples of typical projects can be found here: http://media.leidenuniv.nl/legacy/Research_Master_July_2008.pdf.
Pre requisites  solid knowledge about cognitive psychology and/or cognitive neuroscience, and basic knowledge about research design and statistics.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Cognitive Psychology Unit of the Psychology Department. The unit has an international reputation for excellence in basic and applied research on attention, cognition, and action. It owns a number of dedicated laboratories, such as numerous experimental testing rooms for the study of young and old healthy subjects and patients and an infant laboratory for the study of the development of voluntary action, and has access to state-of-the-art electrophysiological and MRI laboratories for the neuro-scientific study of cognitive processes. Research students are provided with their own laboratory space including six testing rooms, dedicated work places for the development of psychological experiments, and a discussion room. The unit has a very lively research culture, with many ongoing undergraduate and Ph.D. student research projects, several working groups with regular lab meetings students, and it houses researchers from numerous countries.
Website  http://socialsciences.leiden.edu/psychology/organisation/cognitivepsychology/
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Social Decision Making
Project description  Situations of social interdependence often depict mixed-motive conflicts. For example, bargainers face a conflict between competing to increase their own outcomes and to cooperate. Employees face conflicts between furthering the organizational goals and pursuing conflicting personal goals. Which of these conflicting motives is most important for the decisions that people make, often depends on identity processes. These determine whether people primarily focus on their identity as independent individuals, or whether they are highly aware of their collective identity and joint goals. Motivated behavior in situations of interdependence is often governed by situation-specific norms, like social responsibility norms, commitment norms, and fairness concerns. The research program seeks to unravel how self-interest and normative concerns jointly operate to affect social decision making. The primary focus is on theoretical development. For this purpose, the research group also attends to the mutual influence of theory and application. Much of the research is conducted by means of basic and experimental (lab) research. In addition, research in more applied settings is conducted using alternative research methods like field research, surveys and questionnaire studies.
Pre requisites  advanced knowledge of social & organizational psychology and methods of psychological research
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Research programs in the Dept of Psychology: 1."Action control" aims at conceptualizing and investigating cognitive processes with respect to their ultimate function: the control of voluntary action. 2."Social decision making" examines how different motives stemming from interdependencies between individuals influence the way they process information and make decisions in social contexts. 3."Self-regulation models for health behavior and psychopathology" has an emphasis on self-regulation and stress-coping theories, and investigates the modification of cognitions as a possible mediator of therapeutic change in more applied clinical research settings. 4."Developmental pathways of social-emotional and cognitive functioning" comprises the study of the developmental course of motivated cognition and the role of motivated cognition in developmental outcomes. 5."Multivariate analysis of psychological data, aims to develop new statistical tools to analyze complex data.
Website  https://studiegids.leidenuniv.nl/en/
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Biological and Molecular Physics
Project description  Relevant websites on which projects are available in detail: Information about the ongoing research in the field of Biological Physics can be found at: http://www.biophys.leidenuniv.nl/ Information about the ongoing research in the field of Molecular Nano-Optics and Spins can be found at: http://www.monos.leidenuniv.nl/ The exact content of the project needs to be determined in consultation with the contact person.
Pre requisites  Undergraduate level in Physics and Mathematics
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Leiden Institute of Physics, (LION) (Leids Instituut voor Onderzoek in de Natuurkunde) consists of the Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory, the Institute-Lorentz, and the Huygens Laboratory. The Institute is located next to the other Science Institutes of the University in the Bio-Science Park, a situation that favours interdisciplinary research projects. Its main responsibility is the education and training in research in physics of graduate students and postdoctoral fellows. In addition, it is responsible for the teaching of physics on the BSc and MSc level in the Faculty of Science at Leiden University. The research done at LION can be divided into different domains: - Theoretical Physics - Quantum Optics and Quantum Information - Biological and Molecular Physics - Condensed Matter Physics The various research groups in LION have an outstanding international reputation. They offer an excellent environment for a highly recognised education in physics.
Website  http://www.biophys.leidenuniv.nl/ & http://www.monos.leidenuniv.nl/
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Design of porous membranes for micro-electronic systems (MEMS)
Project description  Encapsulation is a major challenge for Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS). The need for a better process led to the idea of encapsulating MEMS devices with a porous membrane. This facilitates the manufacturing of devices, as it avoids the need to shape the membrane using lithography because the device could be released through the porous membrane. The porous membrane would be made in a two-step process. First a layer of polymer particles will be deposited by electrophoretic deposition. The deposited particles are heated slightly to fuse them together. Metal is subsequently electrodeposited through this layer to obtain a metal coating with micro porosities defined by the polymer particles. The size of the pores is determined by the size of the particles. Particles can be obtained commercially in sizes that range from tens of nanometer to micrometers. It is believed that a porous membrane could be grown in this way which allows the release and subsequent encapsulation of MEMS devices. However, the influence of the synthesis conditions and the mechanical properties of the metal membrane are unknown. Therefore literature study and experimental work have to be done. This training is an excellent opportunity to learn more about the technologically important and exciting world of MEMS! The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester. Period for research: 6-12 months.
Pre requisites  Creative and analytical mind with sound engineering skills
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The MTM Dept. is a regular research partner of industry in the fields of metallurgy and materials engineering. The combination of thorough fundamental research coupled with our broad range of expertise, delivers innovative ideas, helping to gain major advantages. Modern, advanced and well-maintained equipment reduces project time and cost and increases accuracy and strongly motivates researchers. A dynamic team spirit and cross-discipline knowledge sharing, stimulate our international outstanding research teams in their constant search for improved methods and innovative technologies.Project management is an art at MTM. Great management is also an essential ingredient in creating solid service for industry. Senior staff closely monitor the work of junior researchers to ensure a high level of professionalism and to teach the skills of sound project management: result-driven and cost-conscious. MTM is the largest education centre in Belgium in Materials Engineering, for BSc,MSc, & PhD.
Website  http://www.cs.kuleuven.be/index-E.shtml
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Local failure and damage criteria for structurally stitched carbon-fibre composites
Project description  The experimental and finite-element analysis of structurally stitched non-crimp fabrics (NCF) for advanced aeronautical applications is a hot topic for the moment. In NCF's, several fibrous plies are placed in a pile and then stitched together using a thin polyester thread. For a practical use, several NCF layers are usually stitched together with a thicker thread, which improves the fracture toughness, shear, and out-of plane strength. The proposed thesis project is the part of broader industry-oriented efforts to develop analysis methods and simulation tools for NCF composites. The results of the M.Sc. thesis will eventually be implemented in the new version of WiseTex textile modeling software. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester. Duration of a research project 6-12 months. The practical tasks are the following: - Produce images of cross-sections of stitched NCF composites (using an optical microscopy or microCT); - Analyze the images and statistically process the results; - Perform a finite-element modelling for different stitching cases.
Pre requisites  Creative and analytical mind with sound engineering skills.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The MTM Dept. is a regular research partner of industry in the fields of metallurgy and materials engineering. The combination of thorough fundamental research coupled with our broad range of expertise, delivers innovative ideas, helping to gain major advantages. Modern, advanced and well-maintained equipment reduces project time and cost and increases accuracy and strongly motivates researchers. A dynamic team spirit and cross-discipline knowledge sharing, stimulate our international outstanding research teams in their constant search for improved methods and innovative technologies.Project management is an art at MTM. Great management is also an essential ingredient in creating solid service for industry. Senior staff closely monitor the work of junior researchers to ensure a high level of professionalism and to teach the skills of sound project management: result-driven and cost-conscious. MTM is the largest education centre in Belgium in Materials Engineering, for BSc,MSc, & PhD.
Website  http://www.mtm.kuleuven.be/English/
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Mechanical Engineering & Industrial Management
Project description  The field of activity of the department is wide, (see website). Several research subjects will be offered to students, such as: Design and development of micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) for several applications: design, analysis and production technology are relevant aspects in this work. Design and development of a human powered aircraft, (air bicycle), that is driven by human powered propeller: this task involves mechanical design in aeronautics. Development of design analysis tools (finite element analysis) with uncertain parameters: methods of fuzzy arithmetic will be used to extend the deterministic finite element codes. The project is NOT available during 15 July - 15 August.
Pre requisites  Mechanical design, preferably design analysis, and programming (Matlab)
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The mission of the Department of Mechanical Engineering is to carry out cutting edge research and to offer high quality education in the broad area of mechanical engineering and industrial management. The great challenges of our society, such as energy, environment, mobility, health and ageing population, are to a large extent challenges to mechanical engineers. In a number of research fields, the department aspires to a place among the centres of excellence in Europe and in the world. Socio-economic relevance is an important criterion when selecting and developing new research areas. Driven by the multifaceted nature of mechanical engineering and industrial management, the department wants to be a pioneer in multi- and interdisciplinary research in collaboration with partners inside and outside the university.
Website  http://www.mech.kuleuven.be/dept/research
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Electrical energy systems
Project description  Research topics: security of (energy) supply, renewable electricity technology, energy markets, distributed energy resources, power electronics, electrical drives, electrical transportation, dependable control. In this project, the student will investigate future scenarios for the production, storage and consumption of electricity, taking into account the drive towards a more sustainable use of energy resources and the liberalization of the energy markets. This evolution will bring in more ?distributed energy resources? such as photovoltaic panels, wind turbines and cogeneration units, all located in the distribution grid, whereas in the transmission grid old large central plants will be replaced by newer, cleaner types. The loads will also change in the coming years with, for instance, the emergence of plug-in hybrid vehicles. The electricity grid will be used in a totally different way cope with the larger load flows. In this whole, power electronics and related communication will play a key role. Depending on the pre-existing knowledge of the student, the work will be more technology-oriented or rather multidisciplinary. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The research domain of the ELECTA division covers the broad spectrum of electrical energy systems and robust control of industrial systems. As the largest research group on energy systems and fault tolerance in the Benelux, ELECTA's vision is to be widely recognized as centre-of-excellence on these topics, where fundamental research is coupled with immediately and prospectively applicable solutions for the industry. Alongside this development of know-how, a pivotal importance is given to sharing gained knowledge with the academic community, students, industry and the society as a whole.
Website  http://www.esat.kuleuven.be/electa
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Ultrasonic Lamb Wave inspection of aircraft components using integrated optical fibre sensing technology
Project description  As continuous structural health monitoring of airplanes and helicopters will provide substantial time and cost savings to the aircraft industry, the use of integrated sensor technology and autonomous damage assessment techniques are required. Ultrasonic Lamb waves are used for the fast inspection of large shell structures and optical fibres are used for the detection of the ultrasonic guided waves, modulated by the presence of damage. The question remains how the ultrasonic signal exactly interacts with the optical fibre. Since the fibre covers the whole width of the sample, the response can be considered to be an integrated signal. The research will therefore focus on the behaviour of the sensor and it's interactions with the ultrasonic Lamb wave signals. The goal is to come to a better perception of the fibre response, to fully understand what will be the best way to implement the fibre technology into the aerospace structures. the project is availble in the Fall and Spring semester. Period for research is 6-12 months.
Pre requisites  Creative and analytical mind with sound engineering skills.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The MTM Dept. is a regular research partner of industry in the fields of metallurgy and materials engineering. The combination of thorough fundamental research coupled with our broad range of expertise, delivers innovative ideas, helping to gain major advantages. Modern, advanced and well-maintained equipment reduces project time and cost and increases accuracy and strongly motivates researchers. A dynamic team spirit and cross-discipline knowledge sharing, stimulate our international outstanding research teams in their constant search for improved methods and innovative technologies.Project management is an art at MTM. Great management is also an essential ingredient in creating solid service for industry. Senior staff closely monitor the work of junior researchers to ensure a high level of professionalism and to teach the skills of sound project management: result-driven and cost-conscious. MTM is the largest education centre in Belgium in Materials Engineering, for BSc,MSc, & PhD.
Website  http://www.mtm.kuleuven.be/Research/NDT/index.html
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  History of English Language Teaching in Germany
Project description  The research project History of English Language Teaching in Germany, has two different foci which form the core of subprojects. The first focus rests on language education policy in the post-war period, the second on the role of literary texts in English language teaching in the 19th and 20th centuries. Title of sub-project 1: 1. English Language Teaching in the US-American Occupation Zone of Germany (1945-1949/55) Project description: This research project looks at the time after World War II when curricula and school subjects were re-established after the collapse of the Third Reich. So far it is not clear what influence was exerted by the US-American occupying forces to shape the teaching of their language, English, according to the major goals of their post-war re-education program. Also, the role of other relevant groups, such as the associations of modern language teachers, will need closer scrutiny. Title of subproject 2: 2. Literature in the EFL (English as a foreign language) classroom in the 19th and 20th centuries - selection, reception, function Project description: In the language classroom cultural values and knowledge about other cultures often emerge through the reading of texts rather than through direct instruction. The use of literary texts and authors in the long history of language teaching also has to be viewed in the light of general educational goals. Looking back at the development of the teaching of English in Germany the project aims to shed light on the reasons for selecting certain authors and rejecting others, on the choice of topics, on the classroom methodology of dealing with literary texts, on the ways in which literature in the classroom was embedded in wider political concerns in certain critical periods.
Pre requisites  Some (reading) knowledge of German is essential as well as basic knowledge of central paradigms of TESOL and of using historical sources.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The dept. of British and American Studies provides teaching programmes for future teachers of English as a foreign language as well as programmes in the fields of literature, linguistics and cultural studies with a focus on the UK, the US and other Englishspeaking cultures. Research areas comprise modern linguistics (esp. pragmatics and cognitive linguistics), historical linguistics, literary studies from medieval to modern times with special emphasis on Shakespeare, Romanticism, 20th century literature and postcolonial literature, cultural history of America, history of American literature and the field of ELT (English language teaching) and TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of other languages).
Website  http://www.anglistik.uni-muenchen.de/abteilungen/didaktik/index.html
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  How to make a fouling resistant nanofiltration membrane?
Project description  Nanofiltration membranes allow separating small organics and multivalent ions from a solvent, often water. In this project, it will be attempted to minimize membrane fouling by making the surface of polyethersulfone membranes more hydrophilic, on two distinct levels: the polymer used to synthesize the membrane, or the membrane surface. The polymer itself will be made more hydrophilic by using sulfonation reactions leading to a more hydrophilic membrane after a normal synthesis procedure. The surface of (commercial and self-made) membranes will be modified by grafting, i.e. addition of hydrophilic monomers to active sites on the membrane surface, created by UV-treatment or a redox reaction. The ?hydrophilic? membranes will be characterized in terms of hydrophobicity (contact angle), surface charge (streaming potential), surface roughness (Atomic Force Microscopy), chemical composition of the top layer (ATR FT-IR), pore size (MWCO, molecular weight cut-off), and tangential filtration performance (water permeability and rejection of organics and salts).
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge of chemistry and thermodynamics.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Chemical Engineering Dept.is the largest research dept. in Belgium in the field of chemical technology. In Belgium, the chemical industry plays an utmost important role. This industry represents more than 20% of the turnover of the Belgian Industry as a whole and of the total export of the country. The zone surrounding Antwerp is the second largest petrochemical complex in the world. This all is, among others, due to the availability of well trained engineers. They are the chairmen of the Flemish companies, responsible for maintaining their capacity and for innovation and growth in a changing social economic context. To maintain this important competitive advantage, high level scientific research about chemical technology is required, as well as in-depth education and training of civil engineers.The CIT dept. is organised in 3 sub-depts: Chemical and Biochemical Process, technology & control;Applied Physical Chemistry & Environmental Technology;Applied Rheology&Polymer Technology.
Website  http://cit.kuleuven.be/
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Sustainable drinking water production: detection and removal of micropollutants
Project description  This project involves the identification, detection and removal of micropollutants (pesticides, pharmaceuticals, personal care products, toxins produced by algae, and chemicals) present in surface waters. The detection of micropollutants will be carried out using GC-MS (Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry), which should allow to identify the original compounds as well as some of their degradation products. Removal of micropollutants will be studied as an integrated membrane operation by developing the concept of a membrane cascade with retentate recycle. This implies a multi-step approach in which the first stage uses a highly permeable membrane, and a sequence of different stages in which gradually more selective, less permeable membranes are used. Due to the recycle streams, a tunable separation can be obtained in which the permeate yield in each step is used to control the final water yield and its quality. The overall system performance is calculated based on separation characteristics. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge of separation processes.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Chemical Engineering Dept.is the largest research dept. in Belgium in the field of chemical technology. In Belgium, the chemical industry plays an utmost important role. This industry represents more than 20% of the turnover of the Belgian Industry as a whole and of the total export of the country. The zone surrounding Antwerp is the second largest petrochemical complex in the world. This all is, among others, due to the availability of well trained engineers. They are the chairmen of the Flemish companies, responsible for maintaining their capacity and for innovation and growth in a changing social economic context. To maintain this important competitive advantage, high level scientific research about chemical technology is required, as well as in-depth education and training of civil engineers.The CIT dept. is organised in 3 sub-depts: Chemical and Biochemical Process, technology & control;Applied Physical Chemistry & Environmental Technology;Applied Rheology&Polymer Technology.
Website  http://cit.kuleuven.be/english/index
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Regeneration of industrial wastewater using membrane processes
Project description  Water scarcity is one of the main upcoming problems in industrialized as well as developing countries, due to fast population increases and economic growth. This makes it necessary to exploit the available water sources in a sustainable way. One of the options to consider is the regeneration of industrial wastewater. Membrane processes have often been suggested as possible tools to achieve this. In this project a framework will be developed to understand the possibilities for wastewater regeneration in the industry, based on the composition of the wastewater, the separation characteristics of the membrane process (a variety of processes can be proposed), and the required quality. It will be attempted to generalize this approach towards a methodology or a decision matrix that can be used in a multitude of applications. Simultaneously, regeneration of wastewater from a number of representative industries (e.g., textile industry, food industry, chemical industry) will be examined experimentally for (mainly) pressure driven membrane processes. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Chemical Engineering Dept.is the largest research dept. in Belgium in the field of chemical technology. In Belgium, the chemical industry plays an utmost important role. This industry represents more than 20% of the turnover of the Belgian Industry as a whole and of the total export of the country. The zone surrounding Antwerp is the second largest petrochemical complex in the world. This all is, among others, due to the availability of well trained engineers. They are the chairmen of the Flemish companies, responsible for maintaining their capacity and for innovation and growth in a changing social economic context. To maintain this important competitive advantage, high level scientific research about chemical technology is required, as well as in-depth education and training of civil engineers.The CIT dept. is organised in 3 sub-depts: Chemical and Biochemical Process, technology & control;Applied Physical Chemistry & Environmental Technology;Applied Rheology&Polymer Technology.
Website  http://cit.kuleuven.be/english/index
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Institution  Karolinska Institutet
Research Project Title  Protein structure in disease and therapy
Project description  The three-dimensional structures of proteins can provide insights into their functions and give a framework for the design of strong binding inhibitors which may be developed into drugs. Research projects in the laboratory focus on the structural analysis of proteins involved in disease or identified as promising targets for the development of novel inhibitors. Structural genomics of the biosynthesis of polyketide antibiotics: Structural genomics projects, with the ultimate aim to determine the 3D-structures of all proteins, are logical extensions of whole genome sequencing projects and have been initiated all around the world. The laboratory is engaged in a laboratory-scale structural genomics project, with the focus on the structure determination of enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of polyketide antibiotics by the genus Streptomyces. The structural work is coupled to functional studies aimed at the elucidation of the reaction mechanisms of these enzymes. The ultimate aim is to expand the repertoire of biosynthetic genes which can be used to obtain novel antibiotics using combinatorial biosynthesis.
Pre requisites  3 years of study within natural sciences/biology/biomedical sciences
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Karolinska Institutet offers study programs at undergrad level within different biomedical/medical disciplines. Further education programs are: specialist programs for nurses, postgrad education and Masters degrees covering a wide range of subjects. It is the best known Swedish university internationally, and has a global network for student and teacher exchange.Studying at Karolinska Institutet opens doors all over the world.Research constitutes a major part of the activities at Karolinska and is of the highest international standard.It covers all of medicine, from public health & caring science to research into human genomics using advanced technological methods. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have in recent years achieved particular success in fundamental cell biology, including research into neural stem cells and the early development of the nervous system; diabetes research; research into several forms of cancer; asthma and allergy research; genomics; & medical epidemiology.
Website  http://phillips.mbb.ki.se
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Simulation of Massive-scale Individual-based Systems: a Domain-Specific Approach for Traffic Control
Project description  Many social, biological and artificial systems can be studied either through equation-based models, or through individual-based models. Individual-based models capture the overall behavior of a system by modeling the individual behavior of the actors in the system (humans, animals, ...) and their interactions. Simulations of individual-based models are called "microscopic simulations". Traffic is one prototypical example. Traffic can be studied through flow models (based on statistical traffic behavior), or can be studied by modeling individual traffic actors (drivers, pedestrians, ...) and by setting up a "virtual lab" of virtual actors for observing their simulated behavior under certain circumstances and conditions. Although appealing for many purposes, microscopic simulations obviously face enormous scalability challenges (thousands to millions of actors). In this project, we aim to research how domain-specific knowledge about traffic behavior and control can be used to reduce the scale of traffic microsimulations to feasible proportions, yet retaining the nature of individual-based models. This project requires (1) an in-depth study of relevant literature and of two/three existing microscopic traffic simulation environments, (2) the proposition of constructs or ideas to reduce the computational complexity of massive-scale traffic simulations, and (3) the development of a proof-of-concept massive-scale traffic simulator. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Object-oriented software engineering (design and implementation) and an attitude of creativity and thoroughness.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Computer Science or Informatics is a relative young discipline. The impact on our modern society is however huge; computers can be found everywhere and so is software. And software-development makes up the essence of the education and research activities of the department of Computer Science. The KU Leuven, stimulated by Prof. Ludo Buyst, already started in 1971 with the Master of engineering in Computer Science within the former division of Applied Mathematics. In 1981 the department of Computer Science was established within the Faculty of Engineering. Since the department has constantly grown and now counts more than 150 employees. The department focuses on Bachelor and Master programmes in engineering: Computer Science. Together with the Faculty of Science, it organises the Bachelor and Master in Informatics. The department is also involved in the organisation of other Master courses as Mathematical Engineering Techniques and Artificial Intelligence.
Website  http://www.cs.kuleuven.be/index-E.shtml
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Institution  Karolinska Institutet
Research Project Title  Genetic components of drug metabolism and adverse drug reactions
Project description  Drug treatment is in many cases ineffective. Besides patients which do not respond to the treatment despite receiving expensive drugs, adverse drug reactions as a consequence of the treatment, is estimated to cost e.g. the US society 100 billion USD and over 100,000 deaths per year. Pharmacogenetics is the discipline which takes the patient?s genetic information of drug transporters, drug metabolising enzymes and drug receptors into account to allow for an individualised drug therapy leading to optimal choice and dose of the drugs in question. It is believed that much cost for the society can be saved in this manner. Genotyping methods are developed which are used for screening the phenotype-genotype correlation of drug treatment in vivo using clinical panels and the allele frequencies established in different ethnic groups. This information can be used for a better and safer pharmacotherapy both with respect to the choice of the drug but also the drug dosage.
Pre requisites  3 years of study within natural sciences/biology/biomedical sciences
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Karolinska Institutet offers study programs at undergrad level within different biomedical/medical disciplines. Further education programs are: specialist programs for nurses, postgrad education and Masters degrees covering a wide range of subjects. It is the best known Swedish university internationally, and has a global network for student and teacher exchange. Studying at Karolinska Institutet opens doors all over the world.Research constitutes a major part of the activities at Karolinska and is of the highest international standard.It covers all of medicine, from public health & caring science to research into human genomics using advanced technological methods.Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have in recent years achieved particular success in fundamental cell biology, including research into neural stem cells and the early development of the nervous system; diabetes research; research into several forms of cancer; asthma and allergy research; genomics; & medical epidemiology.
Website  
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Characterization of textile reinforcements using image correlation techniques
Project description  The aim is to study the mechanical behaviour and internal structure of woven textile reinforcements under biaxial tensile and shear deformation using the digital image correlation technique. A thermoplastic textile preform undergoes large shear and small tensile deformations during composite processing into a 3D part. These deformations vary from point to point, changing the local geometrical and mechanical properties of the composite part. Moreover, composite processing is a non-isothermal process, influencing matrix behaviour as function of temperature. Knowledge of the strain distribution is vital for quality assessment of the deformability tests and for understanding of the reinforcement behaviour in forming. Strain mapping system LIMESS of Department MTM will be used to study behaviour of reinforcements during shear and biaxial tension at various temperatures and shear rates. The data will be used to validate predictions of a software package WiseTex. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester. Duration of research project: 6-12 months.
Pre requisites  Creative and analytical mind with sound engineering skills.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The MTM Dept. is a regular research partner of industry in the fields of metallurgy and materials engineering. The combination of thorough fundamental research coupled with our broad range of expertise, delivers innovative ideas, helping to gain major advantages. Modern, advanced and well-maintained equipment reduces project time and cost and increases accuracy and strongly motivates researchers. A dynamic team spirit and cross-discipline knowledge sharing, stimulate our international outstanding research teams in their constant search for improved methods and innovative technologies.Project management is an art at MTM. Great management is also an essential ingredient in creating solid service for industry. Senior staff closely monitor the work of junior researchers to ensure a high level of professionalism and to teach the skills of sound project management: result-driven and cost-conscious. MTM is the largest education centre in Belgium in Materials Engineering, for BSc,MSc, & PhD.
Website  http://www.mtm.kuleuven.be/English/
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Experimental investigation of damage processes in textile composites
Project description  The proposed project of characterisation of damage initiation and progression in composite materials aims on identification of the following features of the damage processes: (1) damage initiation and development thresholds (DIDT), characterising such stages of the damage development as matrix cracks, local delaminations, stochastic fibre failure on intra-ply level and delaminations and ply failures on inter-ply level; (2) determination of DIDT for material with manufacturing-induced flaws (3) morphology of the damage in DTL material; (4) interrelation of the DIDT during quasi-static loading and fatigue limit of the DTL material. The experimental work is performed on universal mechanical testing machines with damage monitoring during the test using acoustic emission, digital image correlation and in-situ microscopy of the damage. The damage morphology is studied using optical microscopy, SEM and X-ray micro-computed tomography.
Pre requisites  General courses on higher mathematics, physics, mechanics, strength of materials; Creative and analytical mind with sound engineering skills.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The MTM Dept. is a regular research partner of industry in the fields of metallurgy and materials engineering. The combination of thorough fundamental research coupled with our broad range of expertise, delivers innovative ideas, helping to gain major advantages. Modern, advanced and well-maintained equipment reduces project time and cost and increases accuracy and strongly motivates researchers. A dynamic team spirit and cross-discipline knowledge sharing, stimulate our international outstanding research teams in their constant search for improved methods and innovative technologies.Project management is an art at MTM. Great management is also an essential ingredient in creating solid service for industry. Senior staff closely monitor the work of junior researchers to ensure a high level of professionalism and to teach the skills of sound project management: result-driven and cost-conscious. MTM is the largest education centre in Belgium in Materials Engineering, for BSc,MSc, & PhD. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester and is also open for graduate students. Start and end date of participation is negotiable.
Website  www.composites-kuleuven.be
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Video analysis of English language classrooms
Project description  The interaction between teachers and learners is highly complex. Video-based analysis can shed light on this complexity. The project aims to analyze the essential teaching exchange in the language classroom by looking at discourse sequences (e.g. teacher questions - student answers - teacher feedback), at verbal and non-verbal behaviour of teachers (e.g. teacher language, instructional moves) and learners (e.g. turn-taking, reaction to other learners? contributions) and at particular learners (e.g. case studies of learners with multilingual backgrounds). The use of classroom videos for teacher education and professional development is a further area of research.
Pre requisites  Min. level of the student: The Junior Researchers should have a sufficient knowledge of the U.S. law concerning personal rights. The Ability to understand legal texts in German is adjuvent.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The dept. provides teaching programmes for future teachers of English as a foreign language as well as programmes in the fields of literature, linguistics and cultural studies with a focus on the UK, the US and other English-speaking cultures. Research areas comprise modern linguistics (esp. pragmatics and cognitive linguistics), historical linguistics, literary studies from medieval to modern times with special emphasis on Shakespeare, Romanticism, 20th century literature and postcolonial literature, cultural history of America, history of American literature and the field of ELT (English language teaching) and TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of other languages).
Website  http://www.anglistik.uni-muenchen.de/abteilungen/didaktik/index.html
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Cell Sources for Heart Valve Tissue Engineering
Project description  For heart valve tissue engineering (HVTE), cells harvested from patients are expanded in-vitro and seeded onto three-dimensional, preshaped biodegradable scaffolds. These constructs are then subjected to physiologically-relevant stimuli in bioreactors to form tissue, organized into a heart valve. For clinical applications the source and amount of cells required for valve culturing may pose a problem. Minimally invasive cell harvesting is required for HVTE to become successful. Further, the ideal moment of cell harvesting is unclear as it takes about 3-6 weeks to culture enough cells to populate a scaffold. In addition, it is not clear whether all patients are good donors in terms of cell proliferation and matrix production. In this project we systematically study cell sourcing and expansion for large patient groups, using cells from different (stem)cell sources. The study should lead to standardized laboratory protocols and clinical practice regimens concerning patient selection, cell harvesting and cell expansion. Project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  (bio)medical background, interest in cell and tissue culture
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The department of cardiology at the Faculty of Medicine is active in the full range of cardiovascular disease. Including electrophysiology, interventional cardiology, cardiac failure, transplantation and assist devices, non-invasive imaging, and a programme on Grown-up patients with congenital heart disease.(GUCH). In addition, there is a research group of experimental cardiology focusing on atherosclerosis and cardiac regeneration. In total the team has about 80 people involved in basic, translational and clinical research.
Website  http://www.umcutrecht.nl/subsite/experimentalcardiology/
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Heart Valve Characterization as a Standard for Engineered Heart Valves
Project description  Aortic valve impairment is generally treated by replacement of the valve with a valve prosthesis. By creating living, autologous valve substitutes, tissue engineering seeks to overcome the shortcomings of current treatment modalities, which include shortage of donor tissue, immune rejection, pathogen transfer, and limited durability. Another major advantage of engineered tissue substitutes is their potential for repair, remodelling and growth. A basic question in heart valve tissue engineering (HVTE) is how well the engineered valve mimics physiological structure and function of the native valve and whether these features changes with time after implantation. In this project the evolution of tissue structure and function of native valves of human and animal origin will be characterized and compared to those of engineered tissues. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester
Pre requisites  biomedical background, interest in fundamental research
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The department of cardiology at the the Faculty of Medicine is active in the full range of cardiovascular disease. Including electrophysiology, interventional cardiology, cardiac failure, transplantation and assist devices, non-invasive imaging, and a programme on Grown-up patients with congenital heart disease.(GUCH). In addition, there is a research group of experimental cardiology focusing on atherosclerosis and cardiac regeneration. In total the team has about 80 people involved in basic, translational and clinical research.
Website  http://www.umcutrecht.nl/subsite/experimentalcardiology/
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Organic Chemistry: Molecular Design and Synthesis - Stereochemistry
Project description  Molecular design, chemical synthesis, and structural analysis constitute the three principle components of modern stereochemistry. Stereochemical investigations draw upon concepts from many disciplines and implement techniques such as synthetic methodology, X-ray crystallography, NMR spectroscopy, and computational theory. This makes the field central to the pursuit of chemical science. The transmission of structural and stereochemical information is fundamental to selective chemical processes. The molecular recognition regulating biochemical interactions, the enantioselectivity stemming from ligand-accelerated catalytic cycles, and the self assembly of designed materials all rely on the transfer of such information with great integrity. In the area of static stereochemistry, problems of novel structure motivate the research. The concepts of symmetry and molecular bonding lead to the design of new chemical structures. The syntheses of such structures must overcome the effects of strain, steric bulk, and entwined molecular connectivity. Conventional methodologies often break down in these pursuits and alternatives must be found. The elucidation of these structures requires X-ray crystallographic analysis and modern NMR techniques. Computational theory serves as an inspirational model at the project`s outset and the final comparison of theory and experiment drives the development of computational methods. Dynamic stereochemistry also relies heavily on the design and synthesis of new molecular structures. An additional design complexity enters here, because both the structure and its internal motions must be controlled with regard to symmetry, sterics, and strain. New problems in synthesis arise from these added constraints. In special cases, X-ray crystallography is helpful in dynamic studies, and a variety of dynamic NMR techniques play an intensified role. Computational studies in the areas of chemical dynamics are at the forefront of chemical research.
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge in Organic and Inorganic chemistry and the associated laboratory practices. Students will be involved in all phases of a research project (i.e., designing, synthesizing and analyzing)
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Organic Chemistry Institute
Website  http://www.oci.uzh.ch/index.php (follow the research link to Siegel Group)
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Total Synthesis of Bioactive Molecules
Project description  The synthesis of natural occuring molecules by means of chemical methods represents an unlimited source of challenges for organic chemists due to to the immense structural complexity and diversity that nature is able to introduce in these compounds. Such an array of singular scaffolds mean for chemists a distinct synthetic problem to be solved each time. Our project involve the synthesis of ?small molecules? with key biological activity (anti-cancer, HIV inhibitors) based on new transition metal catalyzed reactions and the synergic combination of Diversity Oriented Synthesis and Diverted Total Synthesis. Starting point: Novel transformations catalyzed by late transition metal complexes (Pt, Au) have reconfigured the classical scenario of C-C and C-X forming reactions. Next steps: The use of these innovative tools in the total synthesis of ?small molecules? will render a modular and flexible approach where structural diversity can be installed at two central stages of the synthetic sequence: in the selection of a wide variety of simple starting building blocks (DOS), and second, by smart chemical edition of a common core (DTS) targeting a major accuracy in the search of a bioactivity profile. Longer term goals: The challenges revealed during these synthetic campaigns will require the development of new methodologies to efficiently solve the counterstones of the designed routes. On the other hand, biological assays in closed cooperation with high-level computational studies of the receptor-drugs interactions will be crucial for the design of a second (third, etc..) smart generation of natural-inspired analogues that devise the specific pharmaceutical profile to generate candidates suitable for clinical trials.
Pre requisites  A basic practical and theoretical knowledge in Organic Chemistry is required. Candidates should be enthusiastic about the challenges of chemical research.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Institute of Organic Chemistry (OCI) belongs to the Faculty of Mathematics and Science MNF, one of seven faculties at the University of Zurich.
Website  http://www.oci.uzh.ch/index.php
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Cognitive and affective neuroscience
Project description  Students will contribute to research on the neural mechanisms of cognition, including perception, emotion, and consciousness, using a combination of approaches from neuroimaging techniques such as functional resonance magnetic imaging (fMRI) and event-related potentials (ERPs) in healthy subjects, through to neuropsychological studies in brain-lesioned patients. The major questions of our research concern how the human visual system can recognize objects and faces, how we identify sounds and voices, how we perceive and respond to social signals, such as facial expressions or eye gaze; and how emotions can influence our perception and behavior. the project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge of neuroanatomy, neurobiology, and/or psychology
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Medicine: Neuroscience (cognitive neuroimaging and neuropsychology)
Website  http://labnic.unige.ch/
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Machine learning in image analysis: solving problems from the life sciences
Project description  We develop and deploy methods from machine learning to solve relevant and challenging problems from biology. If you come for a minimum of three months, you can contribute to one of the following: (i) development of new algorithms or (ii) implementation in an open-source package such as http://ilastik.org or (iii) application to a specific biological problem. Please have a look at our papers before applying, and state what area you would like to work in. The project is also open to recently graduated undergraduates who have not yet started in their graduate program als also to graduates. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  very good grades, and a passion for science.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Founded over 15 years ago, the Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing (in German: Interdisziplinares Zentrum fur Wissenschaftliches Rechnen IWR) has become a national leader with international standing in computational science and technology.IWR comprises 32 research groups ranging from mathematics and computer science over physics, chemistry, biology to medicine and even the humanities. Embedded in several university faculties, its horizontal structure reflects the commitment to a scientific interdisciplinary approach.Equipped with high-performance computers and developing cutting-edge algorithms, researchers at IWR tackle challenging problems.Examples include process optimization of entire chemical plants, simulation of large biomolecules, or the reconstruction and visualization of ancient sites such as the temples of Angkor in Cambodia. Comprehensive teaching and project work with graduates and UGstudents has always been a key issue at IWR to ensure future excellence.
Website   http://klimt.iwr.uni-heidelberg.de/mip/
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Molecular Design and Synthesis; Fluorescence and Chemical Sensing
Project description  Fluorescence ? the process by which molecules absorb and then re-emit light ? is fascinating and useful on many levels. Beyond its inherent aesthetic appeal, fluorescence can be measured with great sensitivity and accuracy. As such, it has found broad application on a range of length scales, from monitoring individual molecules and biomolecules to environmental analysis, direct cell imaging and the design of new organic electronic devices. Our work is focused on the design and synthesis of molecules with useful and/or interesting fluorescence properties, with an emphasis on using fluorescence to detect small-molecule binding events. Much of our work relies on designing or discovering new signaling mechanisms for fluorescent chemosensors ? molecules whose fluorescence changes when they bind to another molecule. The majority of known systems rely on electron transfer as a signaling mechanism. This comes with structural limitations on the kinds of molecules that can be synthesized and studied. We have developed several new ways of turning binding into fluorescence enhancement: binding-induced restriction of torsion in polyaryl fluorophores, binding-induced suppression of radical cleavage in sulfoxide fluorophores, and binding-induced suppression of pyramidal inversion in sulfoxide fluorophores. With each new signaling mechanism, the range of organic structures that can be incorporated into a functional fluorescent chemosensor is expanded. These new signaling mechanisms have allowed us to undertake the combinatorial discovery of new binding events. Instead of synthesizing and characterizing new molecules one at a time, we can synthesize large collections (100s ? 1000s) of molecules that may be interesting, and use fluorescence to select the specific molecules we wish to study further.
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge in Organic and Inorganic chemistry and associated laboratory practices. Student involvement in all phases of a research project (i.e designing/synthesizing/analyzing molecular systems
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Organic Chemistry Institute
Website  http://www.oci.uzh.ch/index.php
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Institution  Karolinska Institutet
Research Project Title  Glucocorticoid hormones, their role in health and disease
Project description  Glucocorticoid hormones (GCs) regulate gene activity through interaction with and activation of an intracellular glucocorticoid receptor (GR). While some genes are stimulated others are repressed in response to GCs. Furthermore, the response is tissue specific, developmentally controlled and modulated by other cellular signals (cross-talk). We are interested in factors and mechanisms that regulate cellular GC responses under physiological or pathological conditions. The mechanism responsible for the anti-proliferative activity of GC. GCs have for a long time been known to inhibit cellular proliferation (cf. side effects following GC treatment). Despite this, the molecular mechanism reponsible for this anti-proliferative effect of GCs is unknown. Cross-talk mechanisms involved in the anti-inflammatory action of GCs. GCs are potent anti-inflammatory drugs and used widely in the clinic. The mechanism for the anti-inflammmatory action is investigated. This involves a "cross-talk" with inflammatory signals like the NFkappaB signaling pathway. The molecular mechanism involved in this "cross-talk" is investigated.
Pre requisites  3 years of study within natural sciences/biology/biomedical sciences
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Karolinska Institutet offers study programs at undergrad level within different biomedical/medical disciplines. Further education programs are: specialist programs for nurses, postgrad education and Masters degrees covering a wide range of subjects. It is the best known Swedish university internationally, and has a global network for student and teacher exchange.Studying at Karolinska Institutet opens doors all over the world.Research constitutes a major part of the activities at Karolinska and is of the highest international standard.It covers all of medicine, from public health & caring science to research into human genomics using advanced technological methods. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have in recent years achieved particular success in fundamental cell biology, including research into neural stem cells and the early development of the nervous system; diabetes research; research into several forms of cancer; asthma and allergy research; genomics; & medical epidemiology.
Website  http://www.mednut.ki.se/groups/so/grgene.html
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Institution  Karolinska Institutet
Research Project Title  Molecular mechanisms in synaptic vesicle exocytosis
Project description  The fast communication between neurons is due to a regulated exocytosis of neurotransmitter-containing synaptic vesicles (SVs). To address the molecular basis of the release process we use a giant synapse from a lower vertebrate (lamprey), which permits presynaptic microinjection of proteins and antibodies. To determine the effects on the structural organization of synaptic vesicles and different intermediates in the vesicle cycle, electron microscopic analysis of injected synapses is performed. Three aspects of the SV cycle are in focus:(a) the molecular basis of SV docking and fusion, (b) the mechanisms underlying reformation of SVs, and (c) the mechanisms controlling SV organization and mobility. In practice, a laboratory rotation may include the production of a proteins reagent, such as a GST fusion protein and/or the cloning of a lamprey homolog of a given protein. It may also include in vitro analysis of the binding specificity with lamprey proteins.
Pre requisites  3 years of study within natural sciences/biology/biomedical sciences
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Karolinska Institutet offers study programs at undergrad level within different biomedical/medical disciplines. Further education programs are: specialist programs for nurses, postgrad education and Masters degrees covering a wide range of subjects. It is the best known Swedish university internationally, and has a global network for student and teacher exchange.Studying at Karolinska Institutet opens doors all over the world.Research constitutes a major part of the activities at Karolinska and is of the highest international standard.It covers all of medicine, from public health & caring science to research into human genomics using advanced technological methods. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have in recent years achieved particular success in fundamental cell biology, including research into neural stem cells and the early development of the nervous system; diabetes research; research into several forms of cancer; asthma and allergy research; genomics; & medical epidemiology.
Website  
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Metal complexes in Catalysis, Biomimetics and Inorganic Materials
Project description  Transition metal complexes are central in catalysis, materials science, and biomimetics. In this project the student prepares organic ligands in order to coordinate them to metal centres. After characterisation of the new metal-containing compounds, a number of specific features such as catalytic properties, spin crossover, fluorescence, photochemical or biological activities, might arise. While some copper or nickel complexes might mimic the catalytic properties of natural enzymes, iron or lanthanide complexes might show magnetic or photophysical properties, and ruthenium complexes may be studied as molecular machines. A detailed literature survey is part of the project and serves to determine the choice of systems to be studied as molecular machines. The exact topic of the research depends on the interests and preferences of the student, but is also dependent on the availability of supervision at a given time.
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge (sophomore level) in general chemistry, inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry and basic spectroscopy.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Faculty of Science, Leiden Institute of Chemistry (LIC). The chemistry and life science research in the Leiden Institute of Chemistry is organized around two major research areas: Chemical Biology and Energy & Sustainability. In the area Chemical Biology research is characterized by studying and influencing physiological processes at the molecular level. In the area Energy & Sustainability research is focused on chemical reactions of importance to the sustainable and efficient production and storage of energy.
Website  http://mcbim.lic.leidenuniv.nl/
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  The Energy of Complex Quantum Systems
Project description  The project concerns the description of many particles (e.g., large atoms, molecules, or solids). The student will study stability criteria of such systems
Pre requisites  Basic quantum mechanics, real analysis
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Mathematics
Website  http://www.math.lmu.de/~hkh
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Risk assessment of exposure to chemical, biological or physical agents on human health and ecosystems.
Project description  During the six-month project the student will work on a project within the broad field of risk assessment, available within IRAS. Based on former knowledge and experience, and one?s personal interest focus can be on either toxicological or epidemiological aspects of risk assessment. Field studies, laboratory work, or epidemiological data analysis may be part of the project. A list of research projects currently available for students can be found on www.iras.uu.nl >> education >> MSc. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  The student should be an advanced undergraduate in Biomedical Sciences, Biological Sciences or Environmental Sciences. He/she should have basic understanding of toxicological and epidemiological princ
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  IRAS, the Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences (IRAS), is an interfaculty research institute within the faculties Veterinary Medicine, Medicine, Pharmaceutical Sciences and Biology of Utrecht University. The mission of IRAS is to provide education and research on the human health risks of exposure to potentially harmful agents in the environment, at the workplace and through the food chain. Effects on ecosystems are also considered. Our research focuses on Toxicology, Environmental Epidemiology and Veterinary Public Health, and has a strong interdisciplinary character. IRAS has a high research output, both qualitative and quantitative. IRAS education focuses at providing knowledge and practical skills in the recognition of and, through fundamental and applied research, also in the qualitative and quantitative analysis and evaluation of exposure of man and animal to potentially hazardous environmental factors of chemical, biological or physical nature, and the effects caused by such
Website  http://www.uu.nl/faculty/veterinarymedicine/EN/structure/Departments/iras/Pages/default.aspx
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Identification and analysis of novel cytoskeletal proteins in antibiotic-producing Streptomyces bacteria
Project description  Cell division is probably the most principal event in life and involves dynamic interplay with the structural proteins that form the cytoskeleton. The discovery that many bacterial proteins are ancestral to important eukaryotic structural proteins prompts the question as to what degree there is functional overlap between these systems. We have recently identified several proteins in the mycelium-forming streptomycetes that show significant structural and/or sequence homology to cytoskeletal proteins from fungi and/or vertebrates and obtained first evidence that they are indeed involved in maintaining cell structure. The student(s) will study one of these genes/proteins. If required a mutant will be made, and advanced techniques will be used to study the in vivo localization of the protein (e.g. by confocal laserscanning microscopy and live cell imaging) and the lifecycle-dependent expression (RT PCR and microarrays). Additionally, the protein will be expressed and purified, to allow study of the three dimensional structure.
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge of Molecular Biology and Microbiology The project will be available again per Spring 2013.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Faculty of Science, Leiden Institute of Chemistry (LIC) The LIC offers an assortment of possibilities for interdisciplinary research in collaboration with other institutes of the faculty (vide infra). Research in the LIC is inspired by two interdisciplinary scientific core areas: 1) Chemistry and Physics of Life Processes (Life) and 2) Chemistry and Physics of Materials (Matter).
Website  www.chem.leidenuniv.nl/micdev
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Surface Chemistry and Catalysis
Project description  In this project the student uses ultra-high vacuum techniques, Temperature Programmed Desorption (TPD), Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES), and Low Energy Electron Diffraction (LEED) to study the interaction of water, ethanol or methanol with co-adsorbates on stepped platinum surfaces. The choice of the exact surface and the adsorbates is determined by the interest of the student and the availability of materials in the laboratory. The study is initiated by a detailed literature study, which also serves as a guide in the choice of the system to be studied experimentally.
Pre requisites  Project is open to both Chemistry and Physics majors. Entry requirements are: basic knowledge (sophomore level) in general chemistry, physical chemistry, and basic spectroscopy
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Facutly of Science, Leiden Institute of Chemistry (LIC) The LIC offers an assortment of possibilities for interdisciplinary research in collaboration with other institutes of the faculty (vide infra). Research in the LIC is inspired by two interdisciplinary scientific core areas: 1) Chemistry and Physics of Life Processes (Life) and 2) Chemistry and Physics of Materials (Matter).
Website  http://www.surfcat.leidenuniv.nl
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Institution  Karolinska Institutet
Research Project Title  Project in development
Project description  
Pre requisites  Advanced undergraduate/honours/(post) graduate students Strong interest in research GPA of 3.4 or higher. Specific subject requirements may apply per single project.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Still to be decided
Website  
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Institution  Karolinska Institutet
Research Project Title  Molecular mechanisms of apoptotic and autophagic cell death
Project description  Most mammalian cells contain the intrinsic machinery necessary to carry out cell suicide. Cell death can occur either by apoptosis or necrosis. Apoptotic cells demonstrate a number of distinct morphological and biochemical features, such as marginalization and condensation of nuclear chromatin, cytoplasmic shrinkage, membrane blebbing, nuclear fragmentation and, finally, the formation of apoptotic bodies, which undergo phagocytosis. At present we are interesting in understanding the role of glutathione and glutaredoxins in oxidative stress and apoptosis. Transcriptional control of oxidative stress and intracellular generators of reactive oxygen species is also under investigation. Most of our studies have been performed with cell cultures and established cell lines using biochemical, cell biological, and molecular biological techniques. Since dysregulation of apoptosis is important for the pathogenesis of several human diseases, including cancer and autoimmune and neurodegenerative disorders, improved knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of apoptosis and of factors which influence the susceptibility of cells to undergo apoptosis is beneficial for the design of new drugs.
Pre requisites  3 years of study within natural sciences/biology/biomedical sciences
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Karolinska Institutet offers study programs at undergrad level within different biomedical/medical disciplines. Further education programs are: specialist programs for nurses, postgrad education and Masters degrees covering a wide range of subjects. It is the best known Swedish university internationally, and has a global network for student and teacher exchange.Studying at Karolinska Institutet opens doors all over the world.Research constitutes a major part of the activities at Karolinska and is of the highest international standard.It covers all of medicine, from public health & caring science to research into human genomics using advanced technological methods. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have in recent years achieved particular success in fundamental cell biology, including research into neural stem cells and the early development of the nervous system; diabetes research; research into several forms of cancer; asthma and allergy research; genomics; & medical epidemiology.
Website  
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Reproductive biology in Alpine primroses
Project description  Primula is an intriguing genus with remarkable variation of breeding systems. Of the approximately 430 species of Primula, around 90% are distylous, and 10% homostylous. In distylous species, the male (anthers) and female (stigmas) reproductive structures are situated at different levels in the flower and two morphs exist: pin and thrum flowers. Distylous species are self-incompatible, allowing only cross-pollination between pin and thrum flowers. It follows that very precise pollen deposition is required by a pollinator to guarantee successful pollen transfer between individual plants. Conversely, in homostylous species, anthers and stigma are borne at the same level in the flower, and selfing may occur. Despite the wealth of studies on Primula reproductive biology, we are aware of no studies that have investigated the following fundamental questions: - Do plants change their breeding system during development? - If so, does the change of breeding system correspond to changes of mating system? - Homostylous species can self, but how much do they actually self in the field? We wish to investigate these fundamental questions in the Alpine, homostylous species P. halleri. Primula halleri appears to have a mixed mating system: initially it is herkogamous (stigma protruding from the corolla way above the anthers) and subsequently becomes homostylous. With the proposed study, we will address the following specific questions: - Does the mating system of P. halleri change from outcrossing to selfing with the described morphological changes from herkogamous to homostylous flowers? - Are homostylous systems truly self-pollinated or do they perform better with out-crossed pollen? - What is the degree of selfing in natural populations of P. halleri? The research project will require the following experimental approaches: - Survey herbarium specimens of P. halleri to assess floral morphological variation (specifically, stigma height) and determine the exact localali
Pre requisites  general biology, some knowledge of plant reproduction and morphology, interest in field work and handling of live plants.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Institute of Systematic Botany comprises six faculty members, a number of Ph.D. students ranging between 10 and 15, Master?s students, research associates, and post-docs. The graduate student composition is cosmopolitan, drawing from Switzerland, Germany, England, USA, Brazil, France, and Italy, to name a few. The relatively small size of our Institute lends itself to intensive communication and exchange of research ideas and tools among the graduate students, between graduate students and faculty, and among faculty. The overall working atmosphere is very cooperative, thus increasing the learning opportunities of our students. The development of research ideas is promoted through journal clubs and seminars offered by international researchers, primarily from other European countries and the USA, who are invited at our Institute on a weekly basis. Students are encouraged to present the results of their research at international conferences, for which funding is available.
Website  http://www.systbot.unizh.ch
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Scanning tunneling spectroscopy
Project description  Tunneling spectroscopy is a very powerful technique to gain insight into the electron density of states near the Fermi level. Those states are relevant for a number of fundamental phenomena observed in condensed matter, from the simple electron conduction to more complex behaviour such as superconductivity. Tunneling spectroscopy using planar tunnel junctions was among the key experiments in understanding conventional superconductors. The scanning tunneling microscope has brought tunneling spectroscopy a step further, enabling spatially resolved mapping of the electron density of states with unprecedented resolution. However, there is a debate about what STM spectroscopy is really measuring. This project will address this question through a set of carefully designed experiments, where tunneling spectra obtained using planar and STM tunnel junctions are compared in detail. Duration can be flexible.
Pre requisites  Bachelor in Physics + one first year of Master in Physics
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  NCCR Materials with Novel Electronic Properties, Faculte des Sciences
Website  http://dpmc.unige.ch/gr_renner/en/index.html
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Maladies d'Orient (XVIe-XIXe siecles)
Project description  L'Orient et la maladie entretiennent des relations privilegiees dans l'imaginaire occidental. De la Renaissance au XIXe siecle, voyageurs, medecins, poetes et romanciers n'ont cesse d'interpreter le monde oriental en termes de pathologie, ou d'apprehender les pathologies morales en les rapportant aux moeurs orientales. La recherche conduite par les professeurs Juan Rigoli et Frederic Tinguely interroge ce croisement de representations en explorant les collections particulierement riches du Reseau des bibliotheques genevoises dans les domaines de la litterature de voyage et de la litterature medicale. Le projet <Maladies d'Orient> s'inscrit dans le cadre d'une formation specialisee sur les rapports entre litterature et savoirs. Les etudiants accueillis seront associes aux travaux de constitution et d'analyse du corpus. Ils seront egalement integrees a des enseignements portant sur les figurations de l'Orient dans la litterature francaise. La duration peut etre flexible.
Pre requisites  Litterature francaise; Litterature et anthropologie; Litterature et medecine. French Literature; Literature and anthropology; Literature and Medicine.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Faculte des Lettres (School of Arts and Sciences)
Website  http://www.unige.ch/lettres/framo/Enseignant/Rigoli.html
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Affective Sciences
Project description  Many phenomena, ranging from individual cognitive processing to social and collective behavior, cannot be understood without taking into account affective determinants. Moreover, affective phenomena are complex episodes in human behavior and experience, thoroughly integrated into a social and cultural context, that require study from different research perspectives. The NCCR in Affective Sciences brings together disciplines which study the biological, psychological, and social dimensions of affect. The different scientific projects aim to provide a better understanding of affective phenomena (e.g., emotions, motivations, moods, stress, well-being) from various research perspectives and multiple levels of analysis. With its scientists stemming from various backgrounds such as psychology, philosophy, economics, political science, law, criminology, psychiatry, neuroscience, education, sociology, literature, history, and religious and social anthropology, the NCCR places a particular emphasis on the interdisciplinary and integrative collaboration between these different domains of research. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester and can be flexible.
Pre requisites  interest in interdisciplinary research
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  National Center of Competence in Research (NCCR) in the Affective Sciences (www.affective-sciences.org).
Website  www.affective-sciences.org
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Coverage of the US presidential election campaign in German news media
Project description  Despite the differing political systems, European mass media tend to adopt an American style of political news journalism when covering their home affairs: political news stories are frequently presented in a personalized and negative way and show a preference for the game rather than the governance scheme. This phenomenon has become know as "Americanization". We want to investigate, whether there is proof for this development in foreign affairs journalism, too. Using the intense coverage of the German mass media on the current presidential election campaign in the USA, we want to draw a two-folded comparison: (1) Does the campaign coverage is selected news media in Germany vary from the coverage in the US? (2) Does the coverage of the US campaign vary from the coverage of German federal elections? This shall be analyzed by a two step comparative quantitative content analysis using an identical codebook for the elections in the USA and Germany 2008/2009.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Founded in 1924 at LMU, the Division of Communication and Media Research (IfKW) is one of the biggest research institutes of its kind in the German speaking countries, also one of the most famous. It was . Meanwhile 8 professors and 35 assistants are working at his department. The institute offers a bachelor program and master program in communications, a master program in journalism, mass media as a minor, and it participates in a media informatics program. More than 1.000 students are enrolled in these programs. Research and teaching at IfKW encompass various theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches. Main fields of research are media effects, audience research, international communication, media economy, media structures, journalism and PR and new media developments. Offering its students 5 interdisciplinary curricula, the IfKW's academic staff ensures that students receive a thorough academic education, direct integration in research projects and practical training.
Website  http://www.ifkw.lmu.de and http://www.ifkw.lmu.de/brosius
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Statistical Modeling of Unobserved Heterogeneity
Project description  Many data sets are generated by processes, which are different for different groups of observations, but the grouping is unknown. Example include (1) market segmentation, where customers with different needs and preferences should be treated differently; (2) genomic data, where biologists are interested in finding groups of genes with similar expression patterns over time; or (3) scale usage heterogeneity, where different people use different parts of available scales in questionnaires. In statistical terms, we have models with latent variables and not all information is observable. Popular models in this context are cluster analysis, latent class regression and structural change models. Our working group is actively developing new models which are able to handle unobserved heterogeneity, and also implements the models in the open source statistical computing environment R. These innovations are inspired by interdisciplinary cooperations with partners from fields like marketing or the life sciences. Depending on their interests, Euroscholar students can participate in model development and/or interesting applications.
Pre requisites  Good knowledge in either statistical data analysis, or computer programming. Knowledge of R is a plus.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Our department is one of the leading locations of statistics and data analysis in Germany and offers bachelor and master programs for students with a major in statistics. Our core competence in research is the development and appliance of statistical methods in biology, social and economic sciences. The research at the highest international level is based on an interaction between appliance and methodical innovation in cooperation with partners inside and outside the university. One central focus is the knowledge transfer into society through the statistical consulting unit. Research and teaching are tightly linked, with students participating in applied projects throughout their studies. Statistical methodology is often at the crossroads of mathematics and computer science, which is reflected in our curricula. Besides mathematical theory students are encouraged to learn the application of statistical software. We also have a strong track record of software development.
Website  http://www.statistik.lmu.de/institut/ag/leisch/
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Professional situation of female PR practitioners in Germany: Gender Aspects in PR Consulting
Project description  The high feminization of the German PR agency sector is a fact. Our project(s) investigate on two main factors that help explain womens careers in public relations agencies: (a) the identification of (old and new) gender stereotypes and (b) the influence of specific organizational contexts like, for example, agency or corporate contexts on womens careers in public relations. First qualitative results support the argument that women seem to prefer (a) the organizational culture of public relations agencies, (b) agency-specific job tasks, and (c) agency-specific work processes. With our research we try to contribute to the discussion about the consequences for practitioners and the profession. It is the aim of our projects to offer new evidence of the importance of gender stereotypes and of different organizational contexts for understanding the complex and sometimes most subtle mechanisms of discrimination against women in public relations. In doing so, we hope to contribute to the development of feminist theory in public relations research.
Pre requisites  Some German language skills; English writing skills; knowledge of the respective previous US-American research; profound knowledge of quantitative and qualitative survey skills & data analysis; SPSS
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Division of Communication and Media Research (IfKW) is one of the biggest research institutes of its kind in the German speaking countries and also one of the most famous. Seven professors and about 30 assistants teach and research at IfKW. The institute offers a bachelor program and master program in communications, a master program in journalism, mass media as a minor, and it participates in a media informatics program. More than 1.000 students are enrolled in these programs. Research and teaching at IfKW encompass various theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches. Main fields of research are media effects, audience research, international communication, media economy, media structures, journalism and public relations and new media developments. Offering its students five interdisciplinary curricula, the academic staff of the institute ensures that students receive a thorough academic education, direct integration in research projects and practical training.
Website  http://www.ifkw.lmu.de/lehrbereiche/froehlich/index.html
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Contemporary Metaphysics
Project description  Students, at MA level, will contribute to research on questions central to contemporary metaphysics. They will actively participate in the three weekly seminars of eidos (introduction to metaphysics; problems in metaphysics; logic and philosophy of language), which are taught in English, and work on their individual research project, taking advantage of the lively and collaborative research environment of the philosophy department of the university of Geneva. The major questions of our research concern fundamental ontological categories, such as universals, tropes and events, the metaphysics and ontology of time and modality, modality and essence and the concept of fundamentality, central to both philosophy and natural science.
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge of philosophy, for MA students only
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Participation to ongoing research in contemporary metaphysics is offered by the Department of Philosophy: eidos, the Genevan Centre for Metaphysics. The Dept. of Philosophy is part of the faculty of Humanities.
Website  http://www.philosophie.ch/eidos/
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Project in development
Project description  
Pre requisites  Advanced undergraduate/honours/(post)graduate students Strong interest in research GPA of 3.4 or higher. Specific subject requirements may apply per single project
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Still to be decided
Website  
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Project in development
Project description  
Pre requisites  Advanced undergraduate/honours/(post)graduate students Strong interest in research GPA of 3.4 or higher. Specific subject requirements may apply per single project
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Still to be decided
Website  
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Structure, Mechanism and Dynamics in Biological and Materials Processes
Project description  Theoretical chemistry is a branch of chemistry that uses computers to assist in solving chemical problems. Results of theoretical chemistry, as incorporated into efficient computer programs,enable calculation of the structures and properties of molecules. While results of such computation normally complement the information obtained by chemical experimentals, they also can, in some cases, predict unobserved chemical phenomena, or fill in important gaps for the experimental chemist. Computational theory is widely used in the design of new drugs and materials. Examples of properties predicted by computational chemistry include the electronic structure (i.e. the expected positions of constituent atoms and electronic distribution), absolute and relative (interaction) energies, electronic charge distributions, dipole and higher mulitipole moments, vibrational frequencies, reactivity and other spectroscopic quantities, and mechanistic aspects of reaction processes. The methods employed cover both static and dynamic situations. In all cases, the computer time and other resources (such as memory and disk space) increase rapidly with the size of the system being studied. That system can be a single molecule, a group of molecules, or a solid. Computational chemistry methods range from highly accurate to very approximate. Ab initio methods are based entirely on theory from first principles, i.e., quantum mechanical. Other (typically less accurate) methods are called empirical or semi-empirical because they employ experimental results, often from acceptable models of atoms or related molecules, to approximate some elements of the underlying theory. chemi
Pre requisites  Students need to have basic knowledge in Organic & Inorganic chem, math. & computers and will be involved in all phases of a research project (designing,computing & analyzing a molecular system).
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Our group work on algorithmic developments in the area of quantum mechanics, and carry out computations on interesting biological as well as materials processes. This includes understanding of structure, properties, and reaction processes both in gas and solution phase. Computational studies in the areas of chemical dynamics are at the forefront of chemical research, and are used in many collaborative projects both at UZH and abroad. Active projects in collaboration with experimentalists include Active projects includes design and application of methods for understanding (1) structures and reaction processes in solution environment, (2) polar-pi interactions and complex biological processes (ligand-protein interactions), (3) polynuclear aromatic structures and materials processes involving nanostructures on metal surfaces
Website  www.oci.uzh.ch/index.php follow research link to Baldridge Group
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Geometric Algebra in Physics, Mathematics and Economics
Project description  Geometric algebras and associated methods have found applications in modern physics, image sciences and robotics. Many of their geometric and coordinate-free implications have remained unexplored. In these research projects you will study the definition and application of these algebras in different branches of Mathematics, Physics or Econometrics. This includes subjects such as relativistic electrodynamics, relativistic quantum theory, gravitational theory, strings, conformal geometric algebras and (quantum) game theory, and economic growth models. Research projects are available for periods of at least 3 months to a full year project. The student is expected to have a thorough knowledge of linear algebra. For physics projects additional basic knowledge of relativity, electrodynamics, quantum mechanics is required. For econometric projects a knowledge of calculus, algebra and game theory is expected.
Pre requisites  See under project description
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of Physics & Astronomy is the largest of its kind in the Netherlands, and its Institute for Theoretical Physics has the 1999 Nobelprize winner Gerard ?t Hooft among its excellent staff members. It?s MSc programme in Theoretical Physics as well as the Utrecht Summerschool in Theoretical Physics attracts a large number of highly talented students from many countries in the world. The research work done in the project is of theoretical and computational nature, in a group comprising about 5 to 8 undergraduate and graduate research students. There are close ties to quantum gravity and string theory research groups in Utrecht. Participation in a two-weekly ?work-in-progress? seminar on geometric algebras is part of any research project. You will have weekly meetings of about an hour with your project supervisor.
Website  www.phys.uu.nl/~witte/students.htm
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Elliptic flow and the equation of state
Project description  Elliptic flow is the observable most suited to obtain information on the equation of state of strongly interacting matter, as it will be produced in heavy-ion collisions at the LHC. In the project the measurement of elliptic flow in Pb+Pb collisions within the ALICE experiment will be prepared. Other physics effects influencing elliptic flow measurements will be studied via simulations and the analysis of first data on p+p reactions. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Basic Knowledge of Particle Physics and C++ Programming
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The research projects are being performed in the Institute for Subatomic Physics of the Department of Physics and Astronomy in the Science Faculty. The Institute leads the Dutch Effort in the ALICE experiment at the CERN LHC accelerator. The research is being done in close collaboration with the NIKHEF research centre at Amsterdam.
Website  http://web.science.uu.nl/SAP/index.html
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Uneven distribution of fibres in stitched NCF composites
Project description  This research work focuses on the generation of an experimental database on the characterisation of the fibre placement in structurally stitched non-crimp fabric (NCF) composites, to be used for validation of models of their internal structure and mechanical behaviour. In NCF's, several fibrous plies are placed in a pile and then stitched together using a thin polyester thread. For a practical use, several NCF layers are usually stitched together with a thicker thread, which improves the fracture toughness, shear, and out-of plane strength. However, the stitching may compromise processability and in-plane mechanical performance. One of these disadvantages is the uneven fibre distribution inside the fibrous plies, which will be studied in the proposed works on images of cross-sections of stitched composites. The results of the MSc thesis will eventually be implemented in the new version of WiseTex textile modelling software. This is a topic for a hard-working student, as processing of the images requires a lot of manual, minute work. The reward is getting intimate with an important class of materials with wide range of applications. If the student is interested, s/he can take part in development of the models of the materials. Duration of research project: 6-12 months and is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  This is a topic for a hard-working student, as processing of the images requires a lot of manual, minute work.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The MTM Dept. is a regular research partner of industry in the fields of metallurgy and materials engineering. The combination of thorough fundamental research coupled with our broad range of expertise, delivers innovative ideas, helping to gain major advantages. Modern, advanced and well-maintained equipment reduces project time and cost and increases accuracy and strongly motivates researchers. A dynamic team spirit and cross-discipline knowledge sharing, stimulate our international outstanding research teams in their constant search for improved methods and innovative technologies.Project management is an art at MTM. Great management is also an essential ingredient in creating solid service for industry. Senior staff closely monitor the work of junior researchers to ensure a high level of professionalism and to teach the skills of sound project management: result-driven and cost-conscious. MTM is the largest education centre in Belgium in Materials Engineering, for BSc,MSc, & PhD.
Website  http://www.mtm.kuleuven.be/Onderzoek/Semper/English/
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Silk fibre composites: impact behaviour and effect of interface properties
Project description  Silk fibre composites have been a new topic of research in the Composite Materials Group over the last year. It appears that these materials, when employing thermoplastic matrices, are extraordinarily tough with high strain to failure and impact energy absorption. On the other hand, we have established that the adhesion between silk fibres and various thermoplastic matrices is rather poor. Exploring these issues is the aim of the work. How can the properties of an extremely tough fibre like silk best be transferred into a tough composite? What is the effect of matrix properties like modulus and strain to failure and what is the effect of interface strength? This work is conducted in cooperation with a designer from Antwerp and a silk fibre company. Duration of research project: 6-12 months and is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Creative and analytical mind with sound engineering skills.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The MTM Dept. is a regular research partner of industry in the fields of metallurgy and materials engineering. The combination of thorough fundamental research coupled with our broad range of expertise, delivers innovative ideas, helping to gain major advantages. Modern, advanced and well-maintained equipment reduces project time and cost and increases accuracy and strongly motivates researchers. A dynamic team spirit and cross-discipline knowledge sharing, stimulate our international outstanding research teams in their constant search for improved methods and innovative technologies.Project management is an art at MTM. Great management is also an essential ingredient in creating solid service for industry. Senior staff closely monitor the work of junior researchers to ensure a high level of professionalism and to teach the skills of sound project management: result-driven and cost-conscious. MTM is the largest education centre in Belgium in Materials Engineering, for BSc,MSc, & PhD.
Website  http://www.cs.kuleuven.be/index-E.shtml
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Mimicking cell fusion events
Project description  A liposome is a spherical vesicle composed of a bilayer membrane made of lipids. In vivo, liposomes are used to transport or store chemicals for reactions as well as for signal transmission with ions and hormones. The liposome packing enables the system to divide the molecules and reactions in special compartments and to protect the encapsulated molecules from the surrounding medium. Liposome fusion is often used in biological systems to mix the contents of the liposomes and hence to transmit chemical compounds and signals. The mechanism for induced liposome fusion is not yet understood. Therefore we developed a synthetic mimics to study the underlying pathway. In this study, new mimic are designed and investigated, based on the coiled-coil peptide mediated fusion of liposomes. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester
Pre requisites  BSc degree in Chemistry or in a closely related field
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Department of Soft Matter Chemistry. We investigate the synthesis and self-assembly of amphiphilic peptides, polymer-peptide hybrids, hydrogels and silica based drug delivery systems. The self-assembly behavior is studied both experimentally and using theoretical models. Current research topics are: Cell fusion; Polymer-based drug delivery. In order to design, synthesize and understand these systems we apply a wide variety of techniques: Solid-phase peptide synthesis, NMR spectrometry, Circular dichroism spectroscopy, Fluorescence spectroscopy, Monolayer studies, Dynamic light scattering, Ellipsometry, (Cryo)-electron microscopy. Together with the students we develop a research plan that matches the interest of the student and our long-term research goals.
Website  http://smc.lic.leidenuniv.nl/
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Personal Rights in German Civil Law
Project description  The project concerns the revision of a commentary on personal rights in German civil law. In this context, a chapter shall be included dealing with a comparison between German law and American law. There are many connections between the American and German laws on personal rights. For example, Warren/Brandeis' description of the personal right as a "right to be let alone" can later be found in a decision of the German Constitutional Court. The task of the Junior Researcher will be to outline the development of personal rights in America, to compare it with the situation in German law and finally to point out to which extend the German law is influenced by American law in this field.
Pre requisites  The Junior Researchers should have a sufficient knowledge of the US law concerning personal rights. The ability to understand legal texts in German should is adjuvent.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Faculty of Law
Website  No website available
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Applied Psychology: Life Management
Project description  Our current research projects are generally concerned with motivational processes related to personal goals and developmental challenges and transitions across adulthood. Two of the central areas of application are (1) how adults manage the multiple demands of work and family and (2) how young, middle-aged, and older adults develop and pursue adaptive goals in everyday life. We follow a multi-method approach including self-report, behavior observation, experience sampling and diary methods, using co relational and experimental designs. Students will be involved in all phases of a research project (i.e., planning and conducting an empirical study, data analysis and presentation of results).
Pre requisites  Students joining our lab are expected to have basic knowledge in psychology and empirical research methods.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  In our lab, we define 'Applied Psychology' primarily as being concerned with thought, emotion, and behavior of people in their everyday life and context. In other words, we are interested in understanding how we experience, perceive, think, and behave in natural settings and in everyday life. Applied Psychology thus defined is highly context- and domain-specific, is concerned with personally significant content (e.g., personal goals) at a certain point in a person's life (e.g., young vs. middle adulthood). A person is seen as interacting with an age-graded social and societal context that provides both opportunities and constraints. The goal of Applied Psychology is to describe and explain processes of the person-environment-interaction by elaborating theories and testing their area of application.
Website  http://www.uzh.ch/angpsy/forschung/index_EN.html
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Optical Properties of Novel Superconducting Materials
Project description  One of the big unsolved puzzles of condensed matter physics is the explanation of high temperature superconductivity. Early on it became clear that these materials do not follow the conventional BCS paradigm, in which the electron-phonon interaction gives rise to an attractive interaction between electrons, and hence that another mechanism must be responsible for superconductivity. It also became clear that the normal (non-superconducting) state is not so normal. The infrared and optical spectra of superconducting materials are measured in the extreme infrared, near infrared, visible and ultraviolet region in the temperature range from 4 to 400 K. The aim is to determine the pairing mechanism by study of the lifetime effects, and dynamical mass renormalization of the quasi-particles. Analysis of the optical spectra allows determining the fundamental properties of the Bogoliubov quasi-particles such as the mass enhancement. The duration can be flexible.
Pre requisites  Bachelor in Physics + one first year of Master in Physics
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Faculte des Sciences, NCCR Materials with Novel Electronic Properties
Website  http://optics.unige.ch/research.html AND http://www.manep.ch/
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Pop, Past and Present; a history (1900-2000) of Southeast Asian popular culture in comparative perspective
Project description  Southeast Asian popular culture in the 20th century has been mainly studied from a nationalist perspective, which is not surprising considering the political developments in the area under study, as well as the resultant scholarly interests. This project aims to shed a different light on what has been happening in an era of nation building, but hence from a cultural perspective. In what ways popular culture has been used as a vehicle to comment on reconfigurations of class, technology and consequently new ways of belonging in this timeframe. In which ways an often very creative entrepreneurial class has used popular music and related arts in seeking to built communities away from nationalist sentiments and in an often more cosmopolitan vein. We invite students to look at both historical as well as contemporary developments in popular music in any of the Southeast Asian countries involved and preferably to do so in a comparative perspective. The themes we have in mind do include topics such as Islamic pop in Muslim Southeast Asia, the influence of Anglo Saxon rock and pop on local artists, a history of Pan Asian popular music in the region, world music in a Southeast Asian context, but we also welcome studies of transnational industries, impact of (once) new technologies on music making and (international) fan cultures. Students preferably speak one or more Southeast Asian language that enables them to look at local language publications and websites.
Pre requisites  A background in social sciences, cultural studies, ethnomusicology or history is preferable as is knowledge of the cultural background of some of the countries under study.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Institute for Cultural Anthropology and Development Sociology of the Leiden University is unique in the way it combines the analysis of cultural difference with a critical perspective on global development. Whereas "culture" signifies the differences between human beings, "development" connects different human societies by new technological, intellectual, economic and cultural relationships. Our programme teaches students to relate these globalising developments in practice, by stimulating them to do an independent study of the ways in which large-scale developments tie into small-scale experiences of people all over the world - and vice versa.
Website  http://www.socialsciences.leidenuniv.nl/anthropology/research/
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Functional analysis of trehalose biosynthesis genes and trehalase in Physcomitrella patens
Project description  Research project: Trehalose metabolism in plants Trehalose is a disaccharide consisting of two glucose molecules. Most microorganisms that encounter stress will rapidly accumulate this sugar. That is because it has very special characteristics to protect proteins and membranes from denaturation. However, most higher plants do not accumulate trehalose despite the fact that they have a large number of biosynthetic genes (21 in A. thaliana). The main focus in our laboratory is to investigate the function of these genes. In order to speed up this analysis we have recently started to work with the moss P. patens, the only plant that allows homologous recombination. The student will delete and overexpress a number of these trehalose biosynthesis genes in this plant and will analyse the phenotypes. In addition the student will also try to complement trehalose bisynthesis mutants of yeast by the plant enzymes. He or she will be guided by a Mexican postdoc. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Biochemistry/Biotechnology/Biology or Bioengineering student
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology (MCB). In the MCB lab we are mainly interested in nutrient-induced signal transduction pathways in yeast and Candida albicans. C. albicans is an opportunistic human fungal pathogen that may cause dead in the immuno-compromised patient population. We are mainly interested in the pathways that result in morphogenesis and in biofilm formation. We are also developing novel technologies such as PROTEINi, an alternative for RNAi. The second part of the group is working on plant stress tolerance with a focus on trehalose metabolism. Trehalose is a well-known stress protecting sugar in microbes but is absent in most higher plants despite the presence of many biosynthetic enzymes. So we want to investigate the function of these genes both in A. thaliana and Physcomitrella patens. The MCB lab is one of the eight departments of the VIB, a government funded biotechnology research institute where both top fundamental and applied research are equally important.
Website  http://bio.kuleuven.be/mcb; http://www.vib.be/Research/EN/Research+Departments/Department+of+Molecular+Microbiology/Patrick+Van+Dijck/
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Cardiac Regeneration: Heart Failure
Project description  In the Netherlands 860.000 patients currently suffer from heart failure facing a poor prognosis. Cell transplantation therapy has been put forward in recent years as an alternative approach to reduce cell damage and restore tissue performance. Recently, we have isolated cardiomyocyte progenitor cells (CMPCs) from human hearts that can be expanded in culture and efficiently differentiated into beating cardiomyocytes in vitro. CMPCs used for cell therapy in mice resulted in improved cardiac performance for 3 months. Several studies are currently ongoing to improve our understanding on CMPC behaviour. For this, we use biochemical and molecular approaches to modify CMPCs to enhance their growth and/or regenerative capacity. In the past few years, studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are important transcriptional regulators of target genes by translational repression. One of our hypotheses is that miRNA regulation is involved in cardiac injury and, since miRNAs regulate stem cell maintenance that miRNAs are involved in proliferation/differentiation of the human cardiomyocytes progenitor cells. Project is available in Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  An interest in basic research is a pre-requisite and some background knowledge in cardiovascular (patho) physiology is needed to finish a project successfully.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of Cardiology at the faculty of Medicine is active in the full range of cardiovascular disease. Including electrophysiology, interventional cardiology, cardiac failure, transplantation and assist devices, non-invasive imaging, and a programme on Grown-up patients with congenital heart disease.(GUCH). In addition, there is a research group of experimental cardiology focusing on atherosclerosis and cardiac regeneration. In total the team has about 80 people involved in basic, translational and clinical research.
Website  http://www.umcutrecht.nl/subsite/experimentalcardiology/
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  Project in development
Project description  
Pre requisites  Advanced undergraduate/honours/(post)graduate students Strong interest in research GPA of 3.4 or higher. Specific subject requirements may apply.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Still to be decided
Website  
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Project in development
Project description  
Pre requisites  Advanced undergraduate/honours/(post)graduate students. Strong interest in research. GPA of 3.4 or higher. Specific subject requirements may apply.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Still to be decided
Website  
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Project in development
Project description  
Pre requisites  Advanced undergraduate/honours/(post)graduate students. Strong interest in research. GPA of 3.4 or higher. Specific subject requirements may apply.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Still to be decided
Website  
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Institution  University of Helsinki
Research Project Title  Fields of interest
Project description  
Pre requisites  Advanced undergraduate/honours/(post)graduate students. Strong interest in research. GPA of 3.4 or higher. Specific subject requirements may apply.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Still to be decided
Website  
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Project in development
Project description  
Pre requisites  Advanced undergraduate/honours/(post)graduate students. Strong interest in research. GPA of 3.4 or higher. Specific subject requirements may apply.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Still to be decided
Website  
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Reversible self-assembled structures based on small amphiphilic peptides
Project description  The field of supramolecular chemistry involves the design and synthesis of compounds which are able to form structures with a high degree of internal order, so called suprastructures. Dynamic and responsive architectures have recently received a lot of interest as they have possible applications in materials and medicine. By carefully designing the constituents of the suprastructure the noncovalent forces can be balanced in such a way that accurate placement of individual atoms in three dimensions can be obtained. Recently, we have constructed stimulus responsive supramolecular assemblies consisting of vesicles and adamantine-modified oligopeptides. The system features the carefully orchestration of several orthogonal noncovalent interactions. The dense packing of peptide strands at the surface of the vesicles allows for the formation of β-sheet domains at low pH and the formation of these highly ordered structures was found to be reversible. Now we want to further explore these systems and study their application as a drug delivery system. The project is open for recently graduated undergrads who have not yet started their graduate program. And also for graduates. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge (sophomore level) in general chemistry, organic chemistry and basic spectroscopy.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Department of Soft Matter Chemistry. We investigate the synthesis and self-assembly of amphiphilic peptides, polymer-peptide hybrids, hydrogels and silica based drug delivery systems. The self-assembly behavior is studied both experimentally and using theoretical models. Current research topics are: Cell fusion; Polymer-based drug delivery. In order to design, synthesize and understand these systems we apply a wide variety of techniques: Solid-phase peptide synthesis, NMR spectrometry, Circular dichroism spectroscopy, Fluorescence spectroscopy, Monolayer studies, Dynamic light scattering, Ellipsometry, (Cryo)-electron microscopy. Together with the students we develop a research plan that matches the interest of the student and our long-term research goals.
Website  http://smc.lic.leidenuniv.nl/
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Terrorism and Counterterrorism
Project description  In order to facilitate the development of scenarios the Centre designed the so-called TISSUE-model (Terrorist Indicator Scan for Societieties with Uncertain Environments). It encompasses different analytical levels, such as - global drivers (major geopolitical developments, demographic changes, shifts in economic power relations, and so on), - global triggers (such as offenses of one?s religion) - relevant national developments like immigration, inclusion and exlusion, - intra- and inter-group processes among radicalizing populations - individual processes of (de)radicalization, - the effects of government policies and judicial activities, including the role played by international organizations, - the role played by discourse - and the role new techniques play, both on the side of the (potential) terrorists and on the side of the government. A student is required to search for the relevant literature for each of these levels, which would make it possible to transform this analytical model into a causal model. The project will be available again per January 2013.
Pre requisites  Advanced undergraduate student in the social sciences, law or humanities
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Centre for Terrorism and Counterterrorism exists since February 1st, 2007. Its staff is mainly funded by the National Coordinator for Counterterrorism in The Netherlands, but they form an integral part of the Department of Public Administration of Leiden University. The center has 5 main objectives: 1) research 2) co-ordination of research activities 3) education 4) dissemination of information through the media and otherwise 5) policy advice The Centre organizes several research projects, such as the developments of scenarios for counterradicalization and counterterrorism purposes; the study of the effectiveness of counterterrorist policies in the past; exit-stretagies of both terrorist movements and individual terrorists; terrorists' rolemodels; the history of fanatacism. It aspires to be the focal point for all terrorism studies in the Netherlands by establishing databases of relevant researchers and literature.
Website  http://www.campusdenhaag.nl/pagina/233
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Synthesis and characterization of substituted indolo-[3,2-b]carbazoles for possible use in organic photovoltaic devices
Project description  Currently we are investigating the synthesis and polymerisation of substituted indolo[3,2-b]carbazoles (ICZ's) for implementation as hole-conducting layer in organic PV-cells. Recently, our lab was able to synthesise the key building block, that is, mono-and disubstituted Indolo[3,2-b]carbazole, in moderate to good yield. Besides organic synthesis of ICZ-based (poly)heterocyclic compounds, the focus of the project will be on extensive characterization of the produced compounds. This not only includes the common methods towards structural analysis, such as NMR and MS, but also the use of cyclic voltammetry, IR-absorption, crystallography and other methods. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of Chemistry in Leuven (Faculty of Science) is involved in the organization courses of Bachelor/master of (a) Chemistry and b) Biochemistry and Biotechnology (the latter together with the department of Biology). The Department houses a staff of about 30 professors and has four divisions (a) Molecular Design and Synthesis (b) Molecular and Nanomaterials (c) Quantum Chemistry and Physical chemistry and (d) Biochemistry, Molecular and Structural Biology. See website http://chem.kuleuven.be/en
Website  http://chem.kuleuven.be/en/research/mds/losa
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Modification of natural products with medicinal products
Project description   Several new synthetic methods have been devised in the laboratory of organic synthesis in Leuven that make it possible to fuse or conjugate heterocyclic rings, such as 1,2,3-triazoles, to the framework of a certain natural product (e,g, a diterpene, triterpene, or steroid) with known medicinal properties, The consequence may be that the bioactivities are enhanced or that the bioavailability is significantly increased, The biogical activities are tested in collaboration with other laboratories at KU Leuven in antiviral, cytotoxic, anticonvulsant assays, but the task of the student will mainly be to apply new synthetic methods and to generate and characterize a library of compounds with potential bioactivity.The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  None
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of Chemistry in Leuven (Faculty of Science) is involved in the organization courses of Bachelor/master of (a) Chemistry and b) Biochemistry and Biotechnology (the latter together with the department of Biology). The Department houses a staff of about 30 professors and has four divisions (a) Molecular Design and Synthesis (b) Molecular and Nanomaterials (c) Quantum Chemistry and Physical chemistry and (d) Biochemistry, Molecular and Structural Biology. See website http://www.chem.kuleuven.be/department/department_en.html
Website  http://chem.kuleuven.be/en/research/mds/losa
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Identification of the target of a new class of antifungal compounds
Project description  Research project: Candida albicans antifungal research We have recently performed a chemical genetics screen in order to find compounds that inhibit the growth of C. albicans. We isolated 11 compounds that were either fungistatic or fungicidal. Variants of these compounds have also been tested and currently we have a potent lead compound. In this project we want to study the mechanism of action of this compound. Therefore we will use a few approaches. We will do a yeast haplo-insufficiency screening using the yeast heterologous essential genes deletion collection. We will also perform Candida albicans microarray experiments in the presence and absence of the compound. The student will perform molecular biology, biochemistry and cell biological approaches. He or she will be guided by a French postdoc. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Biochemistry/Biotechnology/Biology/Biomedical Science or Bioengineering students
Duration  2 semesters
Faculty Department  In the MCB lab we are mainly interested in nutrient-induced signal transduction pathways in yeast and Candida albicans. C. albicans is an opportunistic human fungal pathogen that may cause dead in the immuno-compromised patient population. We are mainly interested in the pathways that result in morphogenesis and in biofilm formation. We are also developing novel technologies such as PROTEINi, an alternative for RNAi. The second part of the group is working on plant stress tolerance with a focus on trehalose metabolism. Trehalose is a well-known stress protecting sugar in microbes but is absent in most higher plants despite the presence of many biosynthetic enzymes. So we want to investigate the function of these genes both in A. thaliana and Physcomitrella patens. The MCB lab is one of the eight departments of the VIB, a government funded biotechnology research institute where both top fundamental and applied research are equally important.
Website  http://bio.kuleuven.be/mcb; http://www.vib.be/Research/EN/Research+Departments/Department+of+Molecular+Microbiology/Patrick+Van+Dijck/
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Induced protein aggregation as a novel tool in antifungal research
Project description  Research project: Candida albicans antifungal research Protein aggregation is a very specific process induced by short stretches of amino acids in the primary structure. This is very clear from a number of degenerative diseases and prion diseases where large aggregates/amyloids of the same protein can be formed. In collaboration with a structural biology group we have developed a method to identify these short stretches of amino acids in a certain protein and to use them to generate an inducible protein inactivation by aggregation system. In our laboratory we are exploiting this approach in our search for new antifungals. The student will help in generating constructs to conditionally express these short peptides in Candida cells and evaluate the effect. The focus will be on a proteins involved in biofilm formation as well as essential enzymes located on the outside of the cell. The work includes cell biology, molecular biology and biochemistry techiques. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Biochemistry/Biotechnology/Biology/Biomedical Science or Bioengineering students.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology (MCB) in the department of Biology In the MCB lab we are mainly interested in nutrient-induced signal transduction pathways that result in morphogenesis and virulence of the human fungal pathogen Candida albicans. We are also developing novel technologies such as PROTEINi, an alternative for RNAi. The second part of the group is working on plant stress tolerance with a focus on trehalose metabolism. The MCB lab is one of the eight departments of the VIB, a government funded biotechnology research institute where both top fundamental and applied research are equally important.
Website  http://bio.kuleuven.be/mcb; http://www.vib.be/Research/EN/Research+Departments/Department+of+Molecular+Microbiology/Patrick+Van+Dijck/
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Hydrogen Storage
Project description  Chemical Hydrogen storage appears in the context of the 'clean energy' and 'hydrogen technology' issues and the major chemical problem is to develop hydrogen storage materials. Ammonia borane H3BNH3 is considered to be a potential hydrogen storage material and much research has presently been devoted to studies of its thermal degredation with release of hydrogen. Theoretically a storage capacity of 19.4 weight% of hydrogen may be achieved. However serious specific difficulties were spotted during these investigations, which might prevent practical application of this compound. A search for alternative compounds has therfore been initiated, such as the ionic isomeric system [H2B(NH2)2] [BH4]. The project comprises preparation of this compound according to literature procedures including exploration of the possibility to isomerize H3BNH3 cleanly to [H2B(NH2)2] [BH4]. Futhermore thermoanalytical investigations are sought, which are expected to furnish a quantitative picture of the thermal hydrogen release properties of this compound.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Chemistry
Website  
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  The Dictionary of Old English Plant Names (DOEPN)
Project description  The corpus of Anglo-Saxon medical texts in Old English (Old English Herbarium Apuleii, Laeceboc, Lacnunga, Old English Peri Didaxeon) is complemented by ca. 6,000 Old English plant names in Latin-Old English glosses and glossaries. The dictionary gives the correct identification of the plants and the etymology, morphology and semantics of the Old English plant names. Therefore, systematic research of the Old English plant names regarding the identification of the plants and the linguistic aspects of the plant names is the aim of our dictionary project. The collection of the material and the identification of the plants is carried out by Peter Bierbaumer and Helmut Klug at the University of Graz (Austria), whereas the linguistic analysis (etymology, morphology and meaning) is done by Hans Sauer and Ulrike Krischke at the University of Munich (Germany).
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge in historical linguistics and Old English
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Fakultat fur Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft
Website  http://oldenglish-plantnames.uni-graz.at
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Foundations of cooperation and endogenous formation of sanctioning institutions
Project description  Project description: The project analyzes the endogenous implementation of institutions (sanctions) and the behavioral foundations of cooperation in social dilemmas. Social dilemmas are situations, in which individual profit maximization would imply free riding (non-cooperative) behavior, but collectively everybody would be better off if everybody cooperated. They are, for instance, present in the context of the (private) provision of public goods, the (optimal) extraction of limited natural resources (common pools), the design of fund-raising instruments, the design of tax systems and incentives, the provision of international public goods (such as the rules in the Kyoto-protocol) or the specific organization of work teams or small groups.
Pre requisites  Knowledge of German (since experiments, interviews are conducted in German)
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  
Website  http://www.lrz-muenchen.de/~u516262/webserver/webdata/index.html
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  You promised me a child: the role of agreements in assigning legal parental status
Project description  Over the past months different high profile court cases concerning surrogate motherhood and sperm donation were brought to the forefront in The Netherlands. These cases revolved around surrogacy and donor agreements made between parties involved about the question who will parent the child after its birth. One of the parties did not comply with the agreement and the other party went to court to have the agreement enforced. During the court proceedings the agreements played no role of substance, since the legal status of such agreements is problematic under Dutch law. It is questionable whether this is the most appropriate approach to such agreements. Therefore this comparative research concerns the question to what extent and how agreements between intentional parents and third parties should play a role in assigning legal parental status. Apart from The Netherlands the research includes a number of jurisdictions that are in the process of developing a view on how agreements on the parenthood of children should be used: France, England and Wales, New Zealand and two American States: California and Kansas. With regard to the American jurisdictions, it is of great importance that any research is up-to-date, accurate and well-documented. It would, therefore, be any enormous asset to this project for an American undergraduate student to undertake research into the American approach towards agreements on legal parental status in the context of assisted reproduction. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Students must have already followed family law in their home jurisdiction,preferably also comparative law. A fluency in more than one language is to be regarded as an advantage.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The research project would be conducted at the Molengraaff Institute of Private Law, one of the six departments of the School of Law of Utrecht University. In particular the student would be under the supervision of the private international law, comparative law and family law section of the department, which consists of approximately 11 employees with expertise in numerous legal systems, including Dutch Antilles, France, Germany, the Nordic countries, Portugal, Switzerland and United Kingdom. Furthermore in carrying out this research programme, the chosen student would take part in the activities of the Utrecht Centre for European Research into Family Law (UCERF).
Website  http://ucerf.rebo.uu.nl/en/
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Refugee Flows and Transnational Ethnic Linkages
Project description  One of the most significant external effects of civil war is massive population dislocations and refugee flows across national boundaries. Those fleeing conflict and instability are rightly viewed as victims of persecution and war, requiring humanitarian aid, relief supplies and host-country protection. Yet, it would be incorrect to simply depict refugees as passive victims - rather than important actors - in the conflict dynamic. Several scholars have noted that refugee communities are often associated with security risks for the host and home countries, particularly if they are mobilized by militant groups. Others have found that refugee flows are one mechanism by which conflicts spread across regions. This project aims at understanding how refugee flows affect conflicts. For this, in conjunction with the UN refugee agency (UNHCR), we will collect detailed data on refugee flows and their characteristics in conflict zones.
Pre requisites  advanced undergraduate / graduate student
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Being the largest department of political science in Switzerland it offers a BA and an MA program in political science, and also awards PhDs. It also participates in the interdisciplinary BA in international relations. The research portfolio of its members is broad with particular strong points in comparative politics and international relations. The members of the department are also collaborating in several international research projects and entertain close links with scholars of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, and other institutions both in Switzerland and abroad.
Website  http://www.unige.ch/ses/spo/static/simonhug/snis.html
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Private Military and Security Companies in International Humanitarian Law: Challenges and Perspectives
Project description  The student will contribute to research (in English) on the international legal framework applying to private military and security companies in armed conflicts, with an emphasis on international humanitarian law. The key issues of our research include: how international law binds non-State actors and precisely which humanitarian law obligations are binding on them; how international legal obligations can be implemented against non-State actors; and whether international law prohibits the use of private military and security contractors in general or for specific activities. The student can expect to conduct substantive research on specific issues and assist with drafting and polishing the manuscript.
Pre requisites  Knowledge of general international law, strong interest in international humanitarian law and the law of international responsibility; reliable and accurate research and drafting.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Department of Public International Law and International Organization: The five professors and around 15 research assistants of this department cover all fields of public international law and European law, with a special emphasis on the settlement of disputes, the law of international organizations, the World Trade organization, international environmental law, international humanitarian law and European and regional cooperation and integration. The present research project is conducted in cooperation with the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, a joint teaching and research institution created by the Faculty of Law of the University of Geneva and the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies.
Website  http://www.projectdb.snf.ch/WebForms/Frameset.aspx
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Understanding voting behavior of members of the European parliament
Project description  Studies on the voting behavior of members of the European parliament (MEPs) have to rely exclusively on information provided through roll call votes. Such votes occur, however, only for about a third of all votes, the remainder of the votes being voice votes are secret votes. To understand whether the information from these roll call votes gives us an accurate view on the behavior of MEPs (e.g., do they vote according to partisan lines or as a function of their national origin, etc.) more systematic information on all votes in the European parliament needs to be collected. Based on a novel theoretical framework, the present project aims at generating data which allows to assess more in detail how MEPs make their decision. The data relies on published and in part unpublished sources from the institutions of the European Union.
Pre requisites  Advanced undergraduate/graduate students
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Founded in 1969 and with about 50 teachers/researchers, the Department is the teaching and research unit in Political Science of the University of Geneva. Its members do their research work in the main fields of contemporary political science, and often in collaboration or integrated into the networks of international research. They widely benefit from the support of the Fond national de la recherche scientifique (FNRS) and other foundations. They are also active in: the International Association of Political Science (IPSA), the European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR), the Swiss Association of Political Science (ASSP) as well as in other such societies. Many of them are regularly invited to give their expertise, especially in public administration and international organizations.
Website  http://www.unige.ch/ses/spo/static/simonhug/snsfurcv.html
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Self-Assembly of Organic Semiconductor Nanostructures
Project description  We investigate the self-assembly of (bio)organic semiconductor molecules on crystal surfaces. For our analysis we use Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM), Tunneling Spectroscopy (TS), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and computer simulations. The context of our research is the development of bottom-up fabrication methods such as self-assembly and nanomanipulation to generate semiconductor nanostructures and monolayers on substrate surfaces. Our focus is to develop fabrication methods which can be applied under ambient conditions (room temperature, air) by using a special method to deposit molecules on substrate surfaces. The focus on ambient conditions allows us to have a special cooperation with the Deutsches Museum, in which we run a fully equipped laboratory in the visitors section "Center for New Technologies" – the so called "Open Research Laboratory". Therefore, besides your scientific work on organic semiconductors, you will have the chance to communicate with visitors about your work and thus to train important science communication skills.
Pre requisites  knowldege in physics and/or organic chemistry, motivation for science outreach activities
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department for Earth and Environmental Sciences is part of the Faculty of Geo Schiences at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU) & Center for NanoScience (CeNS) / Deutsches Museum – Center for New Technologies.
Website  http://www.nano.geo.uni-muenchen.de/SW
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Education, schooling, and youth identity in multicultural contexts
Project description  Our project will generate new ideas for better integrating youth into multicultural societies (Switzerland and others countries). To accomplish this objective this research project will show how three critical dimensions of schooling work together in a very dynamic way to impact youth development: (1) academic achievement and learning, (2) youth identity development, and (3) the context of schooling and multiculturalism policy. Multiculturalism is a new common reality in this period of globalization. With an increase in people from different backgrounds living together there is an increasing need to know how to coexist and to optimize our resources. Overall, there is a tendency in the world to recognize differences (e.g., ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation) and to tolerate or accommodate differences, which lays the groundwork for learning how to enhance schooling in a multicultural context. Duration 1 year, Research Assistance. The project is also available for Bachelor students.
Pre requisites  Master in Social Sciences or related field
Duration  2 semesters
Faculty Department  The PEGEI Unit has two research groups: (1) PEG and (2) ERDIE (1) PEG The team research “Politics, Economics and Management” is working in the fields of efficiency of educational policies and systems, investments for vocational training and education in the firms and the financing of educational activities. A research project is focused on the employment situation of graduates (2) ERDIE The team research “International Dimension in education” develops two main directions: (1) comparison of international trends in educational policy (2) Analysis of the role of education and international cooperation in the development and transformation of school organization in South countries.
Website  http://www.unige.ch/fapse/pegei/notreequipe/AbdeljalilAkkari.html
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Molecular Pharmacology of Natural Compounds
Project description  Project description: A vast number of currently used therapeutics is derived from natural compounds. We try to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of novel natural compounds with a pharmaceutical potential for cardiovascular diseases. We mainly work in functional cellular test systems. The methods used comprise cell culture, Western blots, microscopy, PCR, silencing of genes by siRNA etc.
Pre requisites  advanced undergraduate in biology, biochemistry or pharmacy, GPA 3.4 or better
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Nature provides a fascinating pool of substances for drug development. Our group aims at deciphering the potential of natural compounds focussing on anti-tumor, anti-angiogenic, and anti-inflammatory effects. In particular, we are interested in the underlying molecular mechanisms of action of these substances.
Website  http://www.cup.uni-muenchen.de/pb/aks/vollmar/
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Neurofunctional Compensations in Aging
Project description  Normal aging is associated with progressive decline in different cognitive domains as well as with changes in functional cerebral activation patterns. Cognitive plasticity, transient changes and dynamical regulatory processes are investigated to clarify the functional meaning of age-related brain reorganizations which may either reflect compensatory mechanisms or be detrimental to the performance. Therefore, we are interested in the effects of cognitive training as well as the ability to reallocate attention to more basic functions such as motor control. Students will contribute to the research using EEG in healthy volunteers and will learn specific methods applied to the study of cognitive and brain development.
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge in developmental psychology; additional knowledge in aging and/or neuroimaging techniques will be welcome. Good for Advanced undergraduate / postgraduate students
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The group of developmental and differential psychology led by Anik de Ribaupierre in Geneva has over 20 years expertise in conducting large-scale, multivariate projects combining developmental and individual differences perspectives. The lifespan development of cognitive resources (processing speed, inhibition, working memory) has been the main research focus of the group in the recent years. Studies have been conducted using both behavioral and brain imaging approaches (e.g., scintigraphy and EEG), with a special interest on adaptative processes such as neurofunctional compensations in aging.
Website  http://www.unige.ch/fapse/psychodiff
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Sleep and emotion regulation in humans: A brain imaging approach
Project description  We study the role of sleep and chronobiological factors in the regulation of emotion and in the consolidation of emotional memory, using functional brain imaging methods (functional MRI/EEG) and pharmacological manipulations. We also investigate the link between sleep and emotion regulation in patients with depression and obsessive-compulsive disorders. The student will have the opportunity to get familiar with methods (experimental designs, data acquisition, and data analysis) developed for the study of human brain functions using state-of-the-art neuroimaging technologies. Duration can be flexible.
Pre requisites  : basic knowledge in experimental psychology and/or brain imaging methods
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  We use neuroimaging methods (fMRI, high-density EEG, etc.) to study brain functions in healthy volunteers and patients with neurological or psychiatric disorders. Our imaging platform is fully dedicated to the study of the human brain and includes a 3T MRI scanner, several high-density EEG devices, one sleep lab, etc. (http://www.bbl.unige.ch)
Website  http://www.labnic.unige.ch
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Cognitive and affective neuroscience
Project description  The student will participate to ongoing research in the group, which focuses on several different domains of cognition, emotion, and their neural substrates in humans. The project will offer an opportunity for becoming familiarized with different methods used in cognitive neuroscience, including not only neuroimaging techniques such as functional resonance magnetic imaging (fMRI) and event-related potentials (ERPs) in healthy subjects, but also neuropsychological studies in brain-lesioned patients
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge in brain anatomy and function.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Neuroscience and Neurology. The Laboratory for Behavioral Neurology and Imaging of Cognition (LABNIC) is also responsible for coordinating research activities in the multidisciplinary imaging center at UNIGE (Brain & Behaviour Laboratory).
Website  http://labnic.unige.ch/
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Active Tectonics and Earthquakes: Building a 3-D map of the fault and fracture network below Long Valley Caldera
Project description  This project consists in using Gocad®, a 3-D Earth modeling software, to create 3-D models of faults. The main purpose of the project is to use the new relocated catalog of earthquakes from the Northern California Earthquake Data Center (NCEDC) to model the geometry of the fault network under Long Valley Caldera (northern California). Prerequisites are basic knowledge about faults and earthquakes, basic skills with Excel®, Photoshop® and Illustrator®. Part of the project includes extracting information about geology and structure from maps (paper and digital), so experience with ArcGIS®-type software would be a plus, but it is not indispensable. If you already know how to use Gocad®, all the better; otherwise expect a week or two of intensive learning before starting the actual project.
Pre requisites  Junior or Senior in BS Geosciences in good standing interested in Geology and Tectonics
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  
Website  
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Tectonic Geomorphology and Digital Field mapping: Using 3-D laser scanner and GPS instruments
Project description  Tectonic Geomorphology and Digital Field mapping: Using 3-D laser scanner and GPS instruments to quantify Erosion and sediment transport following strong rain storms in the Alps (Bletterbach Canyon, Italy, and Erlenbach, Switzerland). Project description: You will be part of a team of PhD students to map small canyons in the Alps using a 3D laser scanner and other mapping techniques. After having produced your own map using the laser scanner, you will then gain experience in geomorphic and geologiy field mapping techniques. Prerequisites are general fitness, interest in learning how to use digital mapping equipment. Basic computer skills are helpful for the project.
Pre requisites  Junior or senior in BS Geosciences in good standing interested in Geology and Tectonics
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  
Website  http://www.geo.uni-muenchen.de/studium/index.html; http://www.geozentrum.uni-muenchen.de/ (English)
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Structural Geology and Geochronology: Exhumation history of the Eastern Alps
Project description  Structural Geology and Geochronology: Exhumation history of the Eastern Alps based on thermochronology and field work in the Tauern Window region, Austria. Project description: The successful applicant will conduct field work and basic procedures in geochronologic sample preparation for 40Ar/39Ar and Fission track analyses. Prerequisites are interest in field geology and laboratory work, as well as basic mountaineering fitness (person should not bear afraid of heights) and personal hiking gear.
Pre requisites  Junior or senior in BS Geosciences in good standing interested in Geology and Tectonics
Duration  
Faculty Department  
Website  http://www.geo.uni-muenchen.de/studium/index.html; http://www.geozentrum.uni-muenchen.de/ (English)
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Climate- Migration- History
Project description  Rachel Carson Center staff and fellows pursue a wide range of humanities and social science research projects on environmental topics. The Center is also developing an online environmental studies documentation that will both support research and aim to make it accessible, deepening public understanding of environmental issues. Visiting EuroScholars will also have the opportunity to participate in a new RCC project that focuses on the historical connections between climate change, natural hazards, and migration. Furthermore, the students will participate in ongoing lectures, workshops and other events at the Rachel Carson Center. The project is also open for recently graduated undergraduates who have not yet started in their graduate program and for graduate students.
Pre requisites  A background in the humanities would be appreciated.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Rachel Carson Center (a joint initiative of LMU Munich and the Deutsches Museum) furthers research and discussion in the field of international environmental studies and strengthens the role of the humanities in the current political and scientific debates about the environment. Special emphasis is placed on international, comparative, and historical perspectives. The Center brings together leading academics from all over the world who work on the complex relationship between nature and culture across disciplines. Individual projects focus on different time periods and different geographic areas. This international think tank discusses and analyzes the role of human actors and the role of nature in this relationship. The Center’s working language is English.
Website  http://www.carsoncenter.uni-muenchen.de/index.html
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Research Handbook on Intellectual Property Licensing
Project description  The licensing of intellectual property rights (such as patents, trademarks, copyrights or trade secrets) is a critical component within the intellectual property system given that licensing is the traditional method for owners of intellectual property rights to commercialize their intellectual assets. However, licensing law is a relatively underexplored legal field which may result from the fact that licensing agreements are not regulated in most jurisdictions, even though it cannot be disputed that IP licensing is a standard business contract. On this basis, the goal of the project is to conduct a scientific analysis of the rules and principles which shall govern licensing agreements from a comparative and global perspective. The project will materialize in a book to which various intellectual property scholars and practitioners coming from various jurisdictions and legal background will contribute and which shall be entitled “Research Handbook on Intellectual Property Licensing” (to be published by Edward Elgar Publishing in 2011) for which scientific editing tasks will also be requested. This project is suited for a law student in her/his third year (3L) or in second year (2L) of law school (who has already studied national intellectual property law and contract law) and who ideally has passive knowledge of other languages in addition to English. Position available: researcher/assistant for scientific editing.
Pre requisites  law student in third (3L) or second year (2L) of law school (who has already studied national intellectual property law and contract law) with passive knowledge of other languagues than English.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The department of commercial law is a subdivision of the Law School covering various areas of business law including intellectual property law to which the project essentially relates to
Website  www.iplicensing.ch
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Understanding roll call vote requests and their consequences
Project description  Analyses of roll call votes have developed to form a mainstay of parliamentary research. In most parliaments, however, roll call votes need to be requested or occur only on particular proposals. Inferences on parliamentary behavior based on roll call votes thus often rest upon a (non-random) sample of all votes. The project addresses the following research question: Under what circumstances are roll call votes requested in parliaments and how do these circumstances affect our inferences on parliamentary behavior based on roll call votes? To answer this question the project will collect information on the voting procedures in parliaments around the world through an internet-based expert survey and document analysis. Relying mostly on existing data on roll call votes empirical analyses on various parliaments around the world will then be carried out. Duration until Spring 2013.
Pre requisites  Advanced undergraduate/graduate students
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Being the largest department of political science in Switzerland it offers a BA and an MA program in political science, and also awards PhDs. It participates as well in the interdisciplinary BA in international relations. The research portfolio of its members is broad with particular strengths in comparative politics and international relations. The members of the department are also collaborating in several international research projects and entertain close links with scholars of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, and other institutions both in Switzerland and abroad
Website  http://www.unige.ch/ses/spo/static/simonhug/snsfurcv.html
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Attention and Perception
Project description  Subjectively, visual perception is a passive process: We open our eyes and we see the objects that surround us. In reality, perception is a highly active process that implies a choice among the objects that surround us: Not all the information that hits the eye reaches consciousness. Rather, most information is filtered out and goes unnoticed. Some researchers say that we perceive only one object at a time! Choosing an object from the visual scene for in-depth processing is achieved by selective attention and eye movements. Our research group is interested in the mechanisms that control attentional selection and the interaction between attention and action. Our preferred method is psychophysics, the description of the relationship between a stimulus and its perception. Further, we measure eye and hand movements, as well as electrical potentials over the scalp. Duration can be flexible.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The department of psychology of the University of Geneva is situated close to downtown Geneva. It is located in a splendid building that hosts lecture halls, library, offices, labs, and a cafeteria. The department accepts about 200 students per year and has Masters Programs in clinical, developmental, affective, social, and cognitive psychology. All classes are taught in French, but the lab language is English.
Website  http://www.unige.ch/fapse/PSY/persons/kerzel/
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Model Systems for Liposome-cell Fusion
Project description  Membrane fusion is a key proces in all living cells as it facilitates the transport of molecules between and within them. This process is triggered by the specific interaction of fusion proteins that brings two membranes into close proximity followed by local disruption of the lipids and merging of the membranes. To induce intracellular transport, a coiled-coil bundle forms between two membrane bound SNARE proteins and a cytoplasmic SNARE protein, forcing the two membranes together. The exact mechanism and fundamental requirements of fusion are still unknown. Therefore reduced systems are needed in order to gain insights into the aspects of membrane fusion. We have now developed an modelsystem based on lipidated peptides which is able to fuse liposomes. The next step in this project will be to investigate whether it is possible to fuse liposomes with live cells, which would open numerous applications in the field of drug delivery and diagnostics. The project is also open for recently graduated undergrads who have not started in their graduate program yet. And is also to graduate student. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge (sophomore level or higher) in general chemistry, organic chemistry and basic spectroscopy.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Department of Soft Matter Chemistry. We investigate the synthesis and self-assembly of amphiphilic peptides, polymer-peptide hybrids, hydrogels and silica based drug delivery systems. The self-assembly behavior is studied both experimentally and using theoretical models. Current research topics are: Cell fusion; Polymer-based drug delivery. In order to design, synthesize and understand these systems we apply a wide variety of techniques: Solid-phase peptide synthesis, NMR spectrometry, Circular dichroism spectroscopy, Fluorescence spectroscopy, Monolayer studies, Dynamic light scattering, Ellipsometry, (Cryo)-electron microscopy. Together with the students we develop a research plan that matches the interest of the student and our long-term research goals.
Website  http://smc.lic.leidenuniv.nl/
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Institution  University of Helsinki
Research Project Title  Evolutionary Genetics of Wild Vertebrate Populations
Project description  Our research group focuses on questions relating to the mechanisms and process of animal adaptation - or lack of it thereof - to local environmental conditions. Population genetics, genomics, phylogeography, evolutionary quantitative genetics and statistical genetics are approaches which characterize a lot of our research. The main model organisms in our research are birds and fishes, but some work is also done with amphibians and reptiles. Albeit our research is chiefly fundamental science, but some of the projects have strong applied dimensions. These include studies on conservation genetics, human induced evolution due to harvesting and environmental modification as well as studies on the effects of environmental stressors on individuals and populations. We can offer various projects – according to students’ own preferences – where familiarization with various kinds of genetic methods and approaches are possible while doing cutting edge science.
Pre requisites  Students with interest on evolutionary biology, evolutionary genomics, quantitative genetics and/or population genetics are encouraged to apply
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of Biosciences is the largest and most research-oriented biology department in Finland. The section (major) Ecology and Evolutionary Biology has several large and internationally recognized research groups working in ecology, evolutionary biology and ecological genetics. The Department of Biosciences is located in new buildings in the Viikki campus east of downtown Helsinki (http://www.helsinki.fi/biosci/)
Website  http://www.helsinki.fi/biosci/egru/
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Domain Decomposition Methods for Wireless Networks
Project description  Domain decomposition methods use the fundamental principle of divide and conquer to solve very large scale problems in science and engineering. Our group has worked both on the theoretical development of such methods, and their application in a variety of fields. We propose in this project to target the large scale time dependent simulation of wireless networks. Such networks are more and more present in our daily lives, starting with the dense covering for cellular phones, but more recently also with networks for Internet access, with cities planning networks with free access throughout their territory. Such networks raise fears in the population, because there are no long term studies of the influence of such networks on the health of the population. A natural approach to simulate such networks is to decompose them into smaller sub networks, such that they can be simulated on one processor each, and this allows us to use modern massively parallel computers for their solution. The projects aim is the development and mathematical analysis of algorithms for this purpose.
Pre requisites  courses on analysis, linear algebra and numerical analysis
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Section of Mathematics: research oriented department, with highly active research groups in analysis, mathematical physics, geometry, topology and numerical analysis. The department is known worldwide for its research achievements, which were recently crowned with the Fields Medal obtained by Prof. Stas Smirnov
Website  http://www.unige.ch/~gander/
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Parton energy loss and colour charge density
Project description  The colour charge density of matter produced in heavy-ion collisions can be estimated from the energy loss of fast quarks and gluons. We perform phenomenological studies of energy loss mechanisms and their influence on measurements of jet-related observables in high-energy collisions within the ALICE experiment. Analysis methods include the study of high momentum hadrons and their azimuthal correlations. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Basic Knowledge of Particle Physics and C++ Programming
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The research projects are being performed in the Institute for Subatomic Physics of the Department of Physics and Astronomy in the Science Faculty. The Institute leads the Dutch Effort in the ALICE experiment at the CERN LHC accelerator. The research is being done in close collaboration with the NIKHEF research centre at Amsterdam.
Website  http://web.science.uu.nl/SAP/index.html
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Heavy quark production
Project description  Heavy quarks (charm and bottom quarks) are extremely useful tools to test pictures of energy loss and thermalization in strongly interacting matter. In the project methods to measure hadrons containing charm and bottom quarks in p+p and heavy-ion collisions in the ALICE experiment will be studied and optimized and applied to the first data on p+p collisions. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Basic Knowledge of Particle Physics and C++ Programming
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The research projects are being performed in the Institute for Subatomic Physics of the Department of Physics and Astronomy in the Science Faculty. The Institute leads the Dutch Effort in the ALICE experiment at the CERN LHC accelerator. The research is being done in close collaboration with the NIKHEF research centre at Amsterdam.
Website  http://web.science.uu.nl/SAP/index.html
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Bioprinting of living implants for cartilage repair
Project description  Mature cartilage does not heal once it is damaged. Cartilage defects can impede proper joint function and lead to early osteoarthritis. Current treatment options are not yet the ultimate solution to the problem. Regenerative medicine, the science of teaching the body to heal itself, could offer a successful treatment. Therefore this project evaluates organ printing technologies for the production of implants for cartilage repair. With a bioprinter, (stem)cells and biomaterials can be simultaneously deposited into a 3-dimensional structure. This research line aims to a) improve shape and resolution of the implant b) strengthen the implant for the load-bearing conditions in the joint and c) actively stimulate Mesenchymal Stem Cells towards chondrogenic differentiation in the printed construct. This project can be tailored to the specific interest and experience of the Euroscholars student. Project is available in Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The research will be performed at the Department of Orthopaedics, University Medical Centre Utrecht, one of the largest medical centres in the Netherlands. Research within the department is characterised by a so-called dual translational approach, where clinical problems are translated towards basic research questions and vice versa. The current research group consists of about 20 people, of which the majority is working on projects related to the regeneration of cartilage and bone. Moreover, this department is one of the key players in the UMC Utrecht recent Strategic impulse on Regenerative Medicine, where one of the three focus areas is regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues.
Website  http://www.umcutrecht.nl/subsite/orthopaedics/
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Engineering of cartilage from bone marrow-derived stem cells
Project description  Tissue engineering is a relatively new technique that combines the cells of a patient with a scaffold material and with various stimuli, such as mechanical stimuli, to generate artificial tissues. Major advantages of this technique to treat cartilage defects, are the use of patient-own material and the adaptive potential. The proposed project will focus on investigating the influence of mechanical stimuli and oxygen tensions on cartilage formation by bone marrow-derived stem cells. Therefore, several mechanical and oxygen conditions will be imposed and tissue formation will be evaluated. In addition, new tools for online monitoring tissue development will be assessed. Project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The research will be performed at the Department of Orthopaedics, University Medical Centre Utrecht, one of the largest medical centres in the Netherlands. Research within the department is characterised by a so-called dual translational approach?, where clinical problems are translated towards basic research questions and vice versa. The current research group consists of about 20 people, of which the majority is working on projects related to the regeneration of cartilage and bone. Moreover, this department is one of the key players in the UMC Utrecht recent 'Strategic impulse on Regenerative Medicine', where one of the three focus areas is regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues.
Website  http://www.umcutrecht.nl/subsite/orthopaedics/
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Activity & health in children with a chronic disease
Project description   Methods:Exercise physiological data will be collected in a cohort of children with chronic disease (heart, lung, neuromuscular or musculoskeletal disease ) and compared with values in healthy children. The scholar(s) will be supervised by Dr Tim Takken. Dr Takken is a PhD trained medical physiologist with clinical pediatric exercise physiology as specialization. He has published over 150 articles, authored many book chapters and wrote 4 books. Clinical pediatric exercise physiology is a rapidly expanding branch of the department with many publications in international peer-reviewed journals. The research line of the department is activity & health in children with a chronic disease?. Currently several MSc and PhD candidates are working at the department on an related topic in this area. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  A background in (exercise) physiology or related discipline is recommended.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Faculty of Medicine
Website  http://www.umcutrecht.nl/subsite/child-development-exercise-center
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Theoretical and Computational Chemistry: Structure, Mechanism and Dynamics in Biological and Materials Processes
Project description  Theoretical chemistry is a branch of chemistry that uses computers to assist in solving chemical problems. Results of theoretical chemistry, as incorporated into efficient computer programs,enable calculation of the structures and properties of molecules. While results of such computation normally complement the information obtained by chemical experimentals, they also can, in some cases, predict unobserved chemical phenomena, or fill in important gaps for the experimental chemist. Computational theory is widely used in the design of new drugs and materials. Examples of properties predicted by computational chemistry include the electronic structure (i.e. the expected positions of constituent atoms and electronic distribution), absolute and relative (interaction) energies, electronic charge distributions, dipole and higher mulitipole moments, vibrational requencies, reactivity and other spectroscopic quantities, and mechanistic aspects of reaction processes. The methods employed cover both static and dynamic situations. In all cases, the computer time and other resources (such as memory and disk space) increase rapidly with the size of the system being studied. That system can be a single molecule, a group of molecules, or a solid. Computational chemistry methods range from highly accurate to very approximate. Ab initio methods are based entirely on theory from first principles, i.e., quantum mechanical. Other(typically less accurate) methods are called empirical or semi-empirical because they employ experimental results, often from acceptable models of atoms or related molecules, to approximate some elements of the underlying theory. Our group work on algorithmic developments in the area of quantum mechanics, and carry out computations on interesting biological as well as materials processes. This includes understanding of structure, properties, and reaction processes both in gas and solution phase.
Pre requisites  have basic knowledge in Organic and Inorganic chemistry, mathematics and computers. Student involvement in all phases of a research project (i.e. designing/computing/analyzing a molecular system).
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Organic Chemistry Institute
Website  http://www.oci.uzh.ch/index.php
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Activity & health in children with a chronic disease: Heart-rate variability in children with chronic disease.
Project description  Methods: Alterations (mostly reductions) in HRV have been reported to be associated with cardiovascular mortality. In this study heart-rate variability data will be collected in rest and during exercise a large cohort of children with chronic disease (heart, lung, neuromuscular en musculoskeletal disease ) and compared with values in healthy children. The scholar(s) will be supervised by Dr Tim Takken. Dr Takken is a PhD trained medical physiologist with clinical pediatric exercise physiology as specialization. He has published over 50 articles, authored many book chapters and wrote 3 books. The pediatric exercise physiology is a rapidly expanding branch of the department with many publications in international peer-reviewed journals. The research line of the department is ?Activity & health in children with a chronic disease?. Currently several MSc and PhD candidates are working at the department on an related topic in this area. the project is available in the Fall and Spring semester
Pre requisites  A background in (exercise) physiology or related discipline is recommended
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Faculty of Medicine
Website  http://www.umcutrecht.nl/subsite/child-development-exercise-center
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Investigating Death in Custody, The Need for Guidelines
Project description  Death in custody research is preliminary directed at international law in terms of setting forward the international standards states ought to abide by so such occurrences are avoided, with some reference to existing national practices in regards to the investigation procedures (legal and forensic) that follow such death. Death in custody is a common, yet often not thoroughly investigated incident. It may result from natural causes but also from ill-treatment or inadequate detention conditions. It is therefore necessary to conduct investigations, in order to prevent future avoidable deaths, to provide information to the next-of-kin and when necessary, to conduct civil/criminal proceedings. Unfortunately, there is no an internationally accepted document setting precisely the international legal requirements for such investigations. In order to fill this gap, the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and the University of Geneva together with further academic institutions, have undertaken a research on death in custody and on the manner in which such occurrences should be investigated by States in accordance with international standards. The objective of the research is to provide authorities with the minimum standards that must be applied in all circumstances, and the procedures which should be followed with the occurrence of a death in custody. It is anticipated that the outcome of this research will facilitate the drafting of guidelines that assist States and humanitarian workers to investigate deaths in custody, these guidelines will be supplemented by an academic law book on this same issue. ADH, CMU together with other academic institutions, collaborated to undertake the research relating to the conditions under which deaths in custody should be investigated and prevented in ethically acceptable ways that are based on principles and procedures in line with respect for human rights and humanitarian law.
Pre requisites  Second year in law school
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights (ADH-Geneva) aims to provide instruction of a high academic standard, in French and in English, conduct and promote scientific research, organize training courses and expert meetings and provide legal expertise in the branches of international law relating to situations of armed conflicts. ADH-Geneva was created in 2002 by the University of Geneva (Law faculty) and the Graduate Institute of International Studies (HEI). The University Centre for Legal Medicine of Geneva (CMU-1876), is located in the heart of the 'International Geneva'. The faculty has a vibrant multicultural academic community contributing its influence within its three mandates - teaching, research and partnership with the University Hospitals of Geneva. The Faculty attracts researchers globally, enjoying a vast collaboration network with industry and research centers.
Website  www.death-custody.org
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Development of Nanoparticle Enhanced Nanofiltration Membranes
Project description  The objective of the project is the development of modified poly(ether)sulfone (PES) nanofiltration (NF) membranes by a combination of chemical hydrophilisation and the addition of TiO2 nanoparticles. Chemical modifications by grafting have proven to be feasible. However, the effect is too small to obtain a satisfactory reduction of membrane fouling. The procedure will be further developed in this project by studying a new feature of grafting, i.e., pore size reduction. By modifying ultrafiltration (UF) membranes with well chosen pore size using monomers with a suitable length, it is believed that NF membranes with tailored pore size can be obtained. Low fouling properties of the modified membranes will be reinforced by blending the polymers with TiO2 nanoparticles. Although grafting and TiO2 addition are well known techniques, the integration of both is new and may lead to a breakthrough in tailored low-fouling NF membranes. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Chemistry/chemical engineering/materials engineering/environmental engineering.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Department of Chemical Engineering, research group Applied Physical Chemistry and Environmental Technology. Current research projects in the group are focused on membrane technology and process intensification in chemical and environmental engineering. Supported by integration in running Master and PhD projects, this project will allow studying membranes in every stage from manufacturing to application. All equipment is available in the lab.
Website  www.kuleuven.be/cit
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Refugee Flows and Transnational Ethnic Linkages
Project description  One of the most significant external effects of civil war is massive population dislocations and refugee flows across national boundaries. Those fleeing conflict and instability are rightly viewed as victims of persecution and war, requiring humanitarian aid, relief supplies and host-country protection. Yet, it would be incorrect to simply depict refugees as passive victims - rather than important actors - in the conflict dynamic. Several scholars have noted that refugee communities are often associated with security risks for the host and home countries, particularly if they are mobilized by militant groups. Others have found that refugee flows are one mechanism by which conflicts spread across regions. This project aims at understanding how refugee flows affect conflicts. For this in conjunction with the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) we will collect detailed data on refugee characteristics flows in conflict zones. Duration of the project: January 2010-December 2011
Pre requisites  advanced undergraduate student or graduate student
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  
Website  http://www.unige.ch/ses/spo/static/simonhug/snis.html
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Governing Water: The Contribution of International Law to Cooperation on Transboundary Freshwater Resources
Project description  
Pre requisites  graduate/advanced student in law
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of public international law and international organization at the University of Geneva boasts a dynamic group of researchers in many areas within the field of international law, in particular the law of the United Nations, international organizations, International Humanitarian Law, International Environmental Law with a special focus on international water law, European Community Law and Dispute Settlement. In addition to enhancing the understanding of our international environment through education, research and public lectures and conferences, the Department maintains special relationships with a number of international organisations with headquarters in Geneva and elsewhere.
Website  www.unige.ch/droit/eau/index_en
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Old English Runic project
Project description  The project RuneS (Runic Writing in the Germanic Languages) is under the umbrella of Prof. Dr. Hans Sauer, chair for Historical Linguistics and Medieval English Literature. Dr. Gaby Waxenberger, a runologist and historical linguist, works for the Munich branch of the research centre Eichstaett-Munich in the field of Old English and Old Frisian runes. She teaches Old English, Middle English, medieval English literature & the history of the English Language. The earliest inscriptions in runes begin at ca. 400 whereas the first written manuscripts in the Latin script date from the late 7th cent. As runes were the genuine writing system of the Germanic peoples, it is not surprising that our earliest sources for pre-Old English and Old English are carved in runes. Whereas runic writing in the south of Germany died out with the advent of Christianity, runic writing in England only ceased at the close of the Old English period (11th cent). In England it existed side by side with the Latin script, the latter being introduced by the Irish and Roman missionaries. This fact is revealed, for example, by some grave slabs that bear the person's name in runes and Latin letters. The project RuneS explicitly regards the runic script as a system evolved in various ways over the centuries, fulfilling various communicative functions within the different historical societies it was used in. It is thus the aim of the project to describe and analyze runic writing in a comprehensive way, transcending the boundaries of the three groups of runic writing systems (older fuþark, younger fuþąrk and Anglo-Frisian fuþorc) traditionally adhered to in runological research and subjecting all three systems to uniform methods of investigation. This project, funded by the Union of the German Academies of Sciences and based at the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, is conducted in research centres at the universities of Kiel, Göttingen, LMU at Eichstaett-Munich and LMU (Skandinavian Dept.)
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge in historical linguistics and Old English
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Dept.of English & American Studies, faculty of languages and literature, is part of the Univ.of Munich (LMU). Students wishing to achieve a degree in English Studies can study the vast field of modern literature (represented by four chairs), historical linguistics and medieval English literature, modern linguistics, applied linguistics, methodology of teaching (English as a Foreign Language) and American studies (American literature, American culture). In addition, students can choose from a wide range of courses covering language skills, cultural studies, and intercultural communication. Students can study Shakespeare, post-modern literature, forensic linguistic, Beowulf, Chaucer, Old English plant names and runes.
Website  under construction
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  The mammalian circadian timing system
Project description  In mammals, most physiological processes are subject to daily oscillations that are driven by an endogenous circadian timing system. This system has a hierarchical architecture, in that a master clock in the brain’s suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) synchronizes subsidiary oscillators in nearly all body cells. The main objective of our research projects is to elucidate the molecular makeup of the clockwork circuitry and the regulatory mechanisms through which the SCN synchronizes clocks in peripheral tissues. Using liver and cultured cells as model systems, we employ several innovative strategies for the identification of phase-entrainment pathways involving rhythmic metabolites, blood-borne signals (such as hormones and cytokines), and body temperature-dependent timing cues. Thus, in addition of using published state-of-the-art technologies in biochemistry, genetics, and molecular biology we also designed new experimental approaches that enable us to study aspects of circadian biology that are not amenable to established techniques.
Pre requisites  Top academic grades during undergraduate education. Only highly motivated students are encouraged to apply. Duration of the project to be discussed with the academic supervisor.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of Molecular Biology at the University of Geneva is one of the oldest molecular biology departments in the world. Its research activities address several important and exciting areas of modern biology, such as assembly and function of the photosynthetic apparatus in a unicellular algae, molecular mechanisms of the mammalian circadian clock, telomere function and gene silencing in yeast, mechanisms of tumor suppression, responses to DNA damage and DNA replication stress in human cells, Target of Rapamycin (TOR) signaling pathways that orchestrate cell growth and cytoskeleton dynamics, three-dimensional structures and mode of action of RNA processing/editing enzymes, chromosome/chromatin organization, and dynamics, and photoreceptor-mediated light signaling in higher plants. This wide range of research interests is a particular strength of the department, as it leads to fertile interactions between members of the different research units.
Website  http://www.molbio.unige.ch/eng/research_groups/schibler/lab
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Stability of Manufactured Zinc oxide Nanoparticles in presence of
Project description  Research project: Fate, Reactivity and Transport of Manufactured Nanoparticles in Aquatic Systems. The aim of this research proposal is to investigate the important aspects that are relevant to the manufactured NP fate, transport and reactivity in aquatic systems. Depending on physical and chemical conditions prevailing in aquatic systems, and possible complexation processes with natural aquatic colloids, manufactured NPs will occur in the environment either as aggregated or dispersed material. Aggregates containing NPs may sediment or otherwise become immobilized, while dispersed manufactured NPs will be able to diffuse in aqueous environments and water films, and may thus be more mobile, more bioavailable and thus more toxic.
Pre requisites  background in physical chemistry related to colloids and nanoparticles, soft condensed matter, and interest in environmental problems
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Institute F.-A. Forel brings together, on the academic level, teachers and researchers of the Faculty of Sciences in charge of the development of environmental natural sciences at the University of Geneva. Our research activities in the Environmental Physical-Chemistry Group are dealing with the characterization and the understanding of the physico-chemical processes which are controlling pollutants circulation, including nanoparticles, as well as the behavior of the suspended material (colloids) in aquatic systems. We are also investigating the physical and chemical processes involved in water treatment in particular for the rational use of polymeric flocculants
Website  http://www.unige.ch/forel/Physico-chimie1_en.html
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Cardiac regeneration: Ischemic heart disease
Project description  Ischemic heart disease is the number one cause of morbidity and mortality in Western countries. Recently, several studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are important for the transcriptional regulation of target genes and serve important regulatory functions in a range of biological processes. miRNAs are short (19-23 nucleotides) non-coding small regulatory RNAs that are loaded into the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), recognizes the 3?- untranslated region (UTR) of target mRNAs and thereby regulate their expression by translational repression. As potential clinical diagnostic tools, miRNAs have been shown to be important and accurate determinants for many if not all cancers. Also for cardiovascular disease, miRNA function is studied in different human cardiac diseases and in different animal models focussed on their contribution in vivo. We have selected potential miRNAs that are differentially regulated after myocardial infarction. Their role is not clear so far and we have initiated in vitro and in vivo studies to study their expression, localization and functions. Moreover, interventions focussed on these miRNAs are initiated and might improve cardiac performance. Project is available in Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  An interest in basic research is a pre-requisite and some background knowledge in cardiovascular (patho) physiology is needed to finish a project successfully.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The department of cardiology is active in the full range of cardiovascular disease. Including electrophysiology, interventional cardiology, cardiac failure, transplantation and assist devices, non-invasive imaging, and a programme on Grown-up patients with congenital heart disease.(GUCH). In addition, there is a research group of experimental cardiology focusing on atherosclerosis and cardiac regeneration. In total the team has about 80 people involved in basic, translational and clinical research
Website  http://www.umcutrecht.nl/subsite/experimentalcardiology/
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Advanced Research in Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug-Safety
Project description  During this research period, you will be offered the unique opportunity to analyze the UK General Practice Research Database (www.gprd.com). GPRD is a large medical database, which is being used by the majority of Fortune top 20 pharmaceutical companies, and many academia in order to study side effects of drugs. The program is particularly interesting for those student who are currently following an MSc in (pharmaco) epidemiology. Participants will probably conduct a project on outcomes in autoimmune diseases. Information on recent developments of the project: f.devries@uu.nl The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Participants need to have experience with writing scientific papers, data management (SAS), and have a strong background in epidemiology or medical sciences.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacotherapy at the Faculty of Science, consists of a multidisciplinary team of young and internationally oriented researchers. The research program is directed at several epidemiological, therapeutic, and policy aspects of chronic drug use, especially focusing on anti-asthmatics, cardiovascular drugs, and psychotropics.
Website  www.pharm.uu.nl/epithera
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Synthesis of novel fluorescent materials
Project description  The use of fluorescent molecules in new materials is receiving increasing attention in the scientific literature. They are currently used in several organic materials such as LED?s, lasing materials and photonic devices. 4,4-difluoro-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene (commercialized as BODIPY) is currently one of the most studied fluorescent molecules. In recent years our group found and reported several methods of substituting the BODIPY core. We are currently trying to expand these methods towards applications in the field of new molecular materials, sensors and long wavelength emitting dyes. This project concerns the synthesis, characterisation and application of BODIPYs in new materials. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester. Once the desired compounds are obtained, we will substitute the dyes selectively towards application in new materials. Some of the most interesting applications are polymerisation of fluorescent sensors, introduction on nano-particles and design of new photonic devices.
Pre requisites  Basic knowledge of chemistry.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of Chemistry in Leuven is involved in the organization courses of Bachelor/master of (a) Chemistry and b) Biochemistry and Biotechnology (the latter together with the department of Biology). The Department houses a staff of about 30 professors and has four divisions (a) Molecular Design and Synthesis (b) Molecular and Nanomaterials (c) Quantum Chemistry and Physical chemistry and (d) Biochemistry, Molecular and Structural Biology. See website: http://chem.kuleuven.be/en
Website  http://chem.kuleuven.be/en/research/mds/losa
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  The Critical Years of the French Reformation and the Origins of the Wars of Religion, 1555-1563
Project description  Prof. Benedict is currently engaged in a major long-term research project focused on the dramatic religious upheavals in France between the initial formation of Reformed churches in 1555 and the end of the First Civil War. Specific research projects that students might undertake could include investigating the response of the high courts of appeal to the question of how to repress heresy; building a data base of early Protestant ministers; assisting in an editorial project involving the records of the French Reformed churches, etc. This project will be continuing at least until 2012, with the precise nature of the work to be done evolving as the project evolves. Duration can be flexible.
Pre requisites  prior course work in the history of 16th and 17th century Europe; excellent working knowledge of French.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Institut d'histoire de la R??formation. The Institute is a small research institute and library specialized in the religious history of Europe from the 15th to the 18th century with several permanent faculty members, each of whom is engaged in his or her own research.
Website  http://www.unige.ch/ihr/presentation.html and http://www.unige.ch/ihr/presentation/equipe/benedict.html
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Solving Structured Ordinary Differential Equations
Project description  The numerical solution of ordinary differential equations is of great importance in many fields (physics, astronomy, chemistry, biology, and in many other sciences). Our group works on the theoretical investigation of numerical integrators, as well as on their implementation (see the monographs of our homepage). In this project we propose to consider modifications of the widely used Newmark scheme, and their extensions to constrained mechanical systems. The main purpose is to develop a simplified convergence analysis by exploiting properties of multi-value methods and by interpreting the constrained problem as a differential equation on a manifold. Duration can be flexible.
Pre requisites  courses in analysis, numerical analysis, and ordinary differential equations
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Department of mathematics: highly active research groups in analysis, mathematical physics, geometry, topology, and numerical analysis. One of our colleagues, Professor Stas Smirnov, was recently awarded the Fields Medal
Website  http://www.unige.ch/~hairer/
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  test
Project description  
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  Department
Website  
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Fields of interest: Medical Image Processing
Project description  The projects can accommodate 2-3 students per semester.The projects range from segmentation to registration, and can for example be the computer-automated detection of the lungs in 3D Computed Tomography (CT) scans, the quantification of plaque-burden in the coronary artery imaged with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), or the digital correction of cardiac motion in IntraVascular UltraSound (IVUS) images. A longer list is available from the website: www.lkeb.nl, click on “Graduate Project Assignments”. This list is not exhaustive, it is always possible to create new projects depending on the current research interests within the group, but also on student interest, specific skills and available time. The exact content of the project is therefore determined in consultation with the contact person of a specific project. Projects are usually performed in close contact with the clinic.
Pre requisites  Medical image processing research requires a background in a technical science, such as physics, electrical engineering, mathematics, technical medicine, or similar. Knowledge of image processing, and (C++, matlab) programming skills is considered an advantage. The projects are also open to recently graduated undergrad students and to graduate student.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Leiden University is the first university of The Netherlands (founded 1575) and has a renowned history with 15 Nobel prizes among our alumni and various famous researchers like Huygens, Descartes, Lorentz and Einstein. One of the pillars of the university has always been Medicine, which is nowadays focussed in the Leiden University Medical Center. A trend in medicine is the expanding role of imaging, requiring the interdisciplinary cooperation between medical doctors and technical scientists. Our department, the Division of Image Processing, takes a position right there.The group’s main goal is the development and validation of innovative techniques for the analysis of medical and biological images.In addition, we aim to make high quality software, for daily use by clinicians, which is accommodated by a formal software development process and the spin-off company Medis medical imaging systems.We offer an excellent research environment in an internationally recognized group.
Website  www.lkeb.nl
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Use of Support Devices in Learning Environments
Project description  Learning environments typically include a number of support devices to support learners in their learning process. Research reveals that learners do not or inadequately use these devices. Different variables may be of influence: learner characteristics, context variables, support variables. In this project the aim is to disentangle these different influencing variables. The project involves performing a study on the use of support devices based on a clear theoretical framework, and analyzing the collected data. To do this the student is supported by a team of professors and PhD-students that work on this topic. The data that is collected is mostly logging data and assumes the student to have some knowledge of quantitative research methods; and analyses techniques. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Some basic knowledge on learning and instructional processes; some knowledge of quantitative research methods and analyses techniques.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Department of Educational Sciences, more specifically the Center for Instructional Psychology and Technology (CIP&T). The CIP&T investigates learning and teaching in specific subject domains, esp. in mathematics. Emphasis is put on the role of cognitive, metacognitive as well as affective variables in the teaching/learning process. This research takes place in ecologically valid settings and uses a diversity of quantitative and qualitative methods, including design experiments aimed at the construction and validation of powerful learning environments. In the development and validation of these learning environments, the role of ICT receives special attention.
Website  http://ppw.kuleuven.be/home/english/research/etrg/CIPT/ciptindex
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Mobile learning: learning anywhere anytime
Project description  In this project you will do research on mobile learning. Mobile learning gains increased attention because it allows learners to study when and where they want. However within instructional sciences, the question is raised on what we then ask from students, they take the train while studying, the work out while studying. In other words they perform two tasks at the same time. This multitasking aspects is the focus of this research project. Previous research has shown that learners can combine some tasks, while they cannot do so for others. A systematic literature search is needed to define and categorize different tasks and to construct instructional design guidelines to determine when multitasking is possible and when not. In order to test these guidelines a number of experiments will be carried out. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Insight in theories on learning and instruction, and basic knowledge of instructional design principles.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Katholieke Universiteit Leuven has a smaller campus in Kortrijk. Due the small scale opportunities arise to collaborate between different disciplines. The work on this research projects is part of such an interdisciplinary team, named itec (interdisciplinary research team on Technology, Education and Communication), in which educational sciences, computer sciences and linguistic works together.
Website  https://www.kuleuven-kulak.be/itec
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Forced migration, environmental risks, and conflict
Project description  The project aims at getting a better understanding of how displacement of persons, either due to conflict or environmental risks, may create or spread conflict and violence. Recent research has been able to demonstrate that conflict related refugees may create security risks in their host countries and lead to the onset of violent conflict. But not all displaced persons leave their home countries nor do all migrate because of persecution. Consequently, we wish to assess based on an intensive data collection on displaced persons whether forced migration in general may contribute to conflict and whether environment-induced migration poses the same risks of conflict as persecution leading to refugee status. The project is available in Fall 2012, Spring 2013 and Fall 2014 and is also open for graduates.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Being the largest department of political science in Switzerland it offers a BA and an MA program in political science, and also awards PhDs. It participates as well in the interdisciplinary BA in international relations. The research portfolio of its members is broad with particular strengths in comparative politics and international relations. The members of the department are also collaborating in several international research projects and entertain close links with scholars of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, and other institutions both in Switzerland and abroad.
Website  http://www.unige.ch/ses/spo/Membres/Professeurs/Hug.html http://www.unige.ch/ses/spo/static/simonhug/axa_project.htm
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Optimization of Graphene Devices
Project description  Graphene has been proposed as a candidate for many purposes, from electrodes to CMOS and post-CMOS electronics. However, in order to make electronic applications of graphene realistic, one has to necessarily tune its electronic properties, so that, for example, a bandgap can be introduced. Another important aspect of the current graphene research entails the finding of a synthetic alternative to micromechanical exfoliation for graphene production, in order to achieve high quality, large scale graphene, addressable for CMOS-compatible device fabrication The objective of this study is to explore new device architectures by manipulating the graphene properties targeting the specs of future technology nodes. The student will learn to handle graphene sheets, fabricate graphene FETs, and characterize their performance.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  In 1982 the Flemish Government set up a program in the field of microelectronics with the goal to strengthen the microelectronics industry in Flanders. The decision was inspired by the strategic importance of microelectronics for the industry, and by the major investments required to keep up with developments in this field. This program included setting up a laboratory for advanced research in microelectronics (imec), a semiconductor foundry (former Alcatel Microelectronics, now STMicroelectronics and AMI Semiconductor), and a training program for VLSI design engineers. The latter is now fully integrated in the imec activities.Imec performs world-leading research in nano-electronics and nano-technology. IMEC, performing world-leading research in nano-electronics, is a spinoff company of the University of Leuven. Its staff about 1,900) includes over 500 industrial residents and guest researchers of which several have a teaching position at the University of Leuven or elsewhere.
Website  http://www.imec.be
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Master´s position in Neuroscience-UZH/ETHZ
Project description  The laboratory of Isabelle Mansuy is looking for a highly motivated and well-trained master student to work in the field of molecular and behavioral neurobiology. The project involves the analyses of the epigenetic/non-genomic mechanisms underlying the inheritance of behavioral alterations induced by early trauma in mice. It combines molecular, epigenetic and behavioral methods. The position is in the lab of Neuroepigenetics of Prof. I. Mansuy, Brain Research Institute, University/ETH Zürich, Irchel Campus, Zürich.
Pre requisites  The project requires good knowledge in neurobiology and genetics and some methodological know-how in molecular biology, and when possible behavior.
Duration  2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Brain Research Institute is one of the best neuroscience institutes in Europe. It has multiple features that make it a remarkable research institution with strong scientific excellence, high track record, and high international recognition. It is part of the two best schools in Switzerland, the University Zürich (Medical Faculty) and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich (Department of Biology), and is fully embedded in the Neuroscience Center Zürich, which is the largest and most prominent neuroscience center in Switzerland and Europe. Its research and teaching environment is unique and is based on a long tradition of scientific excellence and forefront research in the fields of developmental biology, systems neurosciences, molecular cognition and neurophysiology.
Website  http://www.hifo.uzh.ch/research/neuroepigenetics.html
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  New Multicomponent Reactions
Project description  Multicomponent reactions (MCRs) are one-pot processes that combine three or more substrates either simultaneously (tandem, domino or cascade reactions) or through a sequential-addition procedure that does not involve any change of solvent. We work on devising processes where there is orthogonal reactivity of the functions A,B,C,D. Existing « classical » heterocyclic reactions such as the Gewald reaction or 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition are modified to a MCR version ; the challenge is to find orthogonal conditions for the reactions involved. Recently, we published an article in Angew, Chem, decribing such a powerful process. Further variations on this team will be investigated in this project, leading to compounds of biological interest.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of Chemistry in Leuven (Faculty of Science) is involved in the organization courses of Bachelor/master of (a) Chemistry and b) Biochemistry and Biotechnology (the latter together with the department of Biology). The Department houses a staff of about 30 professors and has four divisions (a) Molecular Design and Synthesis (b) Molecular and Nanomaterials (c) Quantum Chemistry and Physical chemistry and (d) Biochemistry, Molecular and Structural Biology. See website http://www.chem.kuleuven.be/department/department_en.html
Website  http://www.chem.kuleuven.be/department/department_en.html
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Investigation of quantum states at complex oxide interfaces
Project description  Complex oxides are a class of materials which exhibit a rich variety of physical properties like magnetism, ferroelectricity, and superconductivity. The experimental realization of atomically controlled oxide interfaces opens a new path to design artificial properties and study intriguing phenomena. In this project, the student will join a research team that is actively exploring quantum phenomena at a superconducting oxide interface. Samples are prepared in house using advanced oxide thin film deposition techniques and screened by different characterization techniques. The student will participate in the realization of transistor-like devices for the measurements of the electrical behavior at cryogenic temperatures. The duration of the project is flexible.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Department of Condensed Matter Physics The Department of Condensed Matter Physics (DPMC) has an established track record in the development and investigation of novel materials. The Department competencies and facilities include optical spectroscopy (Prof. van der Marel), scanning tunneling spectroscopy (Prof. Fischer and Prof. Renner), thin film growth and transport properties (Prof. Morpurgo and Prof. Triscone), local probes (Prof. Paruch) and theory (Prof. Georges and Prof. Giamarchi).
Website  http://dpmc.unige.ch/gr_triscone/index.php3
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Fields of interest
Project description  
Pre requisites  Advanced undergraduate/honours/(post)graduate students Strong interest in research GPA of 3.4 or higher. Specific subject requirements may apply per single project.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  To be decided, depending on research area / field of study.
Website  
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Environment and Society
Project description  Project on demand. The Rachel Carson Center welcomes applications in the fields of Environment and Society. The project is open for recently graduated undergraduates who have not yet started in their graduate program. And is also open to for graduate student.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Rachel Carson Center (a joint initiative of LMU Munich and the Deutsches Museum) furthers research and discussion in the field of international environmental studies and strengthens the role of the humanities in the current political and scientific debates about the environment. Special emphasis is placed on international, comparative, and historical perspectives. The Center brings together leading academics from all over the world who work on the complex relationship between nature and culture across disciplines. Individual projects focus on different time periods and different geographic areas. This international think tank discusses and analyzes the role of human actors and the role of nature in this relationship. The Center’s working language is English.
Website  http://www.carsoncenter.uni-muenchen.de/index.html
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Spin-photon coupling in 4f transition metal oxides
Project description  Photons carry internal angular momentum ±ħ parallel to their propagation direction. This interesting property of photons has remained largely unexplored. Yet, with proper materials engineering, it offers very interesting perspectives in science and technology. When a photon is absorbed by a magnetic substance, it carries over its angular momentum ħ to the material. In a magnetic material where the magnetization is fully saturated, only photons carrying angular momentum -ħ are absorbed, as we demonstrated in Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 217601 (2011). Consequently we can use photons to manipulate and control the magnetic state of Eu-based insulating nanoparticles. The principles studied here may lead to novel forms of integrating optical control of information storages. We welcome Master students motivated to contribute to this project.
Pre requisites  Bachelor in Physics
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Dept.of Condensed Matter Physics (DPMC) at U of Geneva is known for his studies of electronic materials with unconventional properties and is headquarters of the National Center of Excellence in Research, MaNEP.Novel states of matter are discovered at regular intervals, incl.different forms of magnetism used in electro motion and magnetic storage devices, superconductivity used for magnet design and lossless power transmission, and many other forms of behaviour resulting from correlated motion of electrons in solids. Characterizing and understanding the next generation of electronic materials and devices require increasingly sophisticated experimental techniques such scanning probe microscopes, novel optical techniques,X-ray,neutron, and photoelectron spectroscopy.These techniques allow detailed mapping of the landscape of atoms, charge and spin and unveil the properties and functionalities of novel perspective materials. All these aspects form part of the research program of DPMC.
Website  http://optics.unige.ch/
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Fighting homegrown terrorism: the end of multiculturalism in Europe?
Project description  What is the impact of counter-radicalization policies on multiculturalism and migrant membership in Europe? Multiculturalism has been pronounced “dead” in Europe, the main reason behind this “backlash” being the need of fighting “homegrown terrorism”, a danger understood as linked to diaspora ghettoization and ethnic and religious separateness. Counter-radicalization policies should therefore be at the vanguard of an assimilationist and anti-multiculturalist turn. Yet is it the case? Studies have shown that multicultural practices continue under different guises. Building on these findings, and through a comparison of Britain, France and the Netherlands, the project explores the hypothesis that counter-radicalization policies do not mark a return to assimilationist policies. Instead, through everyday practices of policing, they perpetuate and reinforce the ethno-religious division of national “communities”. Is the consequence of these policies is to remove fundamental questions about pluralism and citizenship from the political debate, casting them instead in the technical language of security? The projects starts per 1 February 2012 and runs through 1 November 2015 and is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  There are no specific requirements for this project. Knowledge of Arabic, Dutch, French or Turkish is an advantage, but not a requirement. Strong interest and motivation are a plus. The project is also open to recently graduated undergraduates who have not yet started in their graduate program and the project is also open for graduated. Applicants can take part in one or more phases of the project 1) statistical analysis 2) In-depth interviews with counter-terrorism experts 3) "Embedded" ethnographic observation 4) Writing and presentation of results 5) Elaboration of an interactive teaching and training module, including video, animation and complex data visualization.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Institute of Political Science current research programme is primarily concerned with the analysis of institutions, in the broadest sense of that term. That is, political institutions are more than the simple aggregations of individual political activity, but provide the rules and pay-off structures that constrain individual behaviour, and that also contribute to the formation of political preferences. The institute is however a place that favours intellectual independence and lets individual researchers choose freely their preferred area of research.
Website  
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Fields of interest: Projects in Psychology
Project description  Research projects are always designed individually, tailored to the interests of the student and the expertise of the supervisor. If you are interested in a research project at the University of Zurich, Department of Psychology, please describe your fields of interest and your skills in these fields clearly. We will then try to find the best matching project for you. Research project open for recently graduated undergraduates (but not yet started in their graduate program) and for graduate students.
Pre requisites  Very good basic knowledge in the different fields of psychology and in research methods is required.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Department of Psychology at the University of Zurich is one of the biggest Departments of Psychology in the German speaking world. 20 professors hold chairs in Cognitive Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Lifespan Development and Individual Differences, Clinical and Health Psychology as well as in Social, Organizational and Business Psychology. Nearly 2500 students are enrolled in our Bachelor’s and Master’s Programs. The Department has an excellent international reputation for research in basic and applied Psychology.
Website  http://www.psychologie.uzh.ch/index_en.html
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  How do Biomolecules get in Touch?
Project description  With the presently available amount of genetic information, a lot of attention focuses on systems biology and in particular on biomolecular interactions. Considering the huge number of such interactions, and their often weak and transient nature, conventional experimental methods such as X-ray crystallography and NMR spectroscopy will not be sufficient to gain structural insight into those. A wealth of biochemical and/or biophysical data can however easily be obtained for biomolecular complexes. Next to experimental data, bioinformatic predictions can be made based for example on amino-acid sequence conservation. Combining the predicted and/or experimental information with docking, the process of modeling the 3D structure of a complex from its known constituents, should provide valuable structural information and complement the classical structural methods. Goals: The goal of this project is to investigate how already available interface mapping data obtained from a variety of techniques such as mass spectrometry and bioinformatic predictions can help in the modeling of biomolecular complexes. This information will be translated into structural restraints that will be introduced in the data-driven docking approach HADDOCK developed in the computational structural biology group. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester. Duration, depending on the project between 3-9 months.
Pre requisites  3rd year bachelor level (or master level); Knowledge of structural biology; Some degree of familiarity with molecular modeling software and linux is a plus.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Research within the computational structural biology group focuses on the development of reliable bioinformatic and computational approaches to predict, model and dissect biomolecular interactions at atomic level. For this, bioinformatic data, structural information and available biochemical or biophysical experimental data are combined to drive the modelling process. By following a holistic approach integrating various experimental information sources with computational structural biology methods we aim at obtaining a comprehensive description of the structural and dynamic landscape of complex biomolecular machines, adding the structural dimension to interaction networks and opening the route to systematic and genome-wide studies of biomolecular interactions.
Website  http://nmr.chem.uu.nl/~abonvin; http://nmr.chem.uu.nl/Education/bmprojects.php; http://haddock.chem.uu.nl
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  The Role of Media in/for Conflicts: Causing or Preventing Conflict? An International Analysis
Project description  The role of media in conflicts appears ambivalent: Strategic disinformation, propaganda, chaotic communication or lack of information have worsened or even caused violent conflicts. On the other hand, media have potential for de-escalation or even prevention. People who are interested in the following research agenda are most welcome: (1) Diffusion and proliferation of specific interpretations (= frames) of a conflict within and between both public & policy discourse: (2) Temporal dynamics and transmissions of these interpretations (= framing) of conflicts, mostly in public (mass media) discourse, both within the conflict areas themselves and in the international environment (3) Escalating or de‐escalating role such dynamics and transmissions may have within the development of the conflict (media in conflict area(s) themselves & international media coverage) [1 – 3 including pre‐and post‐conflict phases, gender aspect & international comparability (across: states & cultures, different political & media systems, different political players (NGOs, decision makers, PR…)] Interested students need to have a: - good/accurate English writing skills/style; - knowledge of the respective field of research (international);
Pre requisites  profound knowledge of quantitative and qualitative content analysis with an emphasis on framing analysis as well as respective methods of data analysis; contingent: SPSS
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  ounded in 1924 at MU, the Institut für Kommunikationswissenschaft und Medienforschung/Division of is one of the biggest research institutes of its kind in the German speaking countries – also one of the most famous. Nowadays, 7 professors and some 30 assistants teach and research there. IfKW offers a BA and MA programs in communications, master journalism, mass media as a minor, and it participates in a media informatics program with an enrollment of over a 1.000 students.Research and teaching at IfKW encompass various theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches. Main fields of research are media effects, audience research, international communication, media economy, media structures, journalism and public relations and new media developments. Through 5 interdisciplinary curricula, the institute’s academic staff ensures that students receive a thorough academic education, direct integration in research projects and practical training.
Website  http://www.ifkw.lmu.de/lehrbereiche/froehlich/index.html
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Institution  Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Research Project Title  The Proliferation of Multilateral Funds. Explaining the shift towards non-core multilateral aid and related institutions.
Project description  Non-core multilateral aid has been increasing over the last twenty years at the expense of traditional multilateral aid. Non-core aid refers to voluntary contributions by bilateral donors earmarked for specific development purposes. Hence, multilateral organizations are increasingly facing the challenge to manage ever more donor-financed funds, in addition to their regular tasks. This may undermine efficiency of aid delivery. Moreover, the proliferation of multilateral funds leads to a fragmentation of aid and therefore may adversely affect development effectiveness. The project seeks to understand the mechanisms of this new trend of non-core multilateral aid and proposes to be the first in-depth analysis on that matter. Practitioners from various international organizations and scholars from different disciplines participate in this innovative project. Final outcomes of the research shall include policy recommendations. Project is also open to recently graduated undergraduate students who have not yet started their graduate program and also to graduate students.
Pre requisites  Interest in international organizations, political economy, and data collection.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences at the University of Heidelberg unites the three disciplines of Economics, Sociology, and Political Science in a common research and teaching effort. Based on their disciplinary strength, the three disciplines co-operate in the analysis of economic, political and social institutions as the framework shaping behaviour in the economic, political, and social domain. The Faculty offers a BA and MA in sociology, political science and economics, and also awards PhDs. The Alfred Weber Institute (AWI) of Economics is part of the Faculty. Its members teach and research in on economic theory, economic policy, political economy and public economics. The research in development economics benefits from the close collaboration with the South Asia Institute. The members of the department are also collaborating in several international research projects.
Website  http://www.uni-heidelberg.de/fakultaeten/wiso/awi/professuren/intwipol/dreher.html
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  The proliferation of multilateral funds. Explaining the shift towards non-core multilateral aid and related institutions
Project description  More and more, non-core multilateral aid has been increasing over the last twenty year in place of traditional multilateral aid. This multiplication of funds may lead to a fragmentation of aid, and therefore affects its effectiveness. This project seeks to understand the mechanisms of this new trend for non-core multilateral aid and proposes to be the first in depth analysis on that matter. The project is also open for recently graduated undergrads who have not yet started their graduate programme. And is also open for graduate students.
Pre requisites  Interest in international organisations, political economy and data collection.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Being the largest department of political science in Switzerland it offers a BA and an MA program in political science, and also awards PhDs. It participates as well in the interdisciplinary BA in international relations. The research portfolio of its members is broad with particular strengths in comparative politics and international relations. The members of the department are also collaborating in several international research projects and entertain close links with scholars of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, and other institutions both in Switzerland and abroad
Website  http://www.unige.ch/ses/spo/Membres/Professeurs/Hug.html
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Institution  University of Helsinki
Research Project Title  Synthesis of Marine Bioactive Compounds and Their Derivatives
Project description  Biodiversity in the sea is a potential source for novel drug candidates. The goal of this project is to modify synthetically marine-based heterocyclic bioactive compounds more active and improve their ADME-properties. Synthetic medicinal chemistry approaches will be highly focused and iterative with biological testing. The plan is to synthesize a library of marine-based analogs and screen them against many type of targets (e.g. cancer, ion-channels, microbes) since the collection of novel type of structures possesses wide-ranging potential. This project will be part of MAREX (EU FP7 Project): Exploring Marine Resources for Bioactive Compounds - From Discovery to Sustainable Production and Industrial Applications www.marex.fi. This project is a joint effort of 19 academic, research institute, and industrial partners from 13 countries. MAREX plans to go through the whole discovery path from sourcing of marine organisms from the sea to cultivation, compound isolation, characterization, bioactivity screening to synthetic optimization of active molecules. The project is also open to graduate students and undergraduates who have not started in their graduate program yet. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Basic laboratory skills in organic chemistry and structure determination of organic compounds.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Medicinal Chemistry group is one of the three multidisciplinary research groups within the Division of Pharmaceutical Chemistry. We aim at establishing a strong, interdisciplinary technology platform based on high-quality academic drug discovery research, developing key technologies in this field, discovering new bioactive compounds, and educating competent researchers. The overall rating of a scientific evaluation of the unit when considered alongside Schools of Pharmacy and similar research centers in Europe was regarded as excellent in 2004. Finally, the unit was considered to provide "an excellent learning environment for post-doctoral fellows and postgraduate and undergraduate students" by the Academy of Finland appointed evaluators in the recent research evaluation "Chemistry Research in Finland 2005-2009". In addition, it was stated that "The unit should maintain its research direction and level of achievement, which is of high quality in an important societal area".
Website  http://www.helsinki.fi/pharmacy/chemtech/en/index.html; www.marex.fi
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Institution  University of Helsinki
Research Project Title  Homo- and heterogenous gold catalysis
Project description  Helaja research group investigates homo- and heterogeneous gold catalysis, targeting new organic reactivity and ultimately novel reactions as a research goal. The strategy in homogenous catalysis research relies on computer aided design of new carbene ligands for Au(III) with state of the art computational methods. With the developed ligands the research objectives are additive-free gold catalysis, asymmetric catalysis, mixed organo-gold catalysis and improved activity needed in C-H activations. Heterogeneous catalysis development has focus in C-H activation and homocoupling reactions of which we have thus far performed proof of principle examples. Future aim is to perform C-C cross coupling reactions involving C-H activations. Heterogeneous catalysis development relies on gold NPs catalysts synthesis carried out together with Dr. Lopez-Sanchez group in Liverpool, UK.The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester. The project is also open to graduate and undergraduate student who have not yet started their graduate programme.
Pre requisites  
Duration  2 semesters
Faculty Department  Department of chemistry aims give education and perform research on top European scale according to strategy of University of Helsinki. The department is consisted of seven research laboratories and teacher education unit. The research laboratories cover analytical, inorganic, physical, organic, polymer and radio chemistry. Quite a few research groups in the department are nationally on the cutting edge level, several are also internationally among leaders in their research fields. Department has wide range of modern analytic, spectroscopic and synthetic facilities allowing research for instance in synthetic chemistry in it several dimensions, starting from ALD surfaces, catalyst development, isotopic labeling, fine chemical synthesis and biomolecule transformations to materials.
Website  
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Family Law Authorities
Project description  Family law is an area of law in constant development, nationally as well as on an international level. While much attention is given to the development of the substantive law, less attention is given to those authorities who make decisions in family law (ordinary courts, specialised courts, administrative public authorities). The rapid development in the use of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) in family law proceedures (pre- and post-divorce), the call for simplified family and divorce proceedings and the concern for the position of the child in such proceedings as well as the internationalisation of family law warrant further investigation into the characteristics and development of national family law authorities. The project is also open for graduate students and is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Molengraaff Institute for Private Law, Section Family Law, Comparative Law and International Private Law, also hosting the Utrecht Centre for European Research in Family Law (UCERF). The UCERF collates and promotes research in the field of family and inheritance law from a comparative, international and multidisciplinary approach. The expertise centre also devotes attention to teaching and other service activities, such as the provision of legal advice, see further on www.ucerf.nl/.
Website  http://www.ucerf.nl/ucerf-home/
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Ancient Glass and Modern Sand
Project description  Ancient glass was traded as chunks from late Bronze age to early Medieval times. ‘Primary’ workshops produced raw glass and were distinct from ‘secondary’ workshops that shaped glass. Excavations made clear that large quantities of 4th to 8th century AD natron glass were made in ‘primary’ glass production centres mainly in Egypt and Syro-Palestine using local sands. The existence of similar units in the Levant in Roman times is described by ancient authors and has been suggested on analytical grounds. Strabo in his Geographica,, Flavius Josephus in De Bello Judaico and Plinius Secundus (Pliny the Elder) in the Naturae Historia mention several sand beds used for glass making in the early Roman world, but stress the qualities of the sand in the estuary of the river Belus. Conversely, some ancient and modern authors have indicated that primary production also took place elsewhere in the Hellenistic-Roman world. Pliny the Elder writes that also sands from the coast of Italy, Gaul and Spain were used and also Strabo hints towards primary production of colourless glass on the Italian mainland. In a study by our research group, Hellenistic-Roman glass from the east and west of the empire analysed with newly developed Sr-Nd isotopic techniques, showed exotic compositions proving the primary production location of this glass in the western Roman Empire and demonstrates the methodological potential of primary provenancing within the project proposed. However, it is not entirely clear yet how the Sr-Nd balance of an ancient glass is made up, and how it evolves through processing and time. The intention of the research project is to make (melt) glass from the several sand sources around the Mediterranean realm, and study how the isotopic composition of this glass is made up from it’s raw materials, and how it evolves through re-melting, burial and weathering. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Background in Science and/or Anthropology/Archaeology.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  In the past decades, at the K.U.Leuven, there have been several examples of cooperation between archaeological projects and several disciplines from the exact sciences. In the light of the increasing importance of interdisciplinary research in archaeology, it was decided in 2005 to create a Centre for Archaeological Sciences. The main goal of this interdisciplinary centre is to support archaeological research projects with an extensive and in-depth experience built up in the Faculties of Exact Sciences, Bio-medical Sciences and Engineering in Leuven. The section Geology, department of Earth and Environmental Sciences of the K.U.Leuven is member of this centre. All state-of-the-art analytical equipment necessary for this research project is available there.
Website  http://www.archscience.be; http://ees.kuleuven.be
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Role and clinical interest of membrane GRP78 against ovarian cancer
Project description  Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) is a chaperone protein involved in folding of proteins. It is necessary for the survival of stressed cells such as cancer cells and could induce invasion of tumour cells by an unknown mechanism that we would like to study. This protein is an endopasmic reticulum-associated protein but it was also observed on cell membranes on some cancer cells. This localization, specific of some cancer cells, suggests that GRP78 could be relevant cell surface target for therapeutic intervention. We are interested in the role of GRP78, and particularly membrane GRP78 in ovarian carcinogenesis, and its utility for targeted nanotherapy. The project is also open for graduates and starts per the Spring 2013 semester.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Gynecology and Obstetrics department consists of groups of researchers whose main concern is the women patient. Thus it directs its research projects towards new therapeutic solutions, improvement of tools for diagnosis, prevention, quality of care and psychosocial-oriented care.
Website  http://medweb1.unige.ch/recherche/groupes/b_donnees/sujet_927_1.html
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Experimental Psycholinguistics
Project description  Students are invited to participate in lab research in a number of different projects and specific research fields, which include word boundary perception in infants across different phonological (metrical) systems (technique: eye tracking), effects of emotion on language processing (technique: ERP measurements), acquisition of focus in infants across different languages, loss of (non-) native fluency in old age, phonological language acquisition in children with SLI and those at risk of developing dyslexia, word retrieval in stroke patients, sentence complexity in textbooks, reading behaviour in old age, etc. Experimental research is supported by excellent lab facilities, including an EEG/ERP lab, a baby lab, eye-trackers, and access to fMRI (in collaboration with the UMC Utrecht). Theoretical and computational research is supported by an extended infrastructure of computational and library facilities. The project is also open for recently graduated undergraduate students and for current graduate students.
Pre requisites  A strong background in linguistics or psycholinguistics consisting of at least 2 consecutive courses at BA level and good grades, lab experience at least with off-line experiments.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Utrecht Institute of Linguistics UiL OTS unites roughly 70 permanent researchers and 50 temporary researchers (PhD students and post-docs), affiliated with the Department of Languages, literature and communication. Linguistic research carried out at UiL OTS focuses on the architecture of the linguistic system as part of human cognition, the psychological and neurological processes underlying language acquisition and processing, and the use of language in communicative contexts. Experimental research is supported by excellent lab facilities, including an EEG/ERP lab, a baby lab, eye-trackers, and access to fMRI (in collaboration with the UMC Utrecht). UiL OTS participates in the UU focus areas Neuroscience & Cognition, Education & Learning Sciences and Youth & Identity. Experimental research is supported by excellent lab facilities, including an EEG/ERP lab, a baby lab, eye-trackers, and access to fMRI (in collaboration with the UMC Utrecht). Theoretical and computational research is supported by an extended infrastructure of computational and library facilities.
Website  http://www.uu.nl/faculty/humanities/EN/research/research-institutes/uilots/Pages/default2.aspx
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Multicomponent reactions
Project description  Multicomponent reactions lately have been the centre of interest because of the possibility to create libraries of compounds by combintion of sublibratries of each of the building blocks. In the laboratory of organic synthesis such a three component reaction has been described recently, and the resulting pyrrole compounds have been further transformed to fused pyrroles and fluorescing pyrrolopyrrole compounds. We want to further expand the synthetic possibilities of this reaction by adding a fourth reactive component in situ, making this a four-component reaction with even wider potential. The challenge lays in finding conditions in which the four components react in the right order with each other, combined with an easy separation technique (e.g. crystallisation). The resulting compounds will be submitted to the biological groups of the KU Leuven for several types of biological screening including an SAR study of anti-HIV activity, anticancer studies, and the investigation of their anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory properties. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester. Research project is open for recently graduated undergraduates (but who have not yet started in their graduate program) and also for graduate students.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of Chemistry in Leuven (Faculty of Science) is involved in the organization courses of Bachelor/master of (a) Chemistry and b) Biochemistry and Biotechnology (the latter together with the department of Biology). The Department houses a staff of about 30 professors and has four divisions (a) Molecular Design and Synthesis (b) Molecular and Nanomaterials (c) Quantum Chemistry and Physical chemistry and (d) Biochemistry, Molecular and Structural Biology. See website http://chem.kuleuven.be/en
Website  http://chem.kuleuven.be/en
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Efficient synthesis of benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b’]dithiophenes and their analogs-building blocks
Project description  Full name of research project: Efficient synthesis of benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b’]dithiophenes and their analogs-building blocks of dyes for high performance solar cells. The sun remains an underutilized carbon-neutral source of energy. Solar cells based on inorganic materials have already shown good efficiency in harvesting solar energy but are quite costly at the stage of device fabrication. Therefore, currently there is a huge effort to develop organic photovoltaic (OPV) materials, with the hope of lower cost and easier production. Electron donating semiconducting small molecules and polymers have been used together with fullerides as active layers in solution-processed bulk heterojunction solar cells. Power-conversion efficiency of organic solar cells is steadily rising but still lower than the inorganic counterparts. Several research groups have used organic donors based on the benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b’]dithiophene unit. The reported synthesis of this moiety uses a methodology starting from expensive thiophene building blocks and is not very atom-economic. We propose a new and simple methodology starting from inexpensive hydroquinone and sulfur reagents. The method should also allow to introduce different substituents and hence lead to building blocks that are suitable for the formation of oligomers or polymeric materials. Generic application of the methodology to naphthalene or anthracene starting materials could then lead to analogs with expanded π–surface and enhanced donor properties. This is essentially a project on synthetic methodology. The polymerization reactions, material and device properties will be studied at a later phase of the project, in collaboration with other groups. Therefore, we are looking for a student with interest in organic synthesis mainly. Knowledge of polymer chemistry, or of the physical chemistry of the materials could be an asset but is not needed at the start of the project. Project is available in Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of Chemistry in Leuven (Faculty of Science) is involved in the organization courses of Bachelor/master of (a) Chemistry and b) Biochemistry and Biotechnology (the latter together with the department of Biology). The Department houses a staff of about 30 professors and has four divisions (a) Molecular Design and Synthesis (b) Molecular and Nanomaterials (c) Quantum Chemistry and Physical chemistry and (d) Biochemistry, Molecular and Structural Biology. See website http://www.chem.kuleuven.be/department/department_en.html
Website  http://chem.kuleuven.be/en
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Regulation of gene expression by long non-coding Alu RNA
Project description  Alu repeats are short interspersed genomic elements which exist mainly in primates. Alu elements are “jumping genes”, which can move from one chromosome location to another via an RNA intermediate. Alu elements were regarded as “junk DNA” but several studies over the past years have highlighted important regulatory functions of the non-coding Alu RNA transcribed from Alu elements. We have shown that Alu RNA forms a complex with the protein heterodimer SRP9/14, named Alu RNP, which can interfere with protein synthesis revealing a novel primate-specific translational control mechanism. To elucidate the molecular events that lead to the inhibition of translation initiation and the scope of its regulatory potential, we use a wide range of molecular biology and biochemistry techniques such as expression and purification of RNA and protein and assembly of different translation complexes as well as immunofluorescence and in situ hybridization in mammalian tisue culture cells. The project is also open for recently graduated undergraduates and for graduats. The project is available in Fall 2012 and Spring 2013.
Pre requisites  Interest in molecular mechanisms and a good knowledge in molecular and cellular biology would be an advantage.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Our department comprises six research groups working on different topics such as RNA splicing, molecular chaperone machines, hormone signaling, noncoding RNAs, nuclear cytoplasmic transport, mitochondrial functions and apoptosis, ER translocation and Alu RNA functions in posttranscriptional gene regulation. Our department has a weekly journal club and progress report given by the post-doctoral, doctoral and master students. Several departments together organize a lecture series given by outstanding scientists working in all areas of biology. Our department is also part of the International PhD Program in Basic and Applied Life Sciences.
Website  http://cms.unige.ch/sciences/biologie/bicel/Strub/
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Experimental Studies of Exotic Nuclei
Project description  This experimental project is situated in the field of radioactive beam research and aims at a fundamental study of the properties of isotopes with an unusual proton-to-neutron ratio. These studies help unraveling the interactions between the nucleons at work inside the atomic nucleus. As these isotopes are not available on earth they are produced and purified at Isotope Separator On-Line facilities like e.g. ISOLDE at CERN (Geneva, Switzerland). Our research group is heavily involved in the ISOLDE project and we use a wide spectrum of experimental techniques to study a specific set of exotic nuclei (e.g. decay studies and nuclear reactions using state of the art solid-state detector systems, laser spectroscopy methods). The experiments take place at CERN but the preparation of the experiment (e.g. detector testing) and the data analysis are performed at our institute in Leuven. The final outcome of the experiments is not only relevant for fundamental nuclear physics research, but also for nuclear astrophysics (e.g. explosive nucleosynthesis scenario’s). The student will participate in the preparatory phase of the experiment, the experiment itself (if the beam time schedule coincides with the period) and the data analysis and interpretation. The research project available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Basic course in Nuclear Physics. The research project is also open for recently graduated undergrads who have not yet started their graduate programme. And is also open for graduates. Students should be available for at least 6 months.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The mission of the department of Physics and Astronomy is the exploration of the physical realities with mathematical, computational, experimental and observational techniques. Fifteen teams perform research on an international level and along five major axes of research. These are situated in the field of Acoustics and Thermal Physics, Astronomy, Nuclear and Radiation Physics, Solid-State Physics and Magnetism and Theoretical Physics. Publication of research results in top journals and attracting top level scientists is a priority for the department. The department is responsible for the teaching of basic physics courses in several study programmes.
Website  http://fys.kuleuven.be/iks/ns/home
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Time-travelling with the largest telescopes: from the first galaxies to the peak of the star formation history of the Universe
Project description  While we live in a rather nice, blueish and reasonably healthy spiral galaxy that we call the Milky Way, we are certainly not alone. In fact, it looks like the Universe contains almost as much as a trillion galaxies, each with hundreds of billions of stars. But how and when were they formed? Which were the first ones to exist? What they did look like in the past? Where and through which mechanisms did they form and evolve to become the galaxies we see today? By using the largest telescopes with a unique widescreen technology as time machines (observing trips are included!), the student will be able to follow galaxies such as ours up to the very beginnings of their origins. By combining the results with other follow-up observations, we will finally be able to understand how galaxies are formed and how they have developed during the last 13 million years.The project is available in the Fall and Spring semesters. And is open to graduate and undergraduate student who have not yet started in their graduate program.
Pre requisites  Highly motivated towards research and a strong interest in Astronomy and Astrophysics (including willingness to observe at major telescopes with supervision); reasonably good computing skills/willingness to acquire them.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Leiden Faculty of Science is home to a strong confident research community. Ambition, team spirit and dedication are at the heart of our success. As we explore our way into the twenty-first century, the talent of our people, combined with an efficient organization will continue to lift our standard of academic performance.
Website  http://home.strw.leidenuniv.nl/~sobral
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  The causes of forgetting
Project description  Though forgetting information that we try to maintain for a short period of time such as a phone number or a direction is a ubiquitous phenomenon, the causes of this rapid forgetting remain undecided. The project aims at testing the hypothesis that time plays a causal role in this phenomenon, something that has not yet been empirically established in cognitive psychology. For this purpose, we have developed in our lab computer-paced memory tasks in which participants have to maintain series of to-be-recalled items (e.g., letters) while performing some intervening task (e.g., solving arithmetic problems) the duration of which is manipulated. Based on our model of working memory, the Time-Based Resource-Sharing model, we predict that recall performance should be a function of the duration of the intervening activity. The project involves two or three experiments on adults and requires a good training in experimental cognitive psychology. duration can be flexible. Project NOT available in Spring 2015.
Pre requisites  Bachelor in psychology
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The department of psychology of the University of Geneva is situated close to downtown Geneva. It is located in a splendid building that hosts lecture halls, library, offices, labs, and a cafeteria. The department accepts about 200 students per year and has Masters Programs in clinical, developmental, affective, social, and cognitive psychology. All classes are taught in French, but the lab language is English.
Website  www.unige.ch/fapse/decopsy
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Role of the mitochondrial pyruvate carrier in cancer
Project description  During apoptosis, Bax a proapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family permeabilizes the outer mitochondrial membrane to allow release of cytochrome c and consequent caspase activation and cell death. This is a key event during apoptosis. The goal of the project is to understand how Bax porates the mitochondrial membrane. Techniques of biophysics and biochemistry, using recombinant proteins and liposomes, combined with imaging, will be developed to test whether Bax forms a pore or whether Bax damages the membrane through a different mechanism. Duration can be flexible.
Pre requisites  
Duration  2 semesters
Faculty Department  In this department, scientists work on the mechanisms of mRNA splicing (Pr. Kramer), mRNA nuclear export and on the role of small RNA in the control of gene transcription (Prof. Stutz), chaperones and oestrogen receptor signaling pathways (Prof. Picard), on protein trafficking (Prof- Strub) and on apoptosis (Prof. Martinou).
Website  http://www.unige.ch/sciences/biologie/bicel/Martinou/
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  "Unconscious” affect and effort related cardiovascular response
Project description  This project aims to further advance the understanding of how masked stimuli (affect primes) can influence effort mobilization for cognitive tasks. We are especially interested in the impact of masked affective stimuli. The first set of studies conducted in this project revealed replicated evidence for the systematic impact of masked affective stimuli on effort-related cardiovascular response (ß-adrenergic sympathetic discharge to the heart, Obrist, 1981; Wright, 1996). Moreover, we have found evidence for the direct priming of effort mobilization and we have elaborated our theorizing about the process via which masked affective stimuli can take effect on resource mobilisation.
Pre requisites  Fluency in French, good knowledge in experimental research
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Geneva Motivation Lab, directed by Guido Gendolla, is part of the Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science (FPSE) at the University of Geneva. Our research and teaching projects comprise basic processes of motivation, affective processes, self-regulation, and learning as well as applied issues like health psychology and the application of motivation research. Most of our research involves physiological measures, particularly the activity of the cardiovascualr system.
Website  http://www.unige.ch/fapse/motivation/index.html
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Renaturalizing Cities (In French: Les natures de la ville)
Project description  Cities are often thought of as the spaces of culture par excellence, removed from nature. Yet cities are fundamentally full of life, both human and non-human. Recent scholarship has renewed interest in considering such places through the prism of nature. In this project, we seek to interrogate what cities are – and what nature in such places is – in order to explore how such places can be made more open to life. We explore not only what plant and animal species are valued, planted, bred or cultivated but also who is involved in speaking on behalf of nature. The project involves ethnographic fieldwork using video to record contrasting emerging practices of a variety of actors, from citizen gardeners to city parks. We focus on the categorisation of species in terms of ‘good’ / ‘bad’ nature and on the identification and control of invasive and alien species. Case study: Switzerland. Available in Fall 2014 - February 2015.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The department of geography currently brings together 26 researchers, 15 doctoral students and 3 support staff. It has a vibrant research culture, with 15 large research projects on a variety of topics, including environmental governance, territorial development and urban studies. There are both BA and MA programmes, and an active doctoral school for PhD candidates run in collaboration with other French-language geography departments in Switzerland.
Website  http://www.unige.ch/ses/geo/recherche/projets.html
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Projects in Parenting and Special Education
Project description  The research group consists of seven professors (academic supervisors) with expertise in specific research domains: Bea Maes (intellectual disabilities; profound intellectual and multiple disabilities), Pol Ghesquière (learning disorders; dyslexia; dyscalculia), Ilse Noens (autism spectrum disorders), Katja Petry (special needs education; inclusive education; chronic illness), Karla Van Leeuwen (parenting; family issues), Guy Bosmans (attachment; behavior disorders; child welfare), Bert De Smedt (educational neuroscience; individual differences in mathematical development) and Dieter Baeyens (ADHD).The group additionally comprises post-docs, PhD-students, research/teaching assistants and clinicians. Students interested in one of the research domains of the research group can contact one of the academic supervisors directly to discuss the possibility of their involvement in a research project. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  2 Methodological course units in research methods.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Parenting and Special Education Research Group is part of the Department of Educational Sciences at the Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences. The group has a wide variety of research lines, including social and neurocognitive investigations of developmental disorders, child welfare, special needs education and parenting.
Website  http://ppw.kuleuven.be/english/pserg/
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Renewable Energy with Fast Flying Tethered Airfoils Driven by the Wind - Modelling, Simulation, and Optimization
Project description  The EuroScholars student will join a young and very international research team that investigates a novel way to harness wind power by fast flying tethered airfoils. The team is funded by a five year project of the European Research Council (ERC), HIGHWIND http://www.highwind.be. The young technology is currently investigated by worldwide about 15 research teams, mostly startup companies in the US and the EU, to nearly all of which the HIGHWIND team has excellent contacts. Aim of the HIGHWIND project is to investigate the technology in simulation and optimization studies and build a small scale prototype, an airplane with a wingspan of 2 meter, that will be automatically controlled. The student project concerns the optimization and control of the apparatus in simulations and in experiments, jointly with a PhD student and a cosupervising post-doc. The student will learn to proficiently use advanced optimization tools in her/his project and be embedded into the training activities of K.U. Leuven's Center of Excellence in Optimization in Engineering, OPTEC, a consortium of 20 professors and in total 70 researchers in five engineering departments, of which the supervising professor is the principal investigator. Project is avalable in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  2 years of studies of engineering, physics, or mathematics.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The department of Electrical Engineering – ESAT - is a team of professors, researchers and students who deliver high-quality international research and education in the area of electrical engineering, electronics and information processing. The ultimate characteristic of this department is the strong combination of research and education activities. ESAT works on many technical innovations in the fields of energy, integrated circuits, information processing, image- and speech processing and telecommunication systems which clearly shows in the numerous publications and research projects. Furthermore the department is the starting point of many spin-off companies. With more than 300 PhD students, 200 master students and 100 staff members of whom 30 are professors, ESAT is a strong and renowned international research and educational department. http://www.esat.kuleuven.be/english
Website  http://www.highwind.be
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Evolutionary Developmental Biology
Project description  We seek to understand the molecular and developmental basis of evolutionary change. As model organism we use the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum. By comparing its development to Drosophila and other insects, we can infer what changes happened in the respective evolutionary lineages. Current research focuses on the role of the serosa, the immune defence and cell adhesion. For more information, students can contact the Academic Supervisor: Dr. Maurijn van der Zee m.van.der.zee@biology.leidenuniv.nl The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Preferably some experience with molecular biology.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Evolutionary Biology. The department of evolutionary biology in Leiden has a strong tradition in ecology and plasticity of the butterfly Bicyclus anynana. Current research focuses on “evo-devo” (evolutionary developmental biology) using the beetle Tribolium castaneum
Website  http://www.science.leidenuniv.nl/index.php/ibl/zee
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  Noradrenergic control of human cognition
Project description  Animal research and computational modeling have indicated an important role for the locus coeruleus-norepinephrine system in the regulation of attention and behavior. Recent theories suggest that this neuromodulatory system plays a critical role in the optimization of behavioral performance—by facilitating responses to motivationally significant stimuli—and in regulating the tradeoff between the stability and flexibility of cognitive states. However, until recently, crucial empirical tests of these theories in human subjects have been lacking. This is not so surprising since the study of neuromodulation in humans poses considerable methodological challenges. The aim of this research program is (i) to develop and validate noninvasive measures and methods for investigating noradrenergic function in humans; and (ii) to use these tools to test predictions of theories of noradrenergic function. Functional MRI, EEG, and pharmacological manipulations are some of the key methods used in the research program. Project will be available in Spring or Fall semester 2015.Both dates are negotiable.
Pre requisites  Some courses on experimental psychology, cognitive neuroscience or related disciplines. Practical experience with MRI or EEG would be helpful but is not necessary.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The academic supervisor is associate professor in the Cognitive Psychology Unit of the Department of Psychology, and member of the Leiden Institute of Brain and Cognition
Website  www.temporalattentionlab.com; www.sandernieuwenhuis.nl
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Study of the role of miRNAs in memory formation
Project description  Controlled gene expression and the synthesis of new proteins are essential for the formation of long-term memory. The mechanisms that regulate these processes are complex, but are known to recruit several molecular components and pathways. Recent studies have suggested that post-transcriptional mechanisms involving non-coding RNAs such as microRNAs (miRNAs) are among these components and play an essential role in activity-dependent gene expression in neurons. Several brain-enriched miRNAs have been described and their implication in neuronal functions such as proliferation and differentiation has been characterized. However, current knowledge on the identity, targets, and role of miRNAs in the formation of long-term memory is still scarce. This project aims to identify and characterize miRNAs involved in the formation and consolidation of long-term memory. It employs a genetic mouse model with improved memory resulting from inhibition of a memory suppressor, and a combination of behavioral, molecular and electrophysiological methods.The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  The project requires good knowledge in neurobiology and genetics and some methodological know-how in molecular biology, and when possible behavior.
Duration  2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Brain Research Institute is a remarkable research institute in Europe with outstanding scientific excellence, high track record, and international visibility. It is part of the two best schools in Switzerland, the University Zürich (Medical Faculty) and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich (Department of Health Science and Technology), and is fully embedded in the Neuroscience Center Zürich, the largest and most prominent neuroscience center in Switzerland. The research and teaching environment of the institute is unique and based on a long tradition of scientific expertise and forefront research in the field of systems neurosciences, molecular cognition, developmental biology and neurophysiology.
Website  http://www.ipz.uzh.ch/institut/mitarbeitende/staff/michaelowa.html
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  The proliferation of multilateral funds. Explaining the shift towards non-core multilateral aid and related institutions
Project description  More and more, non-core multilateral aid has been increasing over the last twenty years at the expense of traditional multilateral aid. Non-core aid refers to voluntary contributions by bilateral donors earmarked for specific development purposes. Hence, multilateral organizations are increasingly facing the challenge to manage ever more donor-financed funds, in addition to their regular tasks. This may undermine efficiency of aid delivery. Moreover, the proliferation of multilateral funds leads to a fragmentation of aid and therefore may adversely affect development effectiveness. The project seeks to understand the mechanisms of this new trend of non-core multilateral aid and proposes to be the first in-depth analysis on that matter. Practitioners from various international organizations and scholars from different disciplines participate in this innovative project. Final outcomes of the research shall include policy recommendations. The project is also open for graduate students. The project runs from 1 Jan 2013 - 31 Dec 2014.
Pre requisites  Interest in international organisations, political economy, and data collection. Strong economics and political economy focus, but open for other disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, and philosophy.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department for Political Science was founded in 1971. At the moment around 80 employees work on the seven chairs of the IPZ. The IPZ is part of the Faculty of Arts of the University of Zurich. In collaboration with the ETH it forms the Center for Comparative and International Studies (CIS). At the same time the IPZ participates in the research program NCCR Democracy of the Swiss National Science Foundation. IPZ offers a BA and MA in political science, and also awards PhDs. The research portfolio of its members is broad with particular strengths in political economy and development economics, comparative politics, and quantitative methods. The members of the department are also collaborating in several international research projects and maintain close links with scholars of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, University of Geneva, and other institutions both in Switzerland and abroad.
Website  http://www.ipz.uzh.ch/institut/mitarbeitende/staff/michaelowa.html
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Projects focusing on bone tissue engineering
Project description  In the field of regenerative medicine, bone tissue engineering offers a new therapeutic alternative for autologous bone grafts. However, this technique needs to be optimized. Several projects in our lab focus on resolving this issue. Currently, to stimulate bone formation high doses of growth factors are used. These growth factors, seeded in the tissue engineered bone construct, are used in a supra-physiological dose due a short half-life in vivo. Which occasionally results in adverse events. To overcome this problem we transfect cells with DNA coding for one of these growth factors. This results in a sustained low, more physiologic, release of growth factor. In this project we want to investigate the bone tissue inducing capacity of several of these growth factors. By transfecting stem cells with DNA coding for these growth factors we try to induce a sustained release in a tissue engineered construct. This involves the splicing and cloning of DNA and the construction of vectors for optimal transfection efficiency. The project is also open to recently graduated undergraduate students who have not yet started their graduate program and also to graduate students. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester. Minumum duration of the project is 4 months.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The research will be performed at the Department of Orthopaedics, University Medical Centre Utrecht, one of the largest medical centres in the Netherlands. Research within the department is characterised by a so-called dual translational approach, where clinical problems are translated towards basic research questions and vice versa. The current research group consists of about 20 people, of which the majority is working on projects related to the regeneration of cartilage and bone. Moreover, this department is one of the key players in the UMC Utrecht recent Strategic impulse on Regenerative Medicine, where one of the three focus areas is regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues
Website  http://www.umcutrecht.nl/subsite/orthopaedics/Research_Program/Research-lines/Spinal+surgery/
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Spin-photon coupling in 4f transition metal oxides
Project description  Photons carry internal angular momentum ±ħ parallel to their propagation direction. This interesting property of photons has remained largely unexplored. Yet, with proper materials engineering, it offers very interesting perspectives in science and technology. When a photon is absorbed by a magnetic substance, it carries over its angular momentum ħ to the material. In a magnetic material where the magnetization is fully saturated, only photons carrying angular momentum -ħ are absorbed, as we demonstrated in Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 217601 (2011). Consequently we can use photons to manipulate and control the magnetic state of Eu-based insulating nanoparticles. The principles studied here may lead to novel forms of integrating optical control of information storages. The project is also open to recently graduated undergraduate students. We also welcome Master students motivated to contribute to this project.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of condensed matter physics (DPMC) of the University of Geneva is known for his studies of electronic materials with unconventional properties, and is headquarters of the National Center of Excellence in Research, MaNEP. Novel states of matter are discovered at regular intervals, including different forms of magnetism used in electro motion and magnetic storage devices, superconductivity used for magnet design and lossless power transmission, and many other forms of behaviour resulting from correlated motion of electrons in solids. Characterizing and understanding the next generation of electronic materials and devices require increasingly sophisticated experimental techniques such scanning probe microscopes, novel optical techniques, X-ray, neutron, and photoelectron spectroscopy. These techniques allow detailed mapping of the landscape of atoms, charge and spin and unveil the properties and functionalities of novel perspective materials. All these aspects form part of the research program of the DPMC.
Website  http://optics.unige.ch/
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Mechanisms of mitochondrial membrane permeabilization by the proapoptotic protein Bax
Project description  During apoptosis, Bax a proapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family permeabilizes the outer mitochondrial membrane to allow release of cytochrome c and consequent caspase activation and cell death. This is a key event during apoptosis. The goal of the project is to understand how Bax porates the mitochondrial membrane. Techniques of biophysics and biochemistry, using recombinant proteins and liposomes, combined with imaging, will be developed to test whether Bax forms a pore or whether Bax damages the membrane through a different mechanism. The project is open for recently graduated undergraduate students and to graduate students.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Faculty of Sciences, dept. Cell Biology. In this department, scientists work on the mechanisms of mRNA splicing (Pr. Kramer), mRNA nuclear export and on the role of small RNA in the control of gene transcription (Prof. Stutz), chaperones and oestrogen receptor signaling pathways (Prof. Picard), on protein trafficking (Prof- Strub) and on apoptosis (Prof. Martinou).
Website  http://www.unige.ch/sciences/biologie/bicel/Martinou/
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Children in blended families; legal and socio-legal perspectives on step-family relationships
Project description  What constitutes a family? The traditional perception is based upon two legal/biological parents and child(ren). Is de facto parenting to be considered equal, worthy of social and legal recognition? Although there is a rapid increase in the number of stepfamilies in the Netherlands, legal recognition of de facto care is still limited. Also on an EU level, critics claim that the EU perception of a family is (too) traditional (Navarro 2013). This research must investigate the level of recognition of step-family relationships in the US from a legal and/or socio-legal perspective.
Pre requisites  Students must have already followed family law in their home jurisdiction,preferably also comparative law. A fluency in more than one language is to be regarded as an advantage.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Molengraaff Institute for Private Law, Section Family Law, Comparative Law and International Private Law, also hosting the Utrecht Centre for European Research in Family Law (UCERF). The UCERF collates and promotes research in the field of family and inheritance law from a comparative, international and multidisciplinary approach. The expertise centre also devotes attention to teaching and other service activities, such as the provision of legal advice, see further on www.ucerf.nl/.
Website  http://www.ucerf.nl/ucerf-home/
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Modern geology research
Project description  Projects are assigned on a case-by-case basis, based on the declared interest of the applicant and his/her background, and can be field-based, lab-based, or computer-based. Because availability of specific projects changes quickly, it is not possible to specify exact topics in advance. Applicants should contact us directly to ask about topics availability at the time of their application. Phone: +49 (0) 89 / 2180 6512 
Fax: +49 (0) 89 / 2180 6514
 Email: friedrich@lmu.de (Prof. Dr. Anke Friedrich)
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Geowissenschaften. The Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences is a scientific institution of the school of geosciences of the Ludwig-Maximillians University of Munich (LMU). We are part of the Munich GeoCenter, an established network of research and teaching, which also includes geology at the Technical University of Munich (TUM).
Website  http://www.en.geologie.geowissenschaften.uni-muenchen.de/research/index.html
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Plant survival in a changing environment
Project description  Plants form the basis of every major terrestrial ecosystem on our planet and without them most life on Earth would cease. Plants fix the solar energy that drives nearly all living processes, provide the oxygen we breath, and are the primary source for human and animal nutrition. We aim to understand the interactions between plants and their biotic and abiotic environment, and to identify and assess the effects and consequences of environmental change on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. We address research questions such as: What is the effect of climate change on carbon dioxide sequestration in peat lands? How do beneficial soil microbes interact with plants and how do they affect plant biodiversity? How do plants adapt to flooding? How do plants defend themselves against pathogens and insects? How does light and photosynthetically fixed carbon sources regulate important plant processes? We are able to provide tailor-made research projects that match with your field of interest. The project is also open for recently graduated undergraduate students who have not yet started in their graduate program and to graduate students. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Institute of Environmental Biology forms an international centre of excellence on functional plant studies. The institute consists of four research groups: Ecology and Biodiversity, Plant Ecophysiology, Plant-Microbe Interactions, and Molecular Plant Physiology. We aim to understand the interactions between plants and their biotic and abiotic environment, and to identify and assess the effects and consequences of environmental change on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. We address research questions such as: What is the effect of climate change on carbon dioxide sequestration in peat lands? How do beneficial soil microbes interact with plants and how do they affect plant biodiversity? How do plants adapt to flooding? How do plants defend themselves against pathogens and insects? How does light and photosynthetically fixed carbon sources regulate important plant processes? Our institute provides a lively international environment in which international students will feel at home.
Website  http://web.science.uu.nl/environmentalbiology/
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  Development of a new detector for high energy photons
Project description  The measurement of high energy photons is a crucial element in all modern high-energy physics experiments. We are developing a new calorimeter with superior capabilities for multiple photon detection. The R&D work includes Monte-Carlo simulations of the future detector, work on a detector prototype, and possibly test beam measurements. The project is also open for recently graduated undergraduats who have not yet started in their graduate program and also to graduate students. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Basic Knowledge of Detectors in Particle Physics and C++ Programming
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The research projects are being performed in the Institute for Subatomic Physics of the Department of Physics and Astronomy in the Science Faculty. The Institute leads the Dutch Effort in the ALICE experiment at the CERN LHC accelerator. The research is being done in close collaboration with the NIKHEF research centre at Amsterdam.
Website  http://web.science.uu.nl/SAP/index.html
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Primed effort in cognitive tasks: Effects on cardiovascular response.
Project description  Funded by a grant from the Swiss National Science Foundation (100014-140251) awarded to Guido H.E. Gendolla. Research staff: Nicolas Silvestrini, Mathieu Chatelain, Athina Zafeiriou Experiments investigating the role of implicit affective and implicit stereotypic influences on effort-Related cardiovascular reactivity in the context of cognitive tasks. Selected publications: Silvestrini, N., & Gendolla, G.H.E. (2013). Automatic effort mobilization and the principle of resource conservation: One can only prime the possible and justified. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104, 803-816 doi: 10.1037/a0031995 Gendolla, G.H.E. (2012). Implicit affect primes effort: Theory and research on cardiovascular response.International Journal of Psychophysiology, 86, 123-135. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2012.05.003. The project is also open for recently graduated undergraduate students and to graduate students.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Geneva Motivation Lab, directed by Guido Gendolla, is part of the Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science (FPSE) at the University of Geneva. Our research and teaching projects comprise basic processes of motivation, affective processes, self-regulation, and learning as well as applied issues like health psychology and the application of motivation research. Most of our research involves physiological measures, particularly the activity of the cardiovascualr system.
Website  http://www.unige.ch/fapse/motivation/index.html
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Modification of natural products with medicinal products
Project description  Several new synthetic methods have been devised in the laboratory of organic synthesis in Leuven that make it possible to fuse or conjugate heterocyclic rings, such as 1,2,3-triazoles, to the framework of a certain natural product (e,g, a diterpene, triterpene, or steroid) with known medicinal properties, The consequence may be that the bioactivities are enhanced or that the bioavailability is significantly increased, The biogical activities are tested in collaboration with other laboratories at KU Leuven in antiviral, cytotoxic, anticonvulsant assays, but the task of the student will mainly be to apply new synthetic methods and to generate and characterize a library of compounds with potential bioactivity.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of Chemistry in Leuven (Faculty of Science) is involved in the organization courses of Bachelor/master of (a) Chemistry and b) Biochemistry and Biotechnology (the latter together with the department of Biology). The Department houses a staff of about 30 professors and has four divisions (a) Molecular Design and Synthesis (b) Molecular and Nanomaterials (c) Quantum Chemistry and Physical chemistry and (d) Biochemistry, Molecular and Structural Biology. See website http://www.chem.kuleuven.be/department/department_en.html
Website  http://chem.kuleuven.be/en/research/mds/losa
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Institution  Universiteit Utrecht
Research Project Title  The neuropsychology of motor control, somatosensory function and body representations
Project description  Neuropsychological and neurocognitive research focuses on investigating the relation between cognitive, perceptual and affective (dys)function and (impaired) underlyingneural processes. A topic that has received increased attention is how sensory signals are processed for the guidance of action and for bodily experience. There is increasing knowledge based among others, on studies with brain damaged patients and bodily illusions in healthy participants about the underlying neurocognitive processes. The aim of this project is to conduct a study in this area, thus setting up an experiment, collecting and analysing data and writing a scientific paper. A variety of methods are available, including kinematic movement recording neuropsychological and psychophysical assessment and a range of bodily illusions such as the rubber hand illuion. Details of a specific project will be determined together with the project supervisor. Project is open for recently graduated undergraduate students and graduate students. There are 2 places available per semester.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Experimental Psychology is one of the four Divisions of the Department of Psychology. It has three core chairs: Experimental Psychology, Biological Psychology & Psycho-Pharmacology, en Neuropsychology. The researchers of the Division of Experimental Psychology participate in the Helmholtz Institute. Experimental Psychology is specialized in fundamental, clinical and applied aspects of cogntion and perception, memory and emotions. It has extensive collaboration with other divisions within the department as well as the Faculties of Science and Medicine (University Medical Center Utrecht). The faculty of the Division teaches in the Teaching Institute of Psychology, and also in the Cognitive Artificial Intelligence programme, the Science track at University College Utrecht, the research Master’s programme Neuroscience & Cognition, and postgraduate programmes (RINO).
Website  www.dijkermanlab.nl
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Ethnic Power Relations and Conflict in Fragile States
Project description  Civil wars continue to claim thousands of victims and cause refugee flows and economic crises in many countries of the world. Many of these conflicts arise from political and economic inequalities among different groups in multi-ethnic states. In close cooperation with selected partners in developing countries (for ex. Ethiopia, Ghana and Zambia in Africa, Guatemala in Latin America and India)- in regions affected by such conflicts - the project aims at elucidating the causal relationships between cause (ethnic inequality) and effect (conflict). Two factors are at the center: First, the mobilization processes of ethnic groups, i.e. their political actions by organizations such as political parties and social movements, and second, institutional solutions such as power-sharing, federalism etc. The project is also open for recently graduated undergraduate students and graduate students. The project runs from 1 Jan 2014 - 31 Dec 2016. The student will support ongoing coding projects, provide research assistance for case studies, as well as support the organization of workshops and other events.
Pre requisites  Interest in ethnic politics and conflict research.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Being the largest department of political science in Switzerland it offers a BA and an MA program in political science, and also awards PhDs. It participates as well in the interdisciplinary BA in international relations. The research portfolio of its members is broad with particular strengths in comparative politics and international relations. The members of the department are also collaborating in several international research projects and entertain close links with scholars of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, and other institutions both in Switzerland and abroad.
Website  http://unige.ch/sciences-societe/dspri/membres/simon-hug/
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Optimization of Graphene Devices
Project description  Graphene has been proposed as a candidate for many purposes, from electrodes to CMOS and post-CMOS electronics. However, in order to make electronic applications of graphene realistic, one has to necessarily tune its electronic properties, so that, for example, a bandgap can be introduced. Another important aspect of the current graphene research entails the finding of a synthetic alternative to micromechanical exfoliation for graphene production, in order to achieve high quality, large scale graphene, addressable for CMOS-compatible device fabrication The objective of this study is to explore new device architectures by manipulating the graphene properties targeting the specs of future technology nodes. The student will learn to handle graphene sheets, fabricate graphene FETs, and characterize their performance.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  In 1982 the Flemish Government set up a program in the field of microelectronics with the goal to strengthen the microelectronics industry in Flanders. The decision was inspired by the strategic importance of microelectronics for the industry, and by the major investments required to keep up with developments in this field. This program included setting up a laboratory for advanced research in microelectronics (imec), a semiconductor foundry (former Alcatel Microelectronics, now STMicroelectronics and AMI Semiconductor), and a training program for VLSI design engineers. The latter is now fully integrated in the imec activities.Imec performs world-leading research in nano-electronics and nano-technology. IMEC, performing world-leading research in nano-electronics, is a spinoff company of the University of Leuven. Its staff about 1,900) includes over 500 industrial residents and guest researchers of which several have a teaching position at the University of Leuven or elsewhere.
Website  http://www.imec.be
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Investigation of structural effects on the transport properties of a 2DEG at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface.
Project description  The project aims at studying the effects of the structural phase transition in SrTiO3 on the transport properties of the 2-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) present at its interface with LaAlO3 thin films. Applying various mechanical strains upon cooling at different rates across the cubic-tetragonal phase transition should results in the suppression of crystallographic domain formation. As a consequence, the transport properties of the 2DEG sitting at the crystal surface should be strongly affected, with a possible strong enhancement of the charge carrier mobility. Such enhancement will eventually provide access to the observation of quantum phenomena in this system. The project is also open for recently graduated undergraduat students and graduate students.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Condensed Matter Physics Department (DPMC) has a long tradition in the studies of metallic materials with unconventional properties. The interest of the department is mostly focused on the fabrication, understanding and development of high temperature and novel superconductors as well as several classes of key novel materials, including colossal magnetoresistance, exotic magnetic compounds, organic crystals, graphene as well as dielectric, ferroelectric and multiferroic oxides. Several top class high quality experimental set-ups for electric transport in high magnetic fields and for optical spectroscopy are available. The department has also developed a large expertise in local probe systems: these include scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy (STM/STS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM).
Website  http://dpmc.unige.ch/gr_triscone
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  New Multicomponent Reactions
Project description  Multicomponent reactions (MCRs) are one-pot processes that combine three or more substrates either simultaneously (tandem, domino or cascade reactions) or through a sequential-addition procedure that does not involve any change of solvent. We work on devising processes where there is orthogonal reactivity of the functions A,B,C,D. Existing « classical » heterocyclic reactions such as the Gewald reaction or 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition are modified to a MCR version ; the challenge is to find orthogonal conditions for the reactions involved. Recently, we published an article in Angew, Chem, decribing such a powerful process. Further variations on this team will be investigated in this project, leading to compounds of biological interest.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of Chemistry in Leuven (Faculty of Science) is involved in the organization courses of Bachelor/master of (a) Chemistry and b) Biochemistry and Biotechnology (the latter together with the department of Biology). The Department houses a staff of about 30 professors and has four divisions (a) Molecular Design and Synthesis (b) Molecular and Nanomaterials (c) Quantum Chemistry and Physical chemistry and (d) Biochemistry, Molecular and Structural Biology. See website http://www.chem.kuleuven.be/department/department_en.html
Website  http://www.chem.kuleuven.be/department/department_en.html
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Efficient synthesis of benzo '1,2-b:4,5-b' dithiophenes and their analogs-building blocks
Project description  Full name of research project: Efficient synthesis of benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b’]dithiophenes and their analogs-building blocks of dyes for high performance solar cells. The sun remains an underutilized carbon-neutral source of energy. Solar cells based on inorganic materials have already shown good efficiency in harvesting solar energy but are quite costly at the stage of device fabrication. Therefore, currently there is a huge effort to develop organic photovoltaic (OPV) materials, with the hope of lower cost and easier production. Electron donating semiconducting small molecules and polymers have been used together with fullerides as active layers in solution-processed bulk heterojunction solar cells. Power-conversion efficiency of organic solar cells is steadily rising but still lower than the inorganic counterparts. Several research groups have used organic donors based on the benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b’]dithiophene unit. The reported synthesis of this moiety uses a methodology starting from expensive thiophene building blocks and is not very atom-economic. We propose a new and simple methodology starting from inexpensive hydroquinone and sulfur reagents. The method should also allow to introduce different substituents and hence lead to building blocks that are suitable for the formation of oligomers or polymeric materials. Generic application of the methodology to naphthalene or anthracene starting materials could then lead to analogs with expanded π–surface and enhanced donor properties. This is essentially a project on synthetic methodology. The polymerization reactions, material and device properties will be studied at a later phase of the project, in collaboration with other groups. Therefore, we are looking for a student with interest in organic synthesis mainly. Knowledge of polymer chemistry, or of the physical chemistry of the materials could be an asset but is not needed at the start of the project. Project is available in Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of Chemistry in Leuven (Faculty of Science) is involved in the organization courses of Bachelor/master of (a) Chemistry and b) Biochemistry and Biotechnology (the latter together with the department of Biology). The Department houses a staff of about 30 professors and has four divisions (a) Molecular Design and Synthesis (b) Molecular and Nanomaterials (c) Quantum Chemistry and Physical chemistry and (d) Biochemistry, Molecular and Structural Biology. See website http://www.chem.kuleuven.be/department/department_en.html
Website  http://www.chem.kuleuven.be/department/department_en.html
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Domain Decomposition Methods for Wireless Networks
Project description  Domain decomposition methods use the fundamental principle of divide and conquer to solve very large scale problems in science and engineering. Our group has worked both on the theoretical development of such methods, and their application in a variety of fields. We propose in this project to target the large scale time dependent simulation of wireless networks. Such networks are more and more present in our daily lives, starting with the dense covering for cellular phones, but more recently also with networks for Internet access, with cities planning networks with free access throughout their territory. Such networks raise fears in the population, because there are no long term studies of the influence of such networks on the health of the population. A natural approach to simulate such networks is to decompose them into smaller sub networks, such that they can be simulated on one processor each, and this allows us to use modern massively parallel computers for their solution. The projects aim is the development and mathematical analysis of algorithms for this purpose.
Pre requisites  Courses on analysis, linear algebra and numerical analysis.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Faculty of Sciences, Section of Mathematics: research oriented department, with highly active research groups in analysis, mathematical physics, geometry, topology and numerical analysis. The department is known worldwide for its research achievements, which were recently crowned with the Fields Medal obtained by Prof. Stas Smirnov.
Website  http://www.unige.ch/~gander/
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Institution  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Research Project Title  Carbon Nanotubes & Polymer composites
Project description  Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) possess extremely high intrinsic mechanical properties and are therefore considered as good candidates to reinforce polymer composite materials. These nano-reinforcements can be directly grown on carbon fibres using a chemical vapor deposition process. The deposition on the fibre surface of metal catalyst nanoparticles to trigger the CNT growth is a mandatory preliminary step. Thereby, the density, dimensions, relative positions of the catalyst nanoparticles actually control, to a large extent, the final organization of the CNTs on the fibre. However, the interactions between the catalyst nanoparticles and the fibre surface are poorly controlled and understood. This work aims at unraveling the behavior of the catalyst nanoparticles in contact with the fibre surface. Using state-of-the-art nanoscale simulation techniques (molecular dynamics and reactive force field), the behavior of the particles will be investigated to improve our understanding but also to deliver new types of nano engineered fibre reinforced polymer composites. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester. The project is also open for graduate students.
Pre requisites  The project is suitable for students in Materials Science, Materials Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Polymer science engineering.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Department of Materials Engineering is a regular research partner of industry. The combination of thorough fundamental research coupled with our broad range of expertise, delivers innovative ideas, helping to gain major advantages. Modern, advanced and well-maintained equipment reduces project time and cost and increases accuracy and strongly motivates researchers. A dynamic team spirit and cross-discipline knowledge sharing, stimulate our international outstanding research teams in their constant search for improved methods and innovative technologies. Project management is an art at the Department. Great management is also an essential ingredient in creating solid service for industry. Senior staff closely monitors the work of junior researchers to ensure a high level of professionalism and to teach the skills of sound project management: result-driven and cost-conscious. the Department is the largest education centre in Belgium in Materials Engineering, for BSc,MSc, & PhD., and one of the largest in Europe.
Website  www.composites-kuleuven.be
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Institution  Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München
Research Project Title  Biomarker Discovery
Project description  Discovery of affected molecular pathways in mouse models that represent defined endophenotypes characteristic for human psychiatric disorders including anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder and schizophrenia. Methods: biochemistry, protein chemistry, mass spectrometry, -omics data analysis The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.The project is also open for recently graduated undergraduate students and for graduate students.
Pre requisites  Primarily advanced undergraduate students in relevant majors.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry. A main focus of our department lies on stress- and adverse life event-related psychiatric disorders. Exposure to adverse life events or stress is the most robust risk factor for mood and anxiety disorders but also other psychiatric and medical disorders. A better understanding of the adaptive as well as mal-adaptive molecular, cellular and circuit level factors influencing our response to stress will be important to define pathophysiological mechanisms of stress-related psychiatric disorders. For this, we propose to follow the trajectory of molecular, cellular and system changes leading to the development of or resilience to psychiatric symptoms following exposure to adverse life events and to investigate how such trajectories are moderated by genetic, epigenetic, environmental and developmental factors.
Website  http://www.mpipsykl.mpg.de/1495985/turck
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Network Engineering
Project description  The analysis of networks is an interdisciplinary topic involving concepts from mathematics, physics, computer science, economics and other social sciences. It aims at understanding a wide variety of networks, such as friendship networks, company networks, markets or the Internet. By studying the network structure one can answer questions like: how does information spread in a network, how do people form opinions and how consensus is reached or how is our behavior influenced by the friends we have and at the same time how our behavior determines which people become our friends. The goal of this project is to understand existing literature, to implement in R methods described and to evaluate its performance using simulations. After finishing the project the student will have a good knowledge of social networks and will be familiar with the use of R for scientific research. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester and is also open for recently graduated undergraduate students and for graduate students.
Pre requisites  Fundamental knowledge in statistics and econometrics
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The URPP on social networks was founded with the aim of fostering research in, on and with social networks in societies. In this URPP, we examine the relationships between social structures and economic behavior by focusing on complex, networked systems. The interdisciplinary program focuses on the investigation of social networks from a perspective of modern management with elements from economics, sociology, information technology, mathematics and physics.
Website  www.socialnetworks.uzh.ch
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  A Probabalistic Interpretation of Motor Adaptation
Project description  When faced with changing terrains and novel environments, humans and other animals need to adapt their motor behavior appropriately. Apart from seminal studies in arm movements (Shadmehr and Mussa-Ivaldi 1994) motor adaptation has also been investigated in the domain of speech: Houde and Jordan (1998) have shown that altering the pitch of a human subject's vocalization leads to an opposing compensation by the subject. Sober and Brainard (2012) show that this effect also exists in non-human vocal learners like songbirds (Bengalese Finches). A widely prevalent feature of motor adaptation studies, is that subjects tend to compensate less when errors caused by external perturbations are large (Wei and Kording 2009). Sober and Brainard also report this finding in songbirds. Using Bayesian inference, we developed a theory of optimal pitch adaptation which makes novel predictions of pitch adpatation in noisy conditions. To test this prediction, we wish to perform pitch correction experiments similar to Houde and Jordan (1998). The project is also open for recently graduated undergraduate students and also for graduate students. The project is available till December 2014.
Pre requisites  Participants should be interested in conducting a psychological/psychophysical study. Experience with a programming language such as MATLAB is preferred.
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The Institute of Neuroinformatics (INI) was established at the University and ETH Zurich at the end of 1995. The mission of the Institute is to discover the key principles by which brains work, and to implement these in artificial systems that interact intelligently with the real world. From basic research on the anatomy of single neurons in the neocortex and their connections, to experiments on song learning in songbirds, to the implementation of neurons and biologically plausible learning rules in-silico, the institute offers a confluence of different fields of neuroscience.
Website  
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Institution  Universiteit Leiden
Research Project Title  In vivo cell fusion using a synthetic model system
Project description  Fusion of lipid bilayers, or membranes, is a ubiquitous process. It occurs in the cells of our body during cargo exchange by membrane vesicles and during viral infection, but also in industrial processes such as yeast production. While many proteins like SNAREs have been identified that play crucial roles in membrane fusion, the molecular mechanism of fusion remains unclear. This fascinating process is unexpectedly complex and we aim at elucidating the details of this process using my biomimetic model system which has all the characteristics of natural membrane fusion; targeted docking, followed by lipid and content mixing in the absence of leakage. Our model system is composed of a complementary pair of lipidated peptides able to form a heterodimeric coiled coil motif at the membrane interface similar to natural SNARE subunits. The different steps of membrane fusion will be studied using biophysical and biochemical techniques with a special focus on peptide-peptide and peptide-lipid interactions. Furthermore, in-vitro membrane fusion between liposomes and live cells will be studied using optimized biomimetic model systems.
Pre requisites  BSc degree in Chemistry or in a closely related field
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Supramolecular & Biomaterials Chemistry (SBC) group: For many years, nature has been a source of inspiration for supramolecular chemistry. Here, scientists design relatively simple molecules which assemble into functional materials with well-defined properties, typically following a bottom up approach. Recent progress has resulted in molecular assemblies which are responsive to multiple stimuli and are therefore highly controlled, emulating nature ever more closely. A relatively new branch of development is the application of supramolecular constructs in an in vitro and in vivo environment, to directly study and influence biological processes in live cells. The Supramolecular & Biomaterials Chemistry (SBC) group of Dr Alexander Kros is therefore active at the crossroads of organic synthesis, supramolecular chemistry and nanotechnology. Within these, his research group primarily focuses on: 1) the synthesis and self-assembly of amphiphilic peptides for targeted liposome fusion and drug delivery, 2) the synthesis and self-assembly of functionalized hydrogels for drug delivery, 3-D cell culturing and as vaccine carriers, and 3) mesoporous silica nanoparticles for imaging and controlled drug delivery.
Website   http://sbc.lic.leidenuniv.nl/
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Molecular and cellular mechanisms regulating sleep and biological clocks.
Project description  Sleep timing is regulated both by a biological "circadian" clock that directs us to sleep at particular times of day, and a homeostat that increases sleep pressure with increasing time awake. Our laboratory tries to understand this biological timing at a molecular level, using viral tools in both animal models and in primary human cells. From these studies, we have learned that a part of this coding in humans is genetically encoded: "larks" have biological clocks running measurably faster than "owls". Another part is environmentally determined by light, which rewires the neurons of clock tissues in the brain. In this project, the candidate will use viral technologies, organotypic slice culture, and in vivo imaging of mouse models to explore how clocks in different parts of the brain communicate with one another. The project is also open for recently graduated undergraduate students and graduate students. Research period will be on mutual agreement with the student and supervisor. The project is available in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The disciplines of Pharmacology and Toxicology deal with the actions of drugs (pharmacology) or poisons (toxicology) in the human body. Research in Pharmacology and Toxicology not only aims at a better understanding of the action of known drugs but also involves the search for new ways to treat diseases unresponsive to today’s medicines. In a broader sense, pharmacology deals with the understanding, prevention and treatment of human disease. The research activities of all six groups at our institute have a major focus on dysfunctions of the nervous system, including pain, epilepsy, sleep disorders, and anxiety. Neurosciences, tumor biology, chronobiology and the development and application of cutting edge imaging techniques in pharmacology are important fields of basic research at our Institute.
Website  http://www.pharma.uzh.ch/research/chronobiology/areas/chronobiology.html
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Protective immune responses during Epstein Barr virus (EBV) infection
Project description  Epstein Barr virus (EBV) persists life-long after primary infection and can cause tumors of B and epithelial cell origin. It is thought that cell mediated immune control prevents EBV associated malignancies in most EBV carriers. Along these lines, we study dendritic cell (DC), natural killer (NK) cell and T cell responses against this virus. These are analyzed in human tissues and mice with reconstituted human immune system components. The project aims to elucidate parts of this EBV specific immune control. The project is also open for recently graduated undergraduate students and graduate students. The project is availalbe in the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester
Faculty Department  The department of Viral Immunobiology at the Institute of Experimental Immunology studies the immune control of the oncogenic Epstein Barr virus (EBV), a human pathogen that establishes persistent infection in more than 90% of the adult human population. Both innate and adaptive immune responses to EBV infection are studied in individuals experiencing accute primary infection, healthy EBV carriers, patients with EBV associated malignancies and mice with reconstituted human immune compartments that can be infected with EBV. Especially dendritic cells (DCs), natural killer (NK) cells and T cells are investigated in these responses, but also antigen presentation on MHC molecules via autophagy is characterized. The overall aim of these studies is to identify protective immune responses during EBV infection and explore vaccine formulations to stimulate them.
Website  http://www.immunology.uzh.ch/researchunit/immunobiology.html
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  Predisposing factors moderating the development of social and non-social cognitive deficits in drug users
Project description  The main goal of the project is the identification of motivational factors, psychiatric conditions, personality traits or genetic mutations that are modulating the development of cognitive, affective and social dysfunction in cocaine, MDMA, GHB, or cannabis users. The applicant gets the opportunity to analyze neuropsychological, neuroeconomic, psychometric, clinical, demographic, and genetic data from the longitudinal Zurich Cocaine Cognition Study (ZuCo2St) and to participate in similar ongoing studies with MDMA, GHB, or cannabis users. Finally, the subsequent writing of an original article as a first author is encouraged and appreciated. The project is also open for recently graduated undergraduate students and for graduate students. The project will be available for the Fall and Spring semester.
Pre requisites  Strong background in neuropsychology, neuropharmacology or behavioral neuroscience, excellent statistical and writing skills, high motivation for an academic career and strong interest in addiction research.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  Our main research goal is a better understanding of the neurobiological and neuropharmacological principles of attention, cognition and emotion. We are currently investigating the behavioral neurotoxicicity of illegal drugs such as cocaine, MDMA (ecstasy), GHB, and cannabis, the behavioral genetics of sensorimotor gating and higher cognition, and the neuronal basis of impaired early information processing and higher cognitive functions (e.g., social cognition) in psychiatric diseases such as drug addiction, schizophrenia and depression. To achieve this we are using specifically designed behavioral tests, classical neuropsychological tasks, startle response paradigms (prepulse inhibition and affective startle modulation), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), positron emission tomography (18F-2-FDG, 18F-altanserin PET), magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and molecular genetics.
Website  http://www.neuroscience.ethz.ch/research/neural_basis/quednow
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Neuroimaging the impact of video games
Project description  Videogames have the potential to become of significant value for education and training. For instance, they provide an immersive, attractive medium with constant real-time feedback, an ideal combination to promote time on task and intrinsic motivation, two essential features for efficient learning. A great number of studies have shown that playing video games has positive effects on various perceptual and cognitive abilities. However, these effects seem to be specific to action video games and are not found with other genres (e.g. strategy, role playing, brain games, etc.). The present project aims at further investigating the neural underpinnings of these effects, with the use of neuroimaging techniques (EEG and MRI). In particular, we are interested in exploring two specific aspects of cognition: 1) How learning processes are affected – are video gamers better learners in various domains and why? 2) Does the emotional content of video games have an impact on social behavior and certain affective skills such as the processing of emotional stimuli? The project will include the analysis of both behavioral and neuroimaging data. Therefore, the successful applicant should have good knowledge of statistics and show a strong motivation for learning to analyze EEG and/or MRI data. Programming skills or prior experience with neuroimaging will be considered a plus. The project is also open for recently graduated undergraduate students who have not yet started their graduate programme.
Pre requisites  The project will include the analysis of both behavioral and neuroimaging data. Therefore, the successful applicant should have good knowledge of statistics and show a strong motivation for learning to analyze EEG and/or MRI data. Programming skills or prior experience with neuroimaging will be considered a plus.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The department of psychology of the University of Geneva is situated close to downtown Geneva. It is located in a splendid building that hosts lecture halls, library, offices, labs, and a cafeteria. The department accepts about 200 students per year and has Masters Programs in clinical, developmental, affective, social, and cognitive psychology. All classes are taught in French, but the lab language is English.
Website  http://cms.unige.ch/fapse/people/bavelier/research/plasticity-video-games/
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Individual differences in learning and transfer
Project description  "Humans have an exceptional ability to learn and adapt; yet, wide variations in learning ability are well documented across the population. The goal of this project is to account for inter-individual differences in the ability to learn and to successfully transfer learning with the longer-term aim of addressing how training can be individualized for optimal results. The proposed work combines large-scale behavioral assessment through Internet studies with in-lab experiments employing measurement of eye movements and physiological variables. The project will include the analysis of both behavioral and physiological data. Therefore, the successful applicant should have good knowledge of statistics and show a strong motivation for learning data analysis. Programming skills or prior experience with data analysis will be considered a plus." The project is also open for recently graduated undergraduate students (but not yet started in their graduate program).
Pre requisites  Good knowledge of statistics and show a strong motivation for learning data analysis.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The department of psychology of the University of Geneva is situated close to downtown Geneva. It is located in a splendid building that hosts lecture halls, library, offices, labs, and a cafeteria. The department accepts about 200 students per year and has Masters Programs in clinical, developmental, affective, social, and cognitive psychology. All classes are taught in French, but the lab language is English.
Website  http://cms.unige.ch/fapse/people/bavelier/
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Institution  Universität Zürich
Research Project Title  The role for protein tyrosine phosphatases and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel di
Project description  The pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease, representing a chronic intestinal inflammation, is still poorly understood. Recent evidence suggest that polymorphisms in more than 160 susceptibility genes contribute to an aberrant immune response to food allergens, microbial components and environmental toxins finally resulting in an impaired intestinal barrier function and excessive cytokine secretion. As a consequence, chronic inflammation is established and major complications, such as the development of intestinal fistulae or colorectal carcinoma occurs. Protein tyrosine phosphatases play a key role for modulating pro-inflammatory signal transduction and cytokine secretion, controlling the adaptive and innate immune system as well as regulating cell growth and cell proliferation. Further, they have been implicated in a variety of malignant tumors. In our laboratory, we investigate the role for certain protein tyrosine phosphatases, such as PTPN2, PTPN9, PTPN22 and PTPN23 in the pathogenesis of chronic intestinal inflammation as well as of colorectal carcinoma. Further, we are studying the pathogenesis of Crohn’s disease associated fistulae that feature epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) as a characteristic pathogenetic mechanism. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the onset of these fistulae are still poorly understood. So far, we could demonstrate that pro-inflammatory cytokines as well as bacterial antigens critically contribute to development of EMT in the intestinal tract and therefore to the pathogenesis of Crohn’s disease associated fistulae. Since EMT is also associated with the onset of colorectal carcinoma, a further goal of our laboratory is to investigate the pathogenesis of colorectal carcinoma. In this subject, we are studying the role for certain protein tyrosine phosphatases as well as of alpha v beta 6 integrin.
Pre requisites  The applicants should have sufficient abilities in basic reserach and be able to cooperate with a number of international people. Further, they should be interested in perfoming cell culture experiments, mouse experiments as well as working with human tissue samples. Fall and Spring semester. Runs from 1 May 2015 - 31 December 2018.
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  The Division of Gastroenterology and hepatology at the University Hospital Zürich is part of the University of Zurich. The UZH provides an excellent environment for this project. The University of Zurich is one of the leading universities in Europe and the world. The medical faculty of the University of Zurich is the largest in Switzerland. It represents one of the leading biomedical research centers in the world. Research of the highest international standard, both basic and clinical, is carried out here. There are intensive collaborations with research groups of leading universities and with scientific research centers all around the world. The medical faculty has set up joint centers of excellence with other faculties in the University and at the ETH Zurich, so as to promote research in interdisciplinary fields of potential future importance. A number of biotech companies in the area provide immense opportunities for research. Important focuses of research are molecular medicine, immunology, neuro-sciences and cardiovascular diseases. At the University Hospital of Zurich a Center of Clinical Research has been implemented coordinating the efforts to improve clinic-based research. The applicant is a member of the Center of Integrative Human Physiology (ZIHP) supporting research collaborations between basic research and clinical research, translational research programs and a very structured PhD training program (graduate school).
Website  http://www.gastroenterologie.usz.ch/LehreUndForschung/Arbeitsgruppe_IBD/Arbeitsgruppe_Michael_Scharl/Seiten/default.aspx
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Institution  Université de Genève
Research Project Title  Probing the viscosity of conduction electrons in metals.
Project description  An important property characterizing a liquid is its viscosity. Honey is for example very viscous, while water is rather fluid. Metals conduct electricity because the electrons also form a kind of liquid, so that electrical currents can flow around bends and obstacles just like water in a river. Hence electrical currents are actually currents of a charged liquid. What about the viscosity? Are electrons in a metal, plasmas or the corona of the sun like honey or like water ? To find out how viscous a liquid is, one has to shake it locally, and see how the rest is dragged along. According to theory the viscosity is a manifestation of correlated behavior of the electrons, and this should influence the reflectivity of infrared light at the surface of a metal, in the transmission through a conducting thin film, and peculiar oscillatory electric field patterns inside the material. It should be possible to measure these effects and tell how viscous the electrons really are. This is a new field, and experiments are only beginning. Van der Marel and collaborators are pioneers in this newly emerging field (see e.g. ""Electromagnetic properties of viscous charged fluids"" by D. Forcella, J. Zaanen, D. Valentinis, and D. van der Marel, Physical Review B 90, 035143 (2014)). We welcome enthusiastic students who would like to participate in exploring these -and other- phenomena in electronic quantum matter. The project is also open for recently graduated undergraduate students who have not yet started their graduate programme. The project runs from 1 September 2014 till 30 June 2017.
Pre requisites  
Duration  1 semester/2 semesters
Faculty Department  In the treasure trove of quantum materials lurk possibilities beyond our wildest dreams. In recent years a worldwide quest for novel phases of matter has brought to light -and continues to do so- many novel states of matter emerging from interactions and correlated motion of electrons. Electron-electron interactions, combined with the laws of quantum mechanics, constitute one of the biggest theoretical challenges known in theoretical physics. Characterizing and understanding this new generation of electronic materials requires carefully executed experiments. These include advances in size reduction of scanning probe microscopes, novel optical techniques, X-ray, neutron, and photoelectron spectroscopy. These experimental techniques allow detailed mapping of the landscape of atoms, charge and spin and unveil the properties and functionalities of novel perspective materials. All these aspects form part of the research program at the Department of Quantum Matter Physics of the University of Geneva.
Website  http://optics.unige.ch/wordpress/ ; http://p3.snf.ch/project-153405
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